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Marine Invasive Species & Ballast Water Management Adnan Awad Director IOI-SA Technical Director (Marine) - GISP.

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Presentation on theme: "Marine Invasive Species & Ballast Water Management Adnan Awad Director IOI-SA Technical Director (Marine) - GISP."— Presentation transcript:

1 Marine Invasive Species & Ballast Water Management Adnan Awad Director IOI-SA Technical Director (Marine) - GISP

2 2 Marine Invasive Species

3 3 Pathways PipeworkPipework Docking Block LocationsDocking Block Locations PropellersPropellers Sea ChestsSea Chests Free Flood SpacesFree Flood Spaces HullHull

4 4 Ballast Water How far have we come?

5 5 International Progress

6 6 International Maritime Organization Safer Shipping ….. Cleaner Oceans… International Convention on the Management of Ships Ballast Water & Sediments International Convention on the Management of Ships Ballast Water & Sediments Convention GuidelinesConvention Guidelines Integrated Technical Co-operation Programme (ITCP)Integrated Technical Co-operation Programme (ITCP) IMO-GEF-UNDP GloBallast ProgrammeIMO-GEF-UNDP GloBallast Programme International Convention on the Management of Ships Ballast Water & Sediments International Convention on the Management of Ships Ballast Water & Sediments Convention GuidelinesConvention Guidelines Integrated Technical Co-operation Programme (ITCP)Integrated Technical Co-operation Programme (ITCP) IMO-GEF-UNDP GloBallast ProgrammeIMO-GEF-UNDP GloBallast Programme

7 Article 5 - Sediment Reception Facilities –where cleaning and repair of BW tanks occurs –Safe disposal of sediments (should not damage the environment)

8 8 Obligations: Enact domestic laws Establish Compliance Monitoring & Enforcement System Sediment Reception Facilities Needs: Training & Capacity Building Guidelines & Technologies Institutional Coordination Port State Control

9 9 Albania Antigua and Barbuda Barbados Brazil Canada Cook Islands Croatia Egypt France Kenya Kiribati Liberia Maldives Marshall Islands MexicoNetherlandsNigeriaNorway Republic of Korea Saint Kitts and Nevis Sierra Leone South Africa SpainSweden Syrian Arab Republic Tuvalu Contracting Parties as of September 2010

10 Pollution Crimes Cost Greek Shipper $2.7 Million, Ships Barred from USA, NEW ORLEANS, Louisiana December 11, 2009 Polembros Shipping Ltd., a Greek ship management company, was sentenced federal court in New Orleans to pay $2.7 million criminal fine for violating anti- pollution laws, ship safety laws, and making false statements during a U.S. Coast Guard investigation of the cargo ship M/V Theotokos. Polembros was also ordered to pay a separate $100,000 community service payment to the Smithsonian Environmental Research CentrePolembros Shipping Ltd., a Greek ship management company, was sentenced federal court in New Orleans to pay $2.7 million criminal fine for violating anti- pollution laws, ship safety laws, and making false statements during a U.S. Coast Guard investigation of the cargo ship M/V Theotokos. Polembros was also ordered to pay a separate $100,000 community service payment to the Smithsonian Environmental Research Centre The criminal prosecutions are under the Nonindigenous Aquatic Nuisance Prevention and Control Act of This law established a national ballast water control program in an attempt to prevent invasive aquatic species from entering U.S. waters.The criminal prosecutions are under the Nonindigenous Aquatic Nuisance Prevention and Control Act of This law established a national ballast water control program in an attempt to prevent invasive aquatic species from entering U.S. waters. Polembros pleaded guilty on September 30 to violating the Nonindigenous Aquatic Nuisance Prevention and Control Act by failing to maintain accurate ballast water records.Polembros pleaded guilty on September 30 to violating the Nonindigenous Aquatic Nuisance Prevention and Control Act by failing to maintain accurate ballast water records. The court ordered that all ships owned or managed by Polembros, currently 20 vessels, will be barred from entering U.S. ports and territorial waters for three years as a condition of the probation imposed by the court.The court ordered that all ships owned or managed by Polembros, currently 20 vessels, will be barred from entering U.S. ports and territorial waters for three years as a condition of the probation imposed by the court.

11 11 Ballast Water Management Approach Awareness Raising Political engagement Policy and legislation development Risk assessment Biological surveys (Ports) Compliance monitoring Regional Strategy Development

12 12 Regional Approach in Africa –Regional Strategies under development –Facilitation through LMEs (e.g. ASCLME) –Engagement through NC/AC –Important role for PMAWCA, PMAESA, PENAf

13 13 Existing regional frameworks: WIO / ASCLME Region ASCLME project PMAESA, PENAf Nairobi Convention (UNEP) Scientific networks (WIOMSA, SAMSS) Past progress: Draft SEA Regional Strategy National meetings IMO engagement

14 14 Targeting developing countries & regions: Intl Partnership Approach Raise awareness Develop appropriate tools Build capacity for management

15 Policy & Regulations National level: Development of BW Policy (Dept of Environment) BW inclusion in Biodiversity & Ports Acts Ratification of IMO BW Convention Development of SA BW Act (ongoing) Concurrent development of regulations Port & Flag State Control

16 Policy & Regulations Regional level: Assistance with Strategy development for BWM for sub-regions WACAF Southern & East Africa PERSGA Mediterranean Institutionalization within operational frameworks Pollution Conventions

17 Policy Development & Guidelines Review of IMO approach Rapid assessment of national ability for implementation of BW regime Template for status report to IMO Co-published IOI - IMO/GBP Available in hard copy or pdf

18 Available in PDF at GISP Tools

19 19 Intl Port Survey Protocols New guidelines to be development

20 Mombasa Port Survey Training Workshop

21

22 22 Risk Assessment database

23 23 BWRA – Ship BW info

24 24

25 25

26 26 BWRA - Bioregions

27 27 BWRA - Overall Risk

28 Ship-board treatment technologies

29 29 South African BWT System 10 Inch System6 Inch System Resource Ballast Technologies

30

31 History of Testing

32 Test Facility Quay-side location in Port of Cape Town Pump from/to natural coastal waters Advanced technologies with broad application Suitable for expansion to training centre

33 Testing for IMO Approval Active Substances: Chronic & acute toxicity Health & Safety, corrosivity Efficacy: Compliance with IMO D-2 Standard Removal/de-activation of organisms by size class

34 34 Current State of Technologies 47 Companies currently active Capacities ranging from m 3 /hr +/- 150 systems installed on vessels –From 27 different suppliers 10 Systems with IMO Certification & Type Approval

35 35 International Preparedness Shipping Industry: +/- 80,000 vessels in world fleet Approx 30 installations/day to comply with IMO Convention National Administrations: Regulatory Framework Management capacity –Port & Flag State Responsibilities

36 36 Short Courses: Introductory Course on Ballast Water Management Management of Invasive Species in Marine & Coastal Environments Training Course on Port Biological Baseline Surveys Capacity Building

37 Projects addressing other vectors Biofouling: Yachts & Marinas Oil rigs Aquaculture: Water treatment for land- based facilities pumping to/from coastal waters

38 Moving forward… Increase Integration: Addressing all vectors As part of ICOM Between sectors i.e. Environment & Maritime Administrations In Partnerships, projects & initiatives

39 39 Thank You University of the Western Cape Private Bag X17, Bellville 7535 Tel: Fax: Website:


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