Elements of Water Resources Planning n Background and terminology n A short history of water resources planning n The National Drought Study n Drought Preparedness
Strategies for achieving a desired set of goals What is Planning?
Planning Involves Players - individuals, agencies, businesses, communities, state and federal government Processes - identification of goals, metrics, alternatives, trade offs, additions n Products - a traditional report, modeling environments, dynamic structure
What Makes Water Resources Planning Unique? n Significant impacts n High potential for conflict n Resource availability uncertain but coveted n Technical and political concerns n Divergent interests n Established and emerging institutions rain?
Navigation Interests Who Has a Stake In Water Planning?
Recreationalists Who Has a Stake In Water Planning?
A Short History of Water Resources Planning 1934 - Fish & Wildlife Coordination Act 1936 - Federal Flood Control Act 1950 - Green Book 1962 - U.S. Senate Document 97 1965 - Water Resources Planning Act 1969 - Blue Book 1973 - Principles & Standards Adopted 1989 - Principles & Guidelines Adopted
Today's Planning Environment n State and local agencies share the cost of project development and management n Less federal presence and influence n Stakeholders have assumed more significant role n Planning is a multi-party process n RED, EQ and OSE may be important to stakeholders n Characterization of impacts in economic terms is still difficult
The National Drought Study (1990-1993) Primary Objectives n To find a better way to manage water during drought n To have a lasting impact on drought management practices in the U.S. Sponsored by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Authorized by Congress in response to the widespread droughts of 1988
The Interdisciplinary Nature of the National Drought Study, NDS The NDS integrated sound Federal management guidelines with important advances in other disciplines.
The NDS Team n Water Managers n Researchers n Corps n Federal Agencies n State Agencies n Universities n Cities n Consultants n Private Industries n Environmental Groups
The National Drought Study Pursued a Wide Variety of Activities n Test recommended management practices n Develop innovative and practical
These Activities Included n Drought Preparedness IWR-Main for Demand Forecasting in the Boston Area n Colorado River Gaming Exercise n Lessons Learned in California Drought 1986-1992 n Human and Environmental Impacts: California Drought 1986-1992 n Overview of Water Resources Models n Drought Impacts in a P&G Planning Context n Governance and Water Management During Drought
NDS Philosophy All Parties who are impacted by drought should be involved in plan formulation. Impacts of Philosophy n Increased the number of participants in the planning process. n Required that the objectives of multiple stakeholders be explicitly considered. n Required a process that promoted consensus building. n Required effective communication.
The Drought Preparedness Studies The Drought Preparedness Studies the effectiveness of the NDS planning philosophy in practice n Utilized new methodologies to formulate tactical and strategic drought response plans n Improved drought management guidelines through lessons learned
The DPS Sites n Cedar and Green River Basins, Washington n Marais des Cygnes-Osage River Basins, Kansas and Missouri n James River Basin, Virginia n Kanawha River Basin, Virginia and West Virginia
Major Water Use Concerns at DPS Sights n Kanawha: White Water Rafting, M&I Effluent Dilution n Cedar/Green: M&I Supply, Tribal Water Rights, Fisheries, Recreation n James: M&I Supply, Hydropower, Recreation, Thermoelectric, Navigation n Marais des Cygnes-Osage: Lake Recreation, Interstate Water Allocation, Thermoelectric, M&I Supply
DPS Outcomes The most significant accomplishments of the DPS sites include n Improved shared understanding of their water system n Improved collaborative approach of their water resources n New strategies for tactical drought response n Shared Vision Models as management tools n A framework for maintaining drought preparedness Virtual Drought Exercises
The DPS Planning Paradigm Step 1. Teams Step 2. Identify problems, planning objectives and constraints Step 3. Defining the status quo Step 4. Formulate alternatives Step 5. Evaluate alternatives Step 6. Implement the plan Step 7. Exercise and update the plan
Implement the Plan DPS Planning Paradigm: Step 6
Exercise and Update the Plan DPS Planning Paradigm: Step 7
The DPS Approach Facilitates n Estimation of drought vulnerability n Assessment of an existing water resources plan n Development of a new plan n Resolution of a specific water resources conflict
Summary n Planning is an essential activity. n Water Resources Planning is a complex activity, requiring cooperation among a wide variety of managers and stakeholders. n Federal water planning has a long history, which has led to the development of Principles and Guidelines. n The DPS planning paradigm makes use of federal guidance, new technology, and conflict resolution.
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