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Guy Harrison, Kai Yu, Naveen Iyengar

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1 Guy Harrison, Kai Yu, Naveen Iyengar
Accelerating Oracle OLTP Database with Dell Flash based storage: Case Studies Guy Harrison, Kai Yu, Naveen Iyengar

2 Agenda

3 Agenda Why should you care about Flash based storage disks?
Types of Flash based storage disks Dell Flash based storage solutions Case studies – performance analysis Q&A

4 Why should you care about Flash based storage disks?

5 Why should you care about flash based storage drives?
HDDs are performance limited by the spinning speed of the disk (15K rpm) and its mechanical head movement Compared to HDDs flash based storage or Solid State Drives (SSDs) Have no moving parts Extremely fast, low-latency, and high IOPS Single SSD can replace many HDDs Consolidate rack space Save on power and cooling FASTER SLOWER Flash SSD Technologies

6 Types of Flash based storage disks

7 Types of flash based storage disks or SSDs
FASTER SLOWER Flash SSD Technologies SAS/SATA based SSDs Use the same SAS/SATA based interface as HDDs Accessed by the system through OS driver stack Performance better than HDDs but still limited by OS driver stack PCIe based SSDs Directly connected to PCIe bus Directly connected to CPU and system memory through PCIe bus Faster than HDDs and SAS/SATA based SSDs Two types Single-level cell (MLC) NAND Best suited for performance intensive applications Smaller capacity Multi-level cell (SLC) NAND Suited for applications having high capacity requirements Lower cost alternative to SLCs

8 Dell Flash based storage solutions

9 Dell Flash based storage solutions
Server-side PCIe SSD based solutions Database directly on Dell PowerEdge Express Flash PCIe SSDs Database cached on Dell PowerEdge Express Flash PCIe SSDs using Fluid Cache for DAS Storage-side PCIe SSD based solutions Dell Compellent All-Flash array SAS/SATA PCIe-SSD

10 Case studies –Dell Flash based Storage Solutions Performance analysis

11 Case Study #1 Oracle OLTP Database directly on Dell PowerEdge Express Flash PCIe SSDs

12 Introduction to Express Flash PCIe SSD
Directly connected to PCIe bus Up to four PCIe SSDs per server 2.5 inch plugged into a device bay Capacity: 175GB/350GB Hot Swappable: add or remove a device without halting or rebooting the system The Dell PowerEdge Express Flash PCIe SSD is built with SLC NAND flash and can be used as an internal storage of Dell PowerEdge servers. This not only removes the performance bottleneck posted by the mechanical parts of conventional HDDs, also improves the storage IO performance by eliminating the latency and performance bottleneck between the server and the external storage. For example, a single Express Flash PCIe SSD drive response time can result in up to 26 ms, up to 1/4th lower than 4 SAS SSD drives and up to 1/10th the latency of 16 traditional HDDs. This makes PCIe SSDs the ideal storage for the applications that require low latency and high IOP (IO Per Second) operation. Figure 1 shows that the Dell 12 Generation PowerEdge server R720 can have up to 4 high performance internal PCIe SSDs drives in additional to the regular SAS or SATA drives which are usually used for OS and local file systems. The four PCE-e SSDs drives fit into driver carries and are front accessible and can be used for improving the database performance. Enterprise-grade SLC NAND and sophisticated NAND-management algorithms deliver up to 12.5 and 25 petabytes of drive life (175GB/350GB capacity, respectively). Also, since NAND SSDs have a finite number of program and erase cycles, Dell warrants the Express Flash PCIe SSD to a maximum amount of data written to the SSD in total bytes written. The SSD monitors these cycles, and Dell software management applications notify you when the warranty limits are reached.

13 Use Cases of PCIe SSDs for Oracle Database
Use PCIe SSDs stores the entire database schema. PCIe SSDs stores portions of a database schema four PCIe SSDs combining with MD3220 external storage with 24 HDDs PCIe SSD used as Oracle Smart flash cache in a 11g R2 RAC Database two PCIe SSDs combining with

14 Performance Testing Results
Use PCIe SSDs stores the entire database schema: comparison of two configurations: Baseline: the entire database schema stored in Hard Disk Drives (HDDs) Compared group: the entire database schema stored in PCIe SSDs TPS Comparison: 569% increase Response time (MS) Comparison: 250% increase of # of users for 1 second time 99 times reduce of query response time for 600 users

15 Performance Testing Results
User case 2: PCIe stores partial database: Config1 : all the database objects stored in HDDs. (Base Line) Config2: all indexes stored in PCI-e SSD Drives , Config3: all indexes plus one most active table stored in PCI-e SSDs Config4: all indexes plus four active tables stored in PCI-e SSD Response time Comparisons: TPS Comparisons: %-200% increase of # of users in 1 sec mark 14%-310% TPS Increases times decrease of response time for 800 users

16 Performance Testing Results
Use PCIe as the smart flash cache for RAC --- an extension of database buffer cache Configure PCEI SSD as Oracle Smart cache: Set udev rule in /etc/udev/rules.d KERNEL=="rssda1",OWNER="oracle", GROUP="dba", MODE="0775"

17 Performance Testing Results
SELECT name, value FROM v$sysstat WHERE name IN ('physical read flash cache hits', 'physical reads', 'consistent gets', 'db block gets', 'flash cache inserts'); NAME VALUE db block gets consistent gets physical reads physical read flash cache hits flash cache inserts 44.8% increase of TPS (Transactions Per Second)

18 Performance Testing Results
5.8 times decrease of Query Average Response Time

19 Performance Testing Results
Observed different database wait patterns

20 Performance Testing Results
Free buffer wait event Process A: Fast data read from smart flash cache Process B: Slow process to free a slot in memory due to the slow writing a dirty block to disk Fast process A has to wait for slow process B  Free buffer wait

