Presentation on theme: "Aviation Safety Management Systems (SMS)"— Presentation transcript:
1Aviation Safety Management Systems (SMS) Aircraft Engineers International Annual CongressBelgrade, September 2006Aviation Safety Management Systems (SMS)Vangelis Demosthenous MSc IEng AMRAeS Human Factors Coordinator
2Presentation Objectives Describe what an SMS isDiscuss why an SMS is neededReview how is SMS handled around the worldIdentify how is it related with other concepts (Quality Assurance, Human Factors)Assist AEI decide if and how to adopt and promote SMS in Aviation.
3What do we, as AEI and individual members, want for the aviation industry? Safe operation and safe working environmentEfficient, effective and financially strong airlines and maintenance organisations
4Aviation industry today When aviation organisations are struggling to survive what happens to the status of safety?
5ICAO Definitions (recently added) Safety Programme. An integrated set of regulations aimed at improving safety. (to be developed by States/Aviation Authorities)Safety Management System. A systematic approach to managing safety, including the necessary organizational structures, accountabilities, policies and procedures. (to be developed by Airlines, Maintenance Organisations, Aerodromes, ATS Providers)
6ICAO Requirements Annex 6: Operation of Aircraft 3.2.4 From 1 January 2009, States shall require, as part of their safety programme, that an operator implements a safety management system acceptable to the State of the operator
7ICAO Requirements Annex 6: Operation of Aircraft 8.7 Approved Maintenance OrganisationFrom 1 January 2009, States shall require, as part of their safety programme, that a maintenance organisation implements a safety management system acceptable to the State of the operator
8A330 Gliding 24 August 2001 Chartered flight : Toronto - Lisbon Emergency Diversion to Terceira (05:45 UTC)ENG 2 flamed out at FL 390 (06:13 UTC)ENG 1 flamed out at FL 345 (06:26 UTC)Glided to Terceira (65 Nm) : 19 minutesTouched down on Rwy 33 (06:45 UTC)293 pax, 13 crew ; 18 minor injuries during evacuation
12Contributing FactorsFuel pipe rupture was caused by mismatch of pre-mod and post-mod hydraulic pump and fuel pipe installationAlthough clearance was achieved during installation, pressurization of hydraulic line forced the tube back to its natural position and eliminated the clearance
16Traditional approach to safety and its limitations Develop regulations on how to design, manufacture, maintain and operate aircraft.Develop systems to ensure these regulations are complied withAviation organisations comply with the regulationsLimitationsBut… can we write a regulation for every potential hazard?So we do not address all hazardsWe just comply with existing regulations
17SMS by Regulators ICAO – Mandatory 2009 Transport Canada – Mandatory 2004CASA Australia - MandatoryUK CAA – Recommendation CAPFAA – Recommendation – June 2006
18The 10 basic steps in implementing a Safety (CASA Australia) 1. Gain senior management commitment.2. Set safety management policies and objectives.3. Appoint a safety officer.4. Set up a safety committee (usually only for large or complex organisations).5. Establish a process to manage risks.6. Set up a reporting system to record hazards, risks and actions taken.7. Train and educate staff.8. Audit your operation and investigate incidents and accidents.9. Set up a system to control documentation and data.10. Evaluate how the system is working.
19Relation of SMS with other Concepts Quality and Safety Management Systems have about 70% in commonSMS uses principles of Human FactorsSMS uses principles of System Safety
20Safety Management System Quality