2IntroductionWater is one of our most precious and vital resources. It is a necessity for all life. Every day we depend on it and interact with water in some way or another whether it is industrially, in agriculture, developments, recreation or human consumption. In the past and even now we can’t imagine a day without water being an important need in our lives. Think about how much we use water each and everyday for various reason and multiply that by the amount of people in the world. Yes, that is a lot of water needed. Globally to some degree issues has occur because of polluted waters. If the pollution persists long enough bacteria will build creating dead zones according to St. Petersburg Times World and Nation Online (Hurricane Katrina article). Can we fix this problem and if we can how? In answer to the urgent need for clean water is to educate our citizens on the issues and implications of our water scarcity crisis. The goal of this research paper is to raise awareness and educate the public on the water scarcity issues we all face.
3OverviewThe water problem has come in the recent years to the forefront in the relations among the countries of the Middle East. It also occupies an important place in the agenda of several international organizations. Main characteristics of the problem may be highlighted as follows:Current water resources in the Middle East have become insufficient to meet the needs.The scarcity of the water will continue to increase in future as the population grows and consumption per head of inhabitant augments.As a result, water is likely to become the cause of conflict among the countries of the region.
4Water and the Palestinian-Israeli Conflict: Competition or Cooperation? Israel and Palestine, struggle over water involves, not only economic and distribution issues, but central political, legal, and territorial claims as well.For example: Palestinians have to buy their water from Israel.
5Globally Water scarcity increasing faster then expected: 80% Water usage over the past 100 years.
6Global Water Issues Overall environment Contaminated Sediment in Water SourcesSpecies AffectedManagementPreventionEffect on PeopleUnsafe drinking waterWater related diseases
7Water Conflict Introduction Causes of Conflict International Conflicts United States Conflicts
8International Conflict Middle EastJordan River BasinTigris-Euphrates BasinWar-fare in IraqAfricaVolta River, Zambezi River, and the Niger BasinThe Nile River BasinAsiaIndus River BasinGanges River
9US Conflicts Western United States Great Lakes Conflict California’s Central ValleyThe Pacific NorthwestThe Colorado River BasinThe Great Plains RegionOregon/California ConflictGreat Lakes Conflict
10Water Usage SurveySurvey questioned 100 Bluffton students regarding their use of water:Drinking waterBathroom usageToilet flushingBrushing teethShoweringMales shaving
11Action Plan What can the United States do? Financing Alternative Water SourcesWater Conservation Incentive Programs
12Action Plan What can we as individuals do here in Bluffton? Limit and Prevent Wasted WaterToiletBathingKitchen UseAppliancesLawn CareOther Miscellaneous Uses