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EMERGENCY MGT/HOMELAND SECURITY GRADUATE EDUCATION NASPAA OCTOBER 2, 2010 Dr. Christine G. Springer.

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Presentation on theme: "EMERGENCY MGT/HOMELAND SECURITY GRADUATE EDUCATION NASPAA OCTOBER 2, 2010 Dr. Christine G. Springer."— Presentation transcript:

1 EMERGENCY MGT/HOMELAND SECURITY GRADUATE EDUCATION NASPAA OCTOBER 2, 2010 Dr. Christine G. Springer

2 UNLV Program Background Information Offered through UNLV Department of Public Administration - First Graduate Class 2004 Supported by the UNLV Institute for Security Studies 36-Hours of Graduate Programming Completed in 24 months 6 Weekends On-Campus – Remainder On-Line Affordable Tuition with Financial Aid Possible Online Community of Practice and Discussions NPS Certificate Program Leads into Degree –Foundations of Homeland Defense and Security –Multi-Disciplinary Approaches to Homeland Defense and Security –Strategic Planning and Organizational Imperatives –Special Topics in Homeland Defense and Secuirty

3 UNLV Program Background Information ECEM 711 Crisis and Emergency Mgt ECEM 712 Science of Catastrophes ECEM 713 Evolution of Terrorism ECEM 714 Intergovernmental Context ECEM 721 Organizational Leadership ECEM 722 Community Preparedness ECEM 723 Human Conditions ECEM 724 Exercise Design and Resp Plan ECEM 731 Risk and Mitigation ECEM 732 Prevention and Planning ECEM 733 Response and Recovery ECEM 734 Capstone Experience

4 WHO IS CHRISTINE GIBBS SPRINGER? DIRECTOR OF MASTER OF SCIENCE IN EMERGENCY AND CRISIS MANAGEMENT CEO – RED TAPE LIMITED – 1992 (WWW.REDTAPELIMITED.COM) MPA, PH.d, PROFESSOR AT UNLV IN URBAN STUDIES AND PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION FORMER PRESIDENT OF ASPA FORMER DIRECTOR OF INTERGOVT AND COMMUNITY RELATIONS – SALT RIVER PROJECT WHOS WHO INTERNATIONAL NATIONAL ACADEMY OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

5 NASPAA PANEL MEMBERS DR. STAN SUPINSKI –HOMELAND SECURITY CURRICULUM KAY C. GOSS –EMERGENCY MGT CURRICULUM EMILY BENTLEY –HSEM INTEGRATION AND UNDERGRADUATE CORE COMPETENCIES KEITH CLEMENT –FRAMEWORK FOR PA IN NATL HSEM ACCREDITATION

6 EVOLVING EDUCATION AS THE FIELD DEFINES ITSELF CURRICULAR, CULTURAL, STRUCTURAL CHALLENGES CURRICULAR, CULTURAL, STRUCTURAL CHALLENGES TRADITIONAL AND NON-TRADITIONAL ACADEMICS TRADITIONAL AND NON-TRADITIONAL ACADEMICS DIVERSE STUDENTS, FACULTY, INSTITUTIONS DIVERSE STUDENTS, FACULTY, INSTITUTIONS WHAT NEXT? WHAT NEXT?

7 Purpose of The Research: Preliminary Findings Determine How Graduate Education Courses in Emergency Mgt/Homeland Security are Structured Instructional Approach and Instructor Background Program Management Within University and Security Community Challenges Faced Opportunities Ahead

8 EXPLORATORY STUDY Sources of Data Homeland Security Programs Posted on EMI Website (2008) Survey Responses from CHDS and EMI Program Mgrs (2008) Job Advertisements by Universities for Faculty ( )

9 Survey Responses vs. Listed Courses/Degree Programs 14 H.S./25 E.M. Undergraduate 42 H.S./56 E.M. Graduate Programs 3 H.S./8 E.M. Doctoral 8 Certificates 96 Certificates 39 International Security 45 Global Security 36 M.B.A. 36 M.S 36 M.A. 56 M.P.A. 36 Engineering 81 D.B.A.

10 Questions Asked... What Kind of Program? How and When Created? Target Students and Organizations? University Partnership? Housed in Dept,Center or Institute? On-Line or Face-to-Face? Homeland Security Courses or Related? Instructors – How Many and When Hired? Background of Instructors? Key Skills Targeted? What Do Employers Want? Multi-Disciplinary? Accredited? Biggest Challenge?

11 CURRICULAR DIFFERENCES BETWEEN HOMELAND SECURITY AND EMERGENCY MGT The next terrorist disaster could take many forms – from a dam collapse to a biological attack to a nuclear attack...the range of possibilities is so great that a broad approach is necessary. -William L. Waugh Terrorism as Disaster Orientations of hard scientists may differ greatly from humanities or social sciences however, one is not better than the other. -C. P. Snow The Two Cultures

12 CURRICULAR DIFFERENCES BETWEEN HOMELAND SECURITY AND EMERGENCY MGT Intergovernmental Context Course Content Program Placement Within University Defining Disaster Management Paradigm Specialized Degrees and Certificates

13 CONCENTRATIONS IN... HOMELAND SECURITY HAZARD POLICY CRIMINAL JUSTICE SECURITY MANAGEMENT EMERGENCY MGT AEROSPACE SECURITY CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE CRISIS MANAGEMENT BUSINESS CONTINUITY

14 WHAT CORE COMPETENCIES? CRISIS MANAGEMENT AND PREPAREDNESS CRISIS MANAGEMENT AND PREPAREDNESS INTRODUCTION TO HOMELAND SECURITY INTRODUCTION TO HOMELAND SECURITY TERRORISM AND VIOLENCE TERRORISM AND VIOLENCE POLITICS/ECONOMICS POLITICS/ECONOMICS THEORY THEORY HISTORY/PSYCHOLOGY HISTORY/PSYCHOLOGY RESEARCH RESEARCH CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION ASSESSMENT PROTECTION ASSESSMENT LEGAL AND CONSTITUTIONAL ISSUES LEGAL AND CONSTITUTIONAL ISSUES INFORMATION MANAGEMENT INFORMATION MANAGEMENT

15 COMPETENCIES AND SKILLS TAUGHT BY COURSES SURVEYED SUBJECT MATTER KNOWLEDGE, SKILLS ADMINISTRATIVE, MGT AND PUBLIC POLICY TECHNICAL SKILLS, STANDARDS, TOOLS PERSONAL, INTERPERSONAL, POLITICAL

16 EMPLOYER PREFERENCES CORE KNOWLEDGE –BASIC TECHNOLOGY –BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE –COMMUNICATIONS –CRITICAL THINKING –RESOURCE MGT –REAL WORLD EXPERIENCE

17 EMPLOYER PREFERENCES DISCIPLINE SPECIFIC SKILLS –FUNDAMENTALS OF HOMELAND SECURITY –FUNDAMENTALS OF GOVT –BUSINESS PRINCIPLES –CRIMINAL JUSTICE –LAW ENFORCEMENT –EMERGENCY MGT –NATL DEF AND INTELLIGENCE –RISK MGT –INTERNATIONAL CONSIDERATIONS

18 Questions Asked of 300 MANAGERS IN EACH FIELD What Core Competency? What Core Competency? Leadership and Team Building Experience Operate Within Socio-Political Framework Mastery of Emergency Mgt. Functions Characteristics of Successful Emergency Managers? Characteristics of Successful Emergency Managers? Inspire Confidence Aware and Knowledgeable Build Teams Work Within the Bureaucracy

19 MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES COMMUNICATION SUPERVISION COMPLIANCE WITH REGULATORY AND FIDUCIARY OBLIGATIONS STRUCTURE MORE IMPORTANT TO FEDERAL SHARED LEADERSHIP MORE IMPORTANT TO STATE AND LOCAL

20 HOW DO STATE AND LOCAL LEADERS DIFFER FROM FEDERAL? STATE/LOCAL STATE/LOCAL COMPETENCE LEADING WITHIN BUREAUCRACY TRUSTWORTHINESS DYNAMISM FEDERAL FEDERAL PROFESSIONALISM TECHNICAL ACUMEN FRAMING A VISION CHALLENGING STATUS QUO

21 SIX CHALLENGES NOTED IN GRADUATE EDUCATION Courses Core Electives Methods Students Target Market Partner Orgs Course Offerings Traditional University Community Emergency Management Structure Location Technology Teaching Method Homeland Security

22 TWO CONTRASTING IMAGES Carol Cwiak DEFINITION (2007) –MANAGERIAL FUNCTION CHARGED WITH CREATING THE FRAMEWORK WITHIN WHICH COMMUNIITIES REDUCE VULNERABILITY TO HAZARDS AND COPE WITH DISASTER COMMENT (2007) –THE IDEA OF GUIDING PRINCIPLES SUGGESTS A PROFESSIONAL CONSISTENCY THAT DOES NOT EXIST.

23 SIX CHALLENGES NOTED IN GRADUATE EDUCATION Funding Consistent Institutional Support Grant Credibility Non- Traditional Multi- Disciplinary Traditional University Community Emergency Management Teachers Adjunct Diverse Flexible Homeland Security

24 Defining Program Status Most students choose to focus on emergency management not homeland security. I cant expand our offering because I cant get the department to hire another faculty member with expertise or interest. We are trying to hire a new professor with GIS expertise but they are expected to focus on economic development not homeland security. Most of our students are in a certificate, MPA, Policy, Public Health, Geography, Criminal Justice or Ph.D. students from political science and public policy. Program Managers Response

25 On-Line vs Face-to-Face Instruction More work than a classroom class… You dont have to worry about cheating-I couldnt pay anyone enough to do this…More and better instructor involvement than in a classroom…With my shift schedule this way the only way I could do the class...This course forced me to be involved and to interact - Walter Green Student learning appears to be highest when a course is neither all face-to-face nor all virtual but is instead a mixture of both -Churkovich and Oughtred

26 Opportunities Noted..... PROGRAMS ARE GROWING 1-2 YEARS OLD (56%) DESIRED COURSES OFFERED POLICIES, PLANNING, RESPONSE, COORDINATION FACULTY HIRES INCREASING MOST HAVE RECENTLY HIRED JOB POSTINGS INCREASING MORE ADS IN 2007 THAN 2006 DEMAND FOR COURSES INCREASING ON-LINE INSTRUCTION WORKS FOR STUDENTS PROGRAMS ACCREDITED

27 Analysis and Conclusions Program Diversity Maturation Continues Graduate Degree in Homeland Security Could Mean Many Things Desire for Policy, Planning, Response Coordination Courses

28 Analysis and Conclusions Emerging as an Academic Field Instructional Techniques Favor On- Line Professionals Need to become More Active in Standard Setting + Accreditation Process Programs are Responding to Student and Employer Requirements

29 Directions for Future Research… How To Integrate Emergency Management and Homeland Security Curricula? How To Refine Core Competencies? How To Maintain Relationship with Funding Entities and Also Academic Autonomy? How To Develop Program Credibility Within the University? How To Develop Coherent Courses in a Multidisciplinary Environment? What Core Knowledge and Skills Gained? How To Grow Curriculum in the Future as Disaster Events Deflect Long-Term Consistency?

30 Homeland Security and Emergency Management Graduate Education:What Next? QUESTIONS


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