Presentation on theme: "ACSDA 2011 General Assembly - Bermuda The increasing role of the CSD in collateral management and OTC trade registration."— Presentation transcript:
ACSDA 2011 General Assembly - Bermuda The increasing role of the CSD in collateral management and OTC trade registration
Secular trends impacting our business Mitigation of too big to fail – prevention of too big to save. -Regulation and transparency: - EMIR - Creation of new pan-European regulator - Basel III. -Risk management focus across the financial industry. -Larger clients now seek services across asset classes. -Competition and consolidation above us in the securities lifecycle. -In Europe, public sector intervention directly into the CSD space: - Target 2 Securities - Code of Conduct on Clearing and Settlement - Consultation process on CSD regulation.
In Europe, an enormous amount of external influences are already in train … MIFIDPrice transparencyCSD competitionCustomerprotectionCode of ConductInteroperabilityCSD competitionPrice transparencyServicecomparabilityMarket accessService unbundlingRemoval ofGiovannini BarriersParticularly:Legal and taxIT interfacesMarket accessMarketharmonisationT2S &CCBM2EUR settlementCommon CSDmarket accessVia a commoncollateral platform(CCBM2)Integration ofEuropean marketinfrastructuresEfficientinteroperabilityVirtual asset poolaccess for CSDcustomersLow investmentcosts – quick to marketFacilitator for T2S Level playing field Interoperability and competition No barriers Reduced costs Cross-border efficiency EU financial service action plan / Lisbon agendaPrivate sector Common goal: a single harmonised financial market with standardised processes
… and further regulation is in the course of implementation … EMIR – European Market Infrastructure Regulation - follows a similar approach to Dodd-Frank in the USA. - seeks to regulate the OTC derivatives market through: - greater volume of CCP clearing in OTC derivatives - greater transparency in OTC derivatives exposure - registration of OTC derivatives trades - collateralisation of counterparty exposure - inclusion of non-financial corporates in the regulation. - implementation – December Basel III – a game changer for the utilisation of bank balance sheets.
What does this mean for the infrastructure providers in Europe? Successful providers will need to offer the market … - Excellence in custody services- Collateral management services- Critical breadth of asset classes coverage: fixed income, equities, investment funds, derivatives- Maximum liquidity re-use (central bank money settlement combined with commercial bank money settlement)- Single access point connectivity - Broad market coverage- Reliable and STP process- Choice of settlement locations (eg CSD / ICSD) - Cross-border transaction fees lower than today s domestic fees- Low fixed fees- Capacity to finance continuing investment Value-added services Multi-value support Pan-European settlement Price / cost leadership
The evidence of change so far … -Dramatic increase in demand for: - combined CSD / ICSD and collateral management services - anonymous access to the money markets. -Confusion / Consternation amongst the ill-prepared corporate sector. -Widespread projects to seek maximum collateral / capital optimisation within banks. -Pressure from national central banks to remove structural barriers to more efficient liquidity access. -CSDs working together, more than ever before, to seek opportunities in the new environment: - Link Up Markets - REGIS-TR - Clearstream and CETIP – collateral management. CSDs find themselves at the epicentre of the changes impacting global capital markets
REGIS-TR a case study in CSD collaboration in OTC derivatives
REGIS-TR – The trade repository for OTC derivatives
9 REGIS-TR Feb 2011 European Market Infrastructure Regulation – Draft Proposal Proposed European Regulation Key components in respect to trade repositories are: The risk mitigation goals impact financial and non-financial (i.e. corporate) market participants Clearing to be mandatory also for non-financial market participants beyond a certain activity threshold; non-standardised, non-clearable contracts should be electronically confirmed with an auditable monitoring process A reporting obligation for OTC derivatives positions no later than trade date plus 1 to record and report contracts with ESMA-registered trade repositories Competition promoted among trade repositories in general and by derivatives class, providing a transparent service on a cost-related basis ESMA will define the technical standards for reporting by June 2012 The new regulations apply from end-2012
10 REGIS-TR Feb % Shareholders: Two well known European Market Infrastructures Providing exchange trading, clearing, settlement and custody services European based (Luxembourg) entity with global reach Open governance structure To be ESMA regulated and looking for compliance with non-European regulators across the globe Service covering all OTC derivative products (one-stop-shop) before regulation materialises Servicing all types of market participants and respective activity profiles in the OTC derivative space REGIS-TR Shareholders and governance structure
11 REGIS-TR Feb 2011 Future developments Parallel development of optional value-added services for the industry Value-added Services Transaction reporting: Application as ARM under MiFiD Offering of transaction reporting for OTC derivatives in accordance with MiFiD II Exposure valuation: Inclusion of pricing and valuation data: Directly by the participant – bilateral exposure agreements Independent third-party exposure valuation Collateral Management: Existing international or domestic collateral pools for collateralisation of exposures in OTC derivatives White-labelled Trade Repository services: Provision of REGIS-TR expertise to domestic repository solutions – discussions ongoing in Americas, Africa and Asia/Pacific
Clearstream & CETIP a case study in CSD collaboration in collateral management
CETIP wishes to develop … … a comprehensive collateral management offering to help Brazilian banks reduce their capital requirement and improve process efficiency Service currently offered by Service supported by Algorithmics system Service supported by collaboration CETIP & Clearstream 1. Establishment 2. Servicing (payment and exposure mgt) OTC contract Services OTC contract Services life stage life cycle 3. Servicing (tri-party collateral mgt and reporting 4. Repo services 5. Termination Collateral level calculation Collateral haircut Calculation Collateral identify / optimisation Collateral calls and movement Collateral mark-to-market Asset servicing / corporate actions Basic client reporting Basic regulatory reporting Advanced client reporting Advanced regulatory reporting Tri-party repo Settlement payment calculation Settlement payment Registration Initial collateral Payment calculation Payment netting Payment Exposure calculation Exposure capture Exposure matching Exposure netting
Scope of the agreement (1/2) -CETIP and Clearstream will cooperate in the area of collateral management for the benefit of the Brazilian market and its participants. -Cooperation will be guided by feedback received from market participants, CVM and the Central Bank. -Step-by-step phased roll-out of service – CETIP and Clearstream agreed on scope of first project phase : - collateralisation of OTC derivative exposures registered at CETIP - exposure calculation as optional feature - CETIP and SELIC assets eligible as collateral - collateral management functions powered by Clearstream - collateral movements will only occur domestically, ie Brazilian jurisdiction - reporting will re-use most of Clearstream s existing reporting facilities (translated into Portuguese). - implementation of phase 1 is scheduled to the beginning of 3Q11
Scope of the agreement (2/2) -Second project phase will be subsequently agreed following requirements and feedback from the market place. -Current ideas include: - inclusion of international assets held at Clearstream - triparty repo service.
In summary … -The external environment has become very volatile. Consequently we are all faced with new situations – both opportunities and threats. The CSD role must change dramatically to react to this new environment … … and the key decision is how best to navigate to your target business and operating model - Very few CSDs have the financial and management means to cope alone with all the changes … … even those that do are well advised to collaborate – leveraging economies of network is faster, cheaper and more efficient than buying economies of scale - CSDs that do not learn to collaborate risk being marginalised Hence why we believe firmly in partnership and interoperability