21 Oracle Deployments: Challenges
Business Challenges: Structured Data Growth at CAGR > 50% Flat or declining IT budgets Do more with less Support aggressive Goto market requirements Technical Challenges: Increase performance and availability Increase Automation Reduce Management Complexity Increase online data accessibility

22 Case Study #2 Oracle OLTP Database on Dell Compellent All-Flash Storage Array

23 Solving Database challenges
Common Approaches: Add more processing/ memory Add more storage Add Server Flash High touch database tuning and management Limitations: Limited effectiveness Storage overprovisioning not sustainable Point fix/Capacity Constrained

24 Better Solution: Automated Tiered Storage
Benefits of Automated Tiered Solution: Increase performance without increasing cost Scale performance/capacity independently Right data in the right place at the right time – at the right cost Automation reduces management overhead Increase amount of data that is online Leverage existing investments

25 New Compellent All Flash Array Solution
Flash Tiering Economics: Improve cost per GB and cost per I/O Reduce HW requirements Reduce SW Licensing Reduce maintenance/support costs Reduce environmental cost factors Increase SSD Capacity Reduce SSD costs 80% 5X 75% Lower Cost Than most All-Flash solutions >300K IOPS >100,000 IOPS and sub-millisecond latency running OLTP workload

26 Read Intensive Enterprise SAS SSD Write-Intensive Enterprise SAS SSD
SSD Tiering How it works: Flash Optimized Tiering Write Intensive Tier for Reads/Writes Read Intensive Tier for Read Only Data On Demand data progression Flash Optimized Storage Profile Enhanced Flash Wear monitoring Capacity addition through NL-SAS $$$ RAID 10 $$ RAID 5 $ RAID 6 Read Intensive Enterprise SAS SSD (1.6TB MLC) HDD (15K, 10K, 7.2K) Write-Intensive Enterprise SAS SSD (400GB SLC) Tier 1 Tier 2 Tier 3 1. Dell case study: 7-Eleven; 2,

27 Performance Test Environment
Test Hardware: 2 X M820 Blade Servers Blade IO modules: A: M GbE Switch B: Force 10 10GbE Switch C: M GB FC Switch Storage : 2 X SC8000 Compellent Controllers 4 X SC220 enclosures: 72 X 15k SAS disks 6 Write Intensive (SLC)SSDs 6 Read Intensive (MLC) SSDs Test Software: Oracle Linux 6.4 UEK kernel Oracle Database Enterprise Edition Orion Dell Quest Benchmark Factory 100% 86%

28 Performance Test Environment
100% 86%

29 All Flash Vs Spinning Media (15k)
Orion Test Results Same Cost ORION: OLTP All Flash Vs Spinning Media (15k) 6XWI (400G) + 6XRI (1.6T) Flash Performance 72X146 G 15k 100% Vs Flash Latency 86%

30 TPCC Test Results



33 Case Study #3 Oracle OLTP Database Cached on Dell PowerEdge Express Flash PCIeSSDs using Fluid Cache for DAS

34 What is Fluid Cache for DAS?
Server-based caching technology Leverages Dell’s hot pluggable PowerEdge Express Flash PCIe SSDs Transparent to the Application Reduces latency & accelerates response times for any Linux-based application needing improved random IO reads and writes (i.e. Oracle OLTP) or sequential reads Consists of software, PowerEdge w/ Express Flash and optional PowerVault OS Oracle Linux 6.2 (RedHat Compatible Kernel) Platforms R620, R720, R820, T620 RAID Controller Dell PERC H710P, H710, H810

35 Fluid Cache for DAS Differentiators
Write-back cache accelerates data writes as well as reads Pools up to 4 Express Flash PCIe SSDs in a server Protects write cache data with efficient block replication technologies Combines performance enhancements with data integrity Cache stays warm on reboot SAS/SATA PCIe-SSD

36 PowerVault JBOD Storage PowerVault JBOD Storage
How Fluid Cache works: Enables High Speed Flash Performance for Direct Attached Storage Shared Read/Write Cache Pool Server >50x IOPS Fluid Cache for DAS Oracle Database PCIe SSDs 1X IOPS 1x IOPS Shares PCIe Flash Cache Pool for VDs across up to 3 RAID Controllers (only 2 used here) RAID cont. Internal Storage RAID cont. RAID cont. External PowerVault JBOD Storage External PowerVault JBOD Storage Dell (Server + Storage+ Flash) + Fluid Cache  Application Acceleration

37 Fluid Cache for DAS: Oracle OLTP Database reference architecture
PowerEdge R720 Database & OS Oracle Single Node 11gR2 Enterprise or Std. Edition DB SW Oracle Linux 6.2 (RedHat Compatible Kernel) PowerVault MD1220 H810 connected to MD1220s in balanced mode MD1220s connected in a daisy chain 8 x R10 Data Volumes, 4 x R5 FRA* Volumes, 12 Global Hot Spares * FRA – Flash Recovery Area (contains Archive Logs, Backups, etc.)

38 TPC-C Performance: Transactions per second (TPS)

39 TPC-C Performance : Average Response Time (ART)

40 TPC-C Performance : Max User load Scalability

41 Fluid Cache for DAS Resources
Dell Express Flash PCIe SSDs – Fluid Cache for DAS user’s guide - products/esuprt_electronics/esuprt_software/esuprt_cache_soluti ons/dell-fluidcache-das_User's%20Guide_en-us.pdf Oracle OLTP Fluid Cache for DAS reference architecture white paper – products/esuprt_electronics/esuprt_software/esuprt_cache_soluti ons/dell-fluidcache-das_White%20Papers90_en-us.pdf

42 Q & A Global Marketing

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