Presentation on theme: "Water Supply - Sector Overview"— Presentation transcript:
1Water Supply - Sector Overview Drinking Water Security in Rural IndiaWater Supply - Sector OverviewDepartment of Drinking Water & SanitationMinistry of Rural DevelopmentGovernment of India
2National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) National GoalTo provide every rural person with safe water for drinking, cooking and other domestic basic needs on a sustainable basis. This basic requirement should meet certain minimum water quality standards and be readily and conveniently accessible at all times and in all situationsOutlay – Rs crore inTarget to cover all uncovered, quality affected and other habitations and households, schools with safe and adequate drinking water supply
3NATIONAL RURAL DRINKING WATER PROGRAMME (NRDWP) COMPONENTS OFNATIONAL RURAL DRINKING WATER PROGRAMME (NRDWP)COVERAGE for providing safe and adequate drinking water supply to unserved, partially served and slipped back habitations. – 45%Provide potable drinking water to water QUALITY affected habitations. – 20%SUSTAINABILITY to encourage States to achieve drinking water security at the local level – 20%OPERATION & MAINTENANCE (O&M) for expenditure on running, repair and replacement costs of drinking water supply projects – 10% andSUPPORT activities – 5%.Allocation for DESERT DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME (DDP) areas to tackle the extreme conditions of low rainfall and poor water availabilityEarmarked funds to Mitigate drinking water problems in rural areas in the wake of NATURAL CALAMITIES,
4NRDWPFunds released to States as per allocation criteria of rural population, rural SC&ST population, areas under DDP, DPAP, HADP and special category Hill States, population managing their own drinking water projectsState level Scheme Sanctioning Committee has powers to plan, approve and take up drinking water projectsPiped water supply schemes increasingly being taken up by States
5NRDWP-COVERAGEHabitations are classified under the following categories (with and without quality problems)0% population coverage0-25%25-50%50-75%%100% population coveragePriority in taking up schemes in habitations.Priority for coverage of Minority dominated habitations and LWE affected districts.At least 35% of COVERAGE & QUALITY FUNDS shall be earmarked for providing safe drinking water in adequate quantity to SC/ST population.65% of funds provided under NRDWP provided to States can be utilized for COVERAGE on 50:50 Centre to State funding pattern.
6NRDWP-QUALITYHabitations are classified under the following water quality problemsArsenicFluorideSalinityIronNitrateTackling bacteriological contamination ismandatorily included into all water supply projectsDual water supply can be prioritized for supply of 10 lpcd of safe drinking water for cooking and drinking purposes and quality-affected water purposes can be used for washing (iron free water), bathing, ablution, etc.
7NRDWP- SUSTAINABILITY SUSTAINABILITY funds shall be utilized for improving the source and system sustainability by augmenting drinking water resources.Ground water recharge through check dams, percolation tanks, etc., surface water impounding like ponds, Ooranies, etc., improvement of traditional water bodies, conversion of defunct bore wells into point source recharging systems can be taken up under this component.Convergence with MNREGS can be achieved by planning funds required for excavation from MNREGS with material component from NRDWP-Sustainability funds.Use of new and renewable energy sources can be promoted, wherever necessaryConjunctive use of ground-water, surface water and rainwater harvesting could bring in drinking water securityOver-exploited, critical and semi-critical blocks identified by CGWB can be prioritized.20% of funds provided under NRDWP provided to States for sustainability as 100% Central assistance.
8Strengths and Weaknesses 86% of rural population have access to safe drinking waterAbout lakh rural habitations are fully covered with safe and adequate drinking waterSatisfactory fundingIncentive for Sustainability,Decentralisation, SupportInvolvement of Panchayats, ownership of communitiesGood institutional structure of SWSM, RWS Dept., DWSM, GP, VWSCInvolvement of scientific inst. And civil societyWeaknessesNearly 5.70 lakh habitations slipped back to partial coverage1.44 lakh habitations having contaminated drinking water85% dependence on Groundwater - Severe depletionOnly about 35% habitations with piped water supplyOnly 12% (2005) households with tap connectionsProblem of weak O&MInadequate attention to software activities, sustainabilityNeglect of traditional sources
9Understanding Best Practices Long term sustainability - GujaratRoofwater harvesting – MizoramTackling water quality – West Bengal - ArsenicRevival of Traditional water bodies – TamilnaduCommunity managed groundwater systems- Andhra PradeshWater Quality Monitoring and Surveillance – Madhya PradeshService delivery to STs – Orissa – Gram VikasCapacity building – Change Management - TamilnaduSector wide reforms – UttarakhandPublic-private partnership – Punjab,Decentralisation – KeralaRegulation – MaharashtraInstitutional Structures- Gujarat, Tamilnadu, MaharashtraMetering and 24X7 water supply – Dakshina Kannada dt.,Karnataka
10Fostering Innovations 20% of NRDWP funds for Sustainability on 100% grant basis5% for Support activities10% for innovative projects for States devolving management to PRIsKey Resource Centres for capacity building, documentationBlock Resource Centre for awareness generation and capacity buildingNational Drinking Water and Sanitation Council
11Online IMIS Using Web for on-line monitoring GP level data on targets and achievementsFeedback and Queries invited from all StakeholdersOnly database with habitation level data
12NRDWP- SUPPORTNRDWP – SUPPORT funds (5% of NRDWP funds) shall be utilized for the following purposes :Water Quality Monitoring & Surveillance which inter alia includeEstablishment of new district and sub-divisional laboratoriesUpgradation of existing laboratoriesProcurement of field test kits / refillsCommunication and Capacity Development ( shall cater for both NRDWP and TSC programmes)IEC (Awareness generation)HRD (training and capacity building) – TNA Workshops, Training CalendarsCommunity involvement & mobilization (formation of VWSCs, etc.)Research & DevelopmentState Technical Agency (STA) – required for ensuring sustainability component in every water supply project which is put up for approval of SLSSCMonitoring & EvaluationAdministrative expenses
13ICT SolutionsGrievance Redressal – Punjab, Orissa, Jharkhand, Chattisgarh – toll free numberHGM Maps with National Remote Sensing CentreE-procurement,GPS
14Training and Communication Action Plans Training through 19 KRCs – Annual Action PlansCommunication and Capacity Development Units set up in all StatesTraining Needs Assessment Workshops held in StatesStates have prepared Training CalendarsCommunity involvement activities planIEC Plans – IEC Guidelines issuedState Workshops being held by GoI officers for sensitizing and motivating district level officialsStaffing pattern for DWSM includes IEC and HRD consultantsBlock Resource Centres with 2-4 Social mobilisers/motivators to be set up in all blocks
15We believe users of water are the best managers of water…