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Police Organization and Management Chapter #6. Police Mission in U.S. 1. enforce / support _____ 2. investigate _____ 3. apprehend _____ 4. _____ crime.

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Presentation on theme: "Police Organization and Management Chapter #6. Police Mission in U.S. 1. enforce / support _____ 2. investigate _____ 3. apprehend _____ 4. _____ crime."— Presentation transcript:

1 Police Organization and Management Chapter #6

2 Police Mission in U.S. 1. enforce / support _____ 2. investigate _____ 3. apprehend _____ 4. _____ crime 5. ensure ___________ 6. provide community with _____

3 Enforcing law _____% - _____% of all calls to police require a police response Police must respond regardless

4 Crime prevention Proactive Prevention based on _____

5 Crime prevention Compstat: crime analysis & police management based upon crime mapping ________ + ________ + __________ = reduction or lower risk

6 Quality of life issues Broken window theory Weed-and-seed programs

7 Police services 911 – emergency calls 311 – non-emergency calls

8 Preventive patrol Uniformed officers on street: psychological feeling of safety

9 Routine response 2 nd most important function Response time: from dispatch to arrival

10 Emergency response Critical incidences Human life in jeopardy

11 Crime scene Physical area where a crime is __________& __________

12 Crime scene response 1. determine whether a crimes been committed 2. initiate enforcement action 3. gather evidence 4. forensic specialists

13 Problem solving SARA – scanning / analysis / respond / assess

14 Support services Dispatch / training / property control / records / evidence

15 Police management _____ / _____ / coordinating __________

16 Police Organization and Structure Line Operations Field activities or supervisory activities directly related to day- to-day police work Staff Operations Include support roles, such as administration Most police organization is structured along lines of authority.

17 Chain of command Unbroken line of authority that ________________________

18 Span-of-control __________ a ranked officer supervises

19 Historical Eras in American Policing

20 Styles of policing

21 Watchman style Maintain _____ Control _____ behavior Consider using ______ Inner city style Urban areas

22 Legalistic style Enforce the law Ignore quality of life issues

23 Service style Try to meet community needs Helping as opposed to arresting

24 Team policing Assign officers to fixed districts Get to know the community

25 Community policing Police-Community Relations 1. store front police 2. neighborhood watch 3. Project ID 4. Youth fingerprinting At least 1 of 4 of the following 1. community-based crime prevention 2. re-orient police to non-emergency service 3. increase police accountability 4. decentralized command

26 Strategic policing Attacks organized crime:

27 Problem oriented Use social _____ to attack social ______

28 Critique of Community Policing Some criticize community policing, citing problems such as: Too abstract of a concept Hard-to-measure success Difficult to conceptualize and quantify citizen success Not readily accepted by all police officers or managers Difficulty coming to a consensus with regard to whats considered a community problem

29 Impact of terrorism 1. increased federal aid to ______ 2. re-define ______ 3. re-direct patrol to _____ 4. creation of _____ 5. protect people 6. new technology

30 The International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) Approach IACP announced its Taking Command Initiative in They identified five key principles behind an effective homeland security policy. 1.Homeland security proposals must be developed in local context. 2.Prevention is a key part of any strategy. 3.State and local law enforcement can help identify, investigate, and apprehend terrorist suspects. 4.Strategies must be coordinated nationally, not federally. 5.There cannot be a one-size-fits-all approach considering the vast diversity among state and local law enforcement and public safety agencies.

31 Intelligence-led policing Use of intelligence to fight terrorism Criminal intelligence – info compiled / analyzed / disseminated in order to anticipate / prevent / monitor criminal activity

32 The International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) Approach IACP announced its Taking Command Initiative in They identified five key principles behind an effective homeland security policy. 1.Homeland security proposals must be developed in local context. 2.Prevention is a key part of any strategy. 3.State and local law enforcement can help identify, investigate, and apprehend terrorist suspects. 4.Strategies must be coordinated nationally, not federally. 5.There cannot be a one-size-fits-all approach considering the vast diversity among state and local law enforcement and public safety agencies.

33 MATRIX – multi-state anti- terrorism information exchange Exchange of sensitive info b/w federal / state / local Boundary-less policing

34 Discretion = choice Basis of what a police officer does

35 discretion Influences: 1. officers _____ 2. suspects _____ 3. department _____ 4. _____ interest 5. pressure from _____ 6. disagreement with _____

36 Police ethics / accreditation Adhere to the moral duty / obligation that is inherent in police work National standards that include ethical behavior

37 Education / training potrs/site/default.asp

38 Selection process 1. written test 2. oral test 3. personal interview 4. physical agility test 5. medical exam 6. drug testing 7. psychological test

39 Percentage of Local Police Departments Using Various Recruit-Screening Methods, (Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2000)

40 Ethnic & gender diversity 2000 – _____% of officers were non- Caucasian Females ___% - all police jobs ___% - minority females ___% - top command ___% - supervisors ___% - line officers


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