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Water Issues in the Asia-Pacific Region Katoomba V Meeting Tokyo, 5 November 2002 Wouter Lincklaen Arriëns Lead Water Resources Specialist Asian Development.

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Presentation on theme: "Water Issues in the Asia-Pacific Region Katoomba V Meeting Tokyo, 5 November 2002 Wouter Lincklaen Arriëns Lead Water Resources Specialist Asian Development."— Presentation transcript:

1 Water Issues in the Asia-Pacific Region Katoomba V Meeting Tokyo, 5 November 2002 Wouter Lincklaen Arriëns Lead Water Resources Specialist Asian Development Bank

2 Stark Realities 1 in 3 Asians does not have access to safe drinking water1 in 3 Asians does not have access to safe drinking water 1 in 2 Asians does not have adequate sanitation facilities1 in 2 Asians does not have adequate sanitation facilities

3 A Water Crisis? Competition for scarce waterCompetition for scarce water Increasing water pollutionIncreasing water pollution More floods and droughtsMore floods and droughts Degraded watershedsDegraded watersheds Depleted groundwaterDepleted groundwater Disappearing ecosystemsDisappearing ecosystems

4 Will our rivers... keep flowing into the sea?

5 Presentation Outline

6 Policy and institutional frameworkPolicy and institutional framework Water as a resourceWater as a resource Water as a serviceWater as a service ADBs Water Policy Water for AllADBs Water Policy Water for All Valuation of ecosystem services, watershed markets, and private sector participationValuation of ecosystem services, watershed markets, and private sector participation DiscussionDiscussion

7 Policy and Institutional Framework

8 Stakeholder participationStakeholder participation Water sector coordinationWater sector coordination Effective national water policyEffective national water policy Updated water legislationUpdated water legislation National water action agendaNational water action agenda Capable institutionsCapable institutions

9 Water as a Resource

10 Decentralization to river basinDecentralization to river basin Planning and managementPlanning and management Water rightsWater rights Water quality controlWater quality control Conserve watersheds and ecosystemsConserve watersheds and ecosystems Vulnerability to disastersVulnerability to disasters

11 Water as a Service

12 Autonomous and accountable service providersAutonomous and accountable service providers Community and private sector participationCommunity and private sector participation Regulatory framework and cost recoveryRegulatory framework and cost recovery Public awarenessPublic awareness

13 To invest in better water management... focus on people and governance first!

14 ADBs Policy Water for All

15 Socially vital economic good that needs careful management to sustain equitable economic growth and reduce povertySocially vital economic good that needs careful management to sustain equitable economic growth and reduce poverty Participatory approach needed to meet the challenges of water conservation and protectionParticipatory approach needed to meet the challenges of water conservation and protection Principles

16 Focus Improve water governanceImprove water governance Manage water resourcesManage water resources Deliver water servicesDeliver water services Investing to

17 Sector Approach Policy and institutional reformPolicy and institutional reform River basin managementRiver basin management Improving water servicesImproving water services Catalyzing investmentsCatalyzing investments Capacity buildingCapacity building Regional cooperationRegional cooperation

18 Ecosystems, Markets, Private Sector

19 Valuing Ecosystems Part of river basin approach to water resource managementPart of river basin approach to water resource management Lack of practical examplesLack of practical examples Muthurajawela wetlands in Sri LankaMuthurajawela wetlands in Sri Lanka Hai river basin study in PRCHai river basin study in PRC

20 Watershed Management Investing in watershed management: India, PRC, Sri Lanka, Laos, Viet NamInvesting in watershed management: India, PRC, Sri Lanka, Laos, Viet Nam Nam Ngum watershed in Laos: link to poverty reductionNam Ngum watershed in Laos: link to poverty reduction Cost sharing needed: by users downstream or from hydropower revenuesCost sharing needed: by users downstream or from hydropower revenues

21 Watershed Markets Downstream water users pay for watershed protection and land management upstream IIED study reviewed 61 efforts in 22 countriesIIED study reviewed 61 efforts in 22 countries Intermediaries mostly NGOs and government, little PSPIntermediaries mostly NGOs and government, little PSP

22 Watershed Market Study Watershed Markets – Linking Land Managers and Water Users to Raise Welfare Paper presented by Natasha Landell- Mills of IIED at the International Water Conference October 2002 Hanoi, Viet Nam

23 Private Sector Participation Concern: is water privatized? More $ and higher efficiencies Needs policy, regulation, cost recovery, and public awareness Roles: WRM versus WSDRoles: WRM versus WSD Water for All needs better water governanceWater for All needs better water governance

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