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WATER.

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Presentation on theme: "WATER."— Presentation transcript:

1 WATER

2 Water Formula A water molecule (H2O), is made up of three atoms =
one oxygen and two hydrogen. H H H O

3 Water is Polar! each water molecule has a slightly negative and a slightly positive end (pole) The oxygen end “acts” negative The hydrogen end “acts” positive Causes the water to be POLAR Overall, Water is neutral (equal number of e- and p+) --- Zero Net Charge

4 Hydrogen Bonds Exist Between Water Molecules
Formed between a highly Electronegative atom of a polar molecule and a Hydrogen Many hydrogen bonds are strong Water vs Alcohol

5 Interaction Between Water Molecules
H H O H H

6 What are the Properties of Water (in today’s class)?
1

7 Properties of Water (in today’s class)
Cohesion Adhesion 1

8 Cohesion Attraction between particles of the same substance ( why water is attracted to itself) Results in Surface tension (a measure of the strength of water’s surface) Produces a surface film (almost like skin on waters’ surface) on water that allows insects to walk on the surface of water 3:59 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RphuMEUY3Og 1

9 Adhesion :13-1:01 Attraction between two different substances.
Water will make hydrogen bonds with other surfaces such as glass, soil, plant tissues, and cotton. Capillary action-water molecules will “tow” each other along when in a thin tube. Example: transpiration process which plants and trees remove water from the soil, and paper towels soak up water. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=At1BJJDcXhk :13-1:01 1

10 Adhesion Causes Capillary Action
Which gives water the ability to “climb” structures 3:49-4:31 Thorny Devil example https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZUsARF-CBcI

11 Adhesion Also Causes Water to …
Attach to a silken spider web Form spheres & hold onto plant leaves

12 Properties of Water cont.
Less Dense as a solid 1

13 Water is Less Dense as a Solid
Ice is less dense as a solid than as a liquid (ice floats) Liquid water has hydrogen bonds that are constantly being broken and reformed. Frozen water forms a crystal-like lattice whereby molecules are set at fixed distances. 47 sec https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NQhjAtCKghE 1

14 Water is Less Dense as a Solid
Which is ice and which is water? 1

15 Water is Less Dense as a Solid
Ice 1


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