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Using Neuropsychology for Effective PowerPoint Presentations Aaron Michelfelder, M.D. Associate Professor of Family Medicine, and Bioethics & Health Policy.

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Presentation on theme: "Using Neuropsychology for Effective PowerPoint Presentations Aaron Michelfelder, M.D. Associate Professor of Family Medicine, and Bioethics & Health Policy."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Using Neuropsychology for Effective PowerPoint Presentations Aaron Michelfelder, M.D. Associate Professor of Family Medicine, and Bioethics & Health Policy

3 Pancreas Sherri L. Yong MD Mr. or Mrs. Pancreasmeanest organ

4 Roadmap Preparation General Principles Specific PowerPoint Recommendations Presentation Tips

5 Preparation From MDConsult: Preparing your infant for a test or procedure.

6 When preparing for a talk, do you search the internet specifically for other peoples PowerPoint presentations?

7 Preparation Research –Books, Articles, Internet –Find Other PowerPoints

8 General Principles

9 Three Goals of an Effective Presentation: –Connect with your audience –Direct and hold attention –Promote understanding and learning From Kosslyn: CLEAR and to THE POINT: 8 Psychological Principles for Compelling PowerPoint Presentations.

10 Connect With Your Audience #1 Principle of Relevance #2 Principle of Appropriate Knowledge From Kosslyn: CLEAR and to THE POINT: 8 Psychological Principles for Compelling PowerPoint Presentations.

11 Direct and Hold Attention #3 Principle of Salience #4 Principle of Discriminability #5 Principle of Perceptual Organization From Kosslyn: CLEAR and to THE POINT: 8 Psychological Principles for Compelling PowerPoint Presentations.

12 Promote Understanding & Learning #6 Principle of Compatibility #7 Principle of Informative Changes #8 Principle of Capacity Limitations From Kosslyn: CLEAR and to THE POINT: 8 Psychological Principles for Compelling PowerPoint Presentations.

13 Specific PowerPoint Rules From

14 Which Slide Style Do You Prefer? Studies of SSOM Students Show: –91% are Brilliant –62% Exercise Regularly –96% Bathe Regularly –41% Eat Regularly –3% Get Most of Their Sleep at School 1

15 Which Slide Style Do You Prefer? Studies of SSOM Students Show: –91% are Brilliant –62% Exercise Regularly –96% Bathe Regularly –41% Eat Regularly –3% Get Most of Their Sleep at School 2

16 Backgrounds People Generally Prefer: –In a Dark Room: Dark Background Light Letters –In a Light Room Light Background Dark Letters

17 Which do you prefer? Purple Background with Yellow Letters Or Green Background with Yellow Letters 1

18 Which do you prefer? Purple Background with Yellow Letters Or Green Background with Yellow Letters 2

19 Backgrounds Cooler Colors Background Warmer Colors Content Simple Significant Contrast Avoid Patterns

20 From

21 From

22 Stages of Metabolism Dr. Frankfater: Stages of Metabolism Lecture MCBG – Slide #1

23 Which Font Do You Prefer? Studies Show of all SSOM Professors: –89% are Funny –21% are Geeks –99.1% are Attractive –12% Sleep with the Lights on –16% are Asleep right now 1

24 Which Font Do You Prefer? Studies Show of all SSOM Professors: –89% are Funny –21% are Geeks –99.1% are Attractive –12% Sleep with the Lights on –16% are Asleep right now 2

25 Font Ariel is Preferred –Simple Letters –Easy to Read from back of room At Least 28 point

26 Content 8 by 8 Rule –8 lines of text –8-10 words per line 8 Second Rule 1 Slide per Minute

27 Cranial nerves Modalities- 7 total –GSA/GSE and GVA/GVE + SVE, SSA and SVA I, II, and VIII – special sensory III, IV and VI – extraocular eye muscles IX, X, XI and XII – lower brainstem V- trigeminal sensory and motor VII – facial muscles Dr. Jones - SHB

28 Graphs Versus Numbers People Prefer Graphs to Tables Graphs Should Use: –Complementary Colors Next To Each Other –Contrast to Make A Point

29 PowerPoint Default Pie Chart

30 From:

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32 Clip Art Versus Photos

33 Animation Animation is only to emphasize a point –Do not use it for every slide or word or line (unless you want your audience nauseated) –PowerPoint default is medium animation –Speed up animation to very fast –(Now Isnt this better!!) –(Do you believe me now?)

34 Animation Studies Show: –People Want some Control Over Their Learning –Audiences Like to see All of The Content At Once –That Gives Them Some Control –Fade-in For Emphasis Only –Use Fade-in Sparingly

35 Sounds for Emphasis Only People Find Sounds on Every Line to be Highly Irritating Photo from:

36 4.C. NEURONAL REGULATION: Sympathetic Innervation: Most innervations end at neurons in the GI plexi. Sympathetic Innervation: - In general it inhibits GI function; - Exception: Sphincter muscles are activated by sympathetic innervation; - Sympathetic fibers ALSO carry sensory information to CNS. From: Dr. Cukierman - FHB

37 4.C. NEURONAL REGULATION: Parasympathetic Innervation: Most innervations end at neurons in the GI plexi. Parasympathetic Innervation: - In general it enhances GI function; - Synapses between pre- and post-ganglionic fibers are nicotinic; - Parasympathetic fibers ALSO carry sensory information to CNS. From: Dr. Cukierman - FHB

38 SAT Quiz The Screen is to the Presenter, as the (fill in the blank) is to the Audience.

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40 Handouts If I give them the Power Point Slides, then The Audience Can Take Notes As they Go –Audience Must Pay Attention –Audience May Miss Key Points –Copyright Issues –If Recorded, Will need to provide Value-added in talk If I give the Audience a More Detailed Handout, then The Audience Can Pay More Attention to What I am Presenting. –Audience Doesnt need to Pay attention to get the key points –Key Points are Never Missed –Will need to provide Value-added in talk

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42 Presentation Tips From:

43 Presentation Tips Where do you Want the Focus? –On You and Your Words? –On Your Slides? –On Your Handout?

44 Presentation Tips Avoid Apologies Use Positive Statements –About the Audience –About the Material –About What the Audience Will Learn

45 Presentation Tips Grab Attention Early Think About Non-Verbal Communication –http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BmU5MO7 ZaZUhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BmU5MO7 ZaZU

46 Presentation Tips Show and Tell Use Blank Screens Insert a Break or Change Every 20 Minutes

47 PowerPoint Karaoke

48 Value-Added When Lectures are Recorded, What Can We Do to Make Sure Being Present Adds Value to the Learner Over Just Passive Watching From Home?

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50 (junq fig 11-21, p 219) Cardiac Muscle Cells Very large branching single cells with central nucleus Specialized cell-to-cell junctions called intercalated disks Individual cells functionally linked (electrically & structurally) Highly vascularized (i.e. a highly active tissue) Rhythmic involuntary contraction Autonomic innervation (SA & AV nodes and Purkinje cells) (Wheater Fig 6-20, p 112) Nucleus Capillary Striations Muscle fiber Intercalated disk Dr. Kovacs, FHB

51 Goals of Presentation Connect with your audience –#1 Principle of Relevance –#2 Principle of Appropriate Knowledge Direct and hold attention –#3 Principle of Salience –#4 Principle of Discriminability –#5 Principle of Perceptual Organization From Kosslyn: CLEAR and to THE POINT: 8 Psychological Principles for Compelling PowerPoint Presentations.

52 Goals of Presentation (Cont) Promote understanding and learning –#6 Principle of Compatibility –#7 Principle of Informative Changes –#8 Principle of Capacity Limitations From Kosslyn: CLEAR and to THE POINT: 8 Psychological Principles for Compelling PowerPoint Presentations.

53 v=lpvgfmEU2Ck

54 Thanks! Questions? -or- Comments?


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