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Freshwater and Saltwater Aquariums

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Presentation on theme: "Freshwater and Saltwater Aquariums"— Presentation transcript:

1 Freshwater and Saltwater Aquariums
By Jenessa Gjeltema

2 Choose Your Aquarium Type
The specific aquarium setup will depend upon the requirements of the species you choose.

3 Choose Your Aquarium Type

4 Choose Your Aquarium Type

5 Choose Your Aquarium Type

6 Basic Needs Appropriate enclosure/housing Nutrition Hygiene Enrichment

7 Enclosure Components Tank Stand/Canopy Lid/condenser Lights
Temperature Control Environmental Enrichment Filtration Location Water Quality

8 Enclosure Components: Tank
Consider: Size Shape Materials Convenience Aesthetics

9 Enclosure Components: Tank

10 Enclosure Components: Lid/Condenser
Why? Keeps fish from jumping out Prevents evaporation Protects lights Considerations: Access to tank Keep clean of debris

11 Enclosure Components: Lighting
Why? Plant Growth Coral Growth Visualizing the Fish Fish health Considerations: Fixtures/ballast Photoperiod: Use timers 12hours Types of bulbs (size, wavelength): Mostly fluorescent full spectrum bulbs that simulate daylight at noon Reflectors

12 Enclosure Components: Lighting
Considerations: Fixtures Ballast Wavelength Light Intensity Reflectors Photoperiod (12 hours)

13 Enclosure Components: Temperature Regulation
How? Heaters Chillers Fans Ventilation Considerations: Position of heater Lighting

14 Enclosure Components: Environmental Enrichment
Why? Evasion Breeding Quality of life Express Personality

15 Enclosure Components: Environmental Enrichment
Types: Wood Rocks Substrate Plants

16 Enclosure Components: Plants
Why? Oxygenation Waste removal Protection

17 Filtration Systems Mechanical Biological Chemical Filtration: Types:
Wool, sponge Ceramics, sponges, rocks (SURFACE AREA!!) Charcoal, zeolite Purpose: Remove large particulate waste Removes fish waste products Removes odors, discoloration, toxins, and some waste products

18 Filtration Systems Considerations Tank size Stocking capacity
Water flow Breeding Aeration

19 Filtration Systems

20 Filtration Systems

21 Filtration Systems Protein Skimmer: Removes organic material from marine systems

22 Filtration Systems Underground filter: biological and mechanical

23 Enclosure Components: Location
Avoid: windows/direct sunlight drafty doors or fireplaces vibrations/sharp noises

24 Water Composition: Water Testing

25 Water Composition: Stock Water
Know what is in your stock water Test periodically Alternatives available Test for: Chlorines Copper pH Hardness

26 Water Composition: Testing
Fresh Water: pH Ammonia Nitrite Nitrate Salt Water: Salinity Other: Phosphate Calcium Strontium

27 Water Quality: Nitrogen Cycle (originally from

28 Water Quality: Nitrogen Cycle

29 Water Quality: Cycling A New Tank
Purpose: grow bacteria for nitrogen cycle Takes 4-6 weeks Tips: “Seed” the tank Monitor values closely Avoid water changes Can achieve without fish

30 Water Changes Why? Dilutes waste products Corrects pH imbalances
Can reduce algae growth

31 Performing Water Changes
Regular water changes 2% every 2 days 4% every week 20% a month

32 Adding Fish: Acclimation
Temperature Water composition Environmental factors How: 15-30 min. for temperature 15 minutes for water composition

33 Nutrition Dry: Flakes Pellets Sticks Floating Sinking Wafers Seaweed
Live/Frozen: Blood Worms Daphnia Brine Shrimp Feeder fish Plants

34 Picture from Jeremy Gay’s The Perfect Aquarium
Nutrition Know your fish Observe mouth Use dry food as staple Supplement with fresh/frozen foods Do not overfeed Picture from Jeremy Gay’s The Perfect Aquarium

35 Maintenance Daily: Feed Monitor Lighting Weekly: Replace evaporation
Water testing Clean algae Empty protein skimmer

36 Maintenance Monthly: Charcoal replacement Plant maintenance
Electrical Inspection 6 mos. To Yearly: Change light bulbs

37 Additional Considerations
Personal Safety Euthanasia Environmental Impact Veterinary Care

38 References Axelrod, Herbert. Handbook of Tropical Aquarium Fishes. Neptune City: TFH Publications Borneman, Eric. Aquarium Corals: Selection, Husbandry, and Natural History. Neptune City: T.H.F. Publications Fenner, Robert M. The Conscientious Marine Aquarist. Neptune city: T.F.H Publications Gay, Jeremy. The Perfect Aquarium: The Complete Guide to Setting Up and Maintaining an Aquarium. New York: Reader’s Digest Hawkins, A.D. Aquarium Systems. London: Academic Press

39 References Hemdal, Jay F. Aquarium Fish Breeding. New York: Barron’s Hiscock, Peter. Encyclopedia of Aquarium Plants. New York: Barron’s Sandford, Gina. The Tropical Aquarium. New York: Barron’s Stoskopf, Michael. Fish Medicine. Philadelphia: W.B. Sauders Co Tullock, John. Water Chemistry for the Marine Aquarium. New York: Barron’s

40 Special Thank You to: Fish World and Aqua Pros

41 I can help you get some hands-on experience!
Thank You! Questions? If you would like to learn more about fish (as well as coral and amphibian) husbandry, please contact me at I can help you get some hands-on experience!

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