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Freshwater and Saltwater Aquariums By Jenessa Gjeltema.

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Presentation on theme: "Freshwater and Saltwater Aquariums By Jenessa Gjeltema."— Presentation transcript:

1 Freshwater and Saltwater Aquariums By Jenessa Gjeltema

2 Choose Your Aquarium Type The specific aquarium setup will depend upon the requirements of the species you choose.

3 Choose Your Aquarium Type



6 Basic Needs Appropriate enclosure/housing Nutrition Hygiene Enrichment

7 Enclosure Components Tank Stand/Canopy Lid/condenser Lights Temperature Control Environmental Enrichment Filtration Location Water Quality

8 Enclosure Components: Tank Consider: Size Shape Materials Convenience Aesthetics

9 Enclosure Components: Tank

10 Enclosure Components: Lid/Condenser Why? Keeps fish from jumping out Prevents evaporation Protects lights

11 Enclosure Components: Lighting Why? Plant Growth Coral Growth Visualizing the Fish Fish health

12 Enclosure Components: Lighting Considerations: Fixtures Ballast Wavelength Light Intensity Reflectors Photoperiod (12 hours)

13 Enclosure Components: Temperature Regulation How? Heaters Chillers Fans Ventilation

14 Enclosure Components: Environmental Enrichment Why? Evasion Breeding Quality of life Express Personality

15 Enclosure Components: Environmental Enrichment Types: Wood Rocks Substrate Plants

16 Enclosure Components: Plants Why? Oxygenation Waste removal Protection

17 Filtration Systems Filtration: MechanicalBiologicalChemical Types:Wool, spongeCeramics, sponges, rocks (SURFACE AREA!!) Charcoal, zeolite Purpose:Remove large particulate waste Removes fish waste products Removes odors, discoloration, toxins, and some waste products

18 Filtration Systems Considerations Tank size Stocking capacity Water flow Breeding Aeration

19 Filtration Systems


21 Protein Skimmer: Removes organic material from marine systems

22 Filtration Systems Underground filter: biological and mechanical

23 Enclosure Components: Location Avoid: windows/direct sunlight drafty doors or fireplaces vibrations/sharp noises

24 Water Composition: Water Testing

25 Water Composition: Stock Water Know what is in your stock water Test periodically Alternatives available Test for: Chlorines Copper pH Hardness

26 Water Composition: Testing Fresh Water: pH Ammonia Nitrite Nitrate Salt Water: Salinity Other: Phosphate Calcium Strontium

27 Water Quality: Nitrogen Cycle (originally from

28 Water Quality: Nitrogen Cycle

29 Water Quality: Cycling A New Tank Purpose: grow bacteria for nitrogen cycle Takes 4-6 weeks Tips: Seed the tank Monitor values closely Avoid water changes Can achieve without fish

30 Water Changes Why? Dilutes waste products Corrects pH imbalances Can reduce algae growth

31 Performing Water Changes Regular water changes 2% every 2 days 4% every week 20% a month

32 Adding Fish: Acclimation Temperature Water composition Environmental factors How: 15-30 min. for temperature 15 minutes for water composition

33 Nutrition Dry: Flakes Pellets Sticks Floating Sinking Wafers Seaweed Live/Frozen: Blood Worms Daphnia Brine Shrimp Feeder fish Plants

34 Nutrition Know your fish Observe mouth Use dry food as staple Supplement with fresh/frozen foods Do not overfeed Picture from Jeremy Gays The Perfect Aquarium

35 Maintenance Daily: Feed Monitor Lighting Weekly: Replace evaporation Water testing Clean algae Empty protein skimmer

36 Maintenance Monthly: Charcoal replacement Plant maintenance Electrical Inspection 6 mos. To Yearly: Change light bulbs

37 Additional Considerations Personal Safety Euthanasia Environmental Impact Veterinary Care

38 References Axelrod, Herbert. Handbook of Tropical Aquarium Fishes. Neptune City: TFH Publications. 1983. Borneman, Eric. Aquarium Corals: Selection, Husbandry, and Natural History. Neptune City: T.H.F. Publications. 2001. Fenner, Robert M. The Conscientious Marine Aquarist. Neptune city: T.F.H Publications. 2001. Gay, Jeremy. The Perfect Aquarium: The Complete Guide to Setting Up and Maintaining an Aquarium. New York: Reader s Digest. 2005. Hawkins, A.D. Aquarium Systems. London: Academic Press. 1981

39 References Hemdal, Jay F. Aquarium Fish Breeding. New York: Barron s. 2003. Hiscock, Peter. Encyclopedia of Aquarium Plants. New York: Barron s. 2003 Sandford, Gina. The Tropical Aquarium. New York: Barron s. 2004. Stoskopf, Michael. Fish Medicine. Philadelphia: W.B. Sauders Co. 1993. Tullock, John. Water Chemistry for the Marine Aquarium. New York: Barron s. 2002.

40 Special Thank You to: Fish World and Aqua Pros

41 Thank You! Questions? If you would like to learn more about fish (as well as coral and amphibian) husbandry, please contact me at I can help you get some hands-on experience!

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