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Storage Design for Agile VDI Alex Danilychev, PhD.

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Presentation on theme: "Storage Design for Agile VDI Alex Danilychev, PhD."— Presentation transcript:

1 Storage Design for Agile VDI Alex Danilychev, PhD

2 #CitrixSynergy Introduction

3 Typical design Blade servers Shared storage

4 Typical challenges Hardware cost is 80% storage dependent Bulk storage purchasing impeding incremental growth Future scalability will demand storage redesign

5 #CitrixSynergy Shared storage growth and user productivity 1, User Count Cost, AU User Count Productivity per user AU – arbitrary units

6 #CitrixSynergy Combined productivity and storage evolution Redesign 1, Combined Productivity Cost, AU Combined Productivity 1, Cost, AU ? Alternatives

7 What can we do differently?

8 #CitrixSynergy Agile design is a balanced design

9 #CitrixSynergy Citrix VM delivery options Single-tenant VMs: VDI-in-a-Box MCS (Machine Creation Services) – XenDesktop Single-tenant and multi-tenant VMs: PVS (Provisioning Services) – XenDesktop and XenApp

10 #CitrixSynergy Write-cache design with shared storage Provisioning Servers Web Interface VMs Desktop Delivery Controller VMs Licensing Server VM XenApp Server VMs XenDesktop VM Instances SQL Server VM Active Directory shared storage Users Provisioned VMs Local write-cache write-cache

11 #CitrixSynergy Write-cache design with local storage Provisioning Servers Web Interface VMs Desktop Delivery Controller VMs Licensing Server VM XenApp Server VMs XenDesktop VM Instances SQL Server VM Active Directory shared storage Users Provisioned VMs Local write-cache

12 #CitrixSynergy Write-cache on local storage 1, User Count Cost, AU User Count Productivity per user Within individual server

13 #CitrixSynergy Combined productivity and storage evolution Redesign 1, Combined Productivity Cost, AU Shared Storage Local Storage Redesign is not necessary After 1, Combined Productivity Cost, AU Before sustainable linear growth hard to predict non-linear growth

14 #CitrixSynergy Typical user workload PER USER SIZING RAM2 Gb CPU1/7 Network100 Mb Disk5 Gb IOPs20 XenDesktop* PER USER SIZING RAM0.7 Gb vCPU (cores)1/15 Network100 Gb Disk1 Gb IOPs10-20 XenApp* * Data points are for illustration purposes only. Do your own benchmarks!

15 #CitrixSynergy Storage capacity vs. user count Storage capacity (Gb)*User Count RAID6 DISKS8 DISKS10 DISKS with HS RAID6 DISKS8 DISKS10 DISKS with HS Storage Capacity – (RAM per user * User Count + Hypervisor RAM) Storage per user User Count = Storage Capacity – Hypervisor RAM RAM per user + Storage per user User Count = * Array with 146Gb drives

16 #CitrixSynergy Storage performance RPMIOPS SSD5,000+ SAS 15, SAS 10, SAS 7,20075 SAS 5,40050 IO per Disk RAIDPENALTY RAID Write Penalties User Workloads ITEM~VALUE IOPS per User20 Size, kB4-8 Writes, %80 Reads, %20

17 #CitrixSynergy Reliability Disk reliability RAID redundancy Uptime

18 #CitrixSynergy Storage cost TYPECOST, $ SSD4,000+ SAS400 Unit Cost TYPE$ PER MONTH, PER TB SSD3,000 SAS300 Cost of Ownership

19 Are mechanical disks affordable but just too slow?

20 #CitrixSynergy RAID performance for 4K IO workloads Write coalescing, i.e. derandomizing IO in action (RAID 5, 8 SAS 15k) 4K IO, Random Write4K IO, Random Read Utilization, % Wait 3,000 IOPS IOMeter load, XenServer IOSTAT output

21 Quest for an agile well balanced server

22 #CitrixSynergy Modern 1U server redundant power high capacity internal storage – 6 to 10 SAS drives 1Gb NICs Hypervisor management remote management space for 10Gb NICs for user and PVS traffic

23 #CitrixSynergy Modern 1U server 2 socket design, cores k SAS drives, Gb each Storage grade RAID controllers (0.5-1Gb cache)

24 #CitrixSynergy Sufficient capacity and performance 0.5-1Tb capacity in RAID 10 ( k SAS drives, 146Gb or 300Gb) 2,000-3,000 IOPs available concurrent users consume only 1,600-2,000 IOPs at 20 IOPs per user

25 #CitrixSynergy Per server hardware cost (including storage) $10,000 to $16,000 per server Under $200 per user at user density per server

26 #CitrixSynergy Shared vs. local storage High Availability Fault Tolerance Resource rebalancing Maintenance

27 #CitrixSynergy Implementation Building block: 1 rack 2 PVS Servers 2 XenServer pools, ~16 server each Local 10Gb interfaces Utilize PVS subnet affinity Estimated user count ~ 3,000 to 4,000

28 #CitrixSynergy 3,000-4,000 user building block (one per rack) HA design with no shared storage VM hosts with user workloads Localized PVS traffic PVS fail-over traffic PVS servers Network switch

29 #CitrixSynergy Conclusion Reduce hardware cost by leveraging local storage Hardware cost reduction from $1,000+ per user to under $200 Deliver consistent performance for workloads big and small Endorse modular design that is easy to benchmark and maintain Be ready for sustainable growth

30 #CitrixSynergy We value your feedback! Take a survey of this session now in the mobile app Click 'Sessions' button Click on today's tab Find this session SYN101 Click 'Surveys'


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