Presentation on theme: "Classroom Management and Organization Presentation By: Paulette Banks Deborah Dennard Geraldine French."— Presentation transcript:
Classroom Management and Organization Presentation By: Paulette Banks Deborah Dennard Geraldine French
Definition Classroom management is the integration of teacher actions in four areas: 1.Establishing and enforcing rules and procedures, 2.Carrying out disciplinary actions, 3.Maintaining effective teacher and student relationships, and 4.Maintaining an appropriate mental set for management.
Establishing and enforcing rules and procedures is a prerequisite for effective instruction in Pre K-12 classrooms.
Establishing and Enforcing Rules and Procedures Rules and procedures are usually created for the following areas: –G–General expectations of behavior –B–Beginning and ending class –T–Transitions and interruptions –M–Materials and equipment –G–Group work –S–Student-focused and teacher-focused activities
Carrying Out Disciplinary Actions Four categories of disciplinary actions to consider: –R–Reinforcement –P–Punishment –N–No immediate consequences –C–Combined punishment and reinforcement
Reinforcement involves some kind of recognition or reward for positive behavior or removal of negative behavior. Punishment involves some kind of negative consequences for inappropriate behavior.
Carrying Out Disciplinary Actions When providing no immediate consequences a teacher may not offer punishment for inappropriate behavior but does need to provide a reminder when an inappropriate behavior appears imminent. Combined punishment and reinforcement involve recognition or reward in conjunction with consequences for inappropriate behavior.
Carrying Out Disciplinary Actions Research has shown that combined punishment and reinforcement have the highest average of effectiveness.
Carrying Out Disciplinary Actions Research has shown that providing no immediate consequence (positive or negative) has the lowest average of effectiveness. The art of being wise is knowing what to overlook. William James
Teacher and Student Relationships If a teacher has a good relationship with students, then students accept his or her rules, procedures, and disciplinary actions. Positive student-teacher relationships enhance the classroom environment.
Advice from Harry Wong Learning only takes place when students are on task and doing their work, producing the results a teacher wants. Ineffective teachers discipline their students with consequences and punishments, whereas effective teachers manage their students with procedures and routines.
Emotional Objectivity is when a teacher: implements and enforces rules and procedures carries out disciplinary actions cultivates effective relationships with students
Discipline Discipline is only one part of classroom management. You must have a discipline plan that consists of a few rules. If a student breaks a rule, there must be a definite consequence. This consequence is not contingent upon the frustration level of the teacher at the time the rule was broken, but is predetermined as the plan is being devised.
Discipline Handle discipline problems discreetly. Deal with students one on one. Catch students behaving and comment on it. Provide frequent stretch breaks. Avoid power struggles with students.
Discipline Contrary to popular belief, lack of discipline is not the number one problem in the classroom. The lack of structured, well-rehearsed procedures and routines is what causes most discipline problems. Successful teachers have routines and procedures that are clear and their students know what is expected of them. What is your schools discipline plan?
Classroom Organization Tips Greet your students at the door and welcome them daily. Be organized and well-prepared. Plan every minute of your day beforehand. Have some type of clearly marked seating chart to avoid confusion. Make each day of school a success by establishing routines and procedures that set the tone for your well-managed classroom.
Classroom Organization Tips Tell students what you expect, show them how you expect things to be done, practice the procedures with them, and reinforce as necessary.
Final words from Harry Wong If you do not plan, the students will plan for you. Your success can be summed up with the single word PROCEDURES. The effective teacher –d–develops procedures for every possible circumstance, –t–teaches those procedures, –p–practices those procedures, and –e–enforces those procedures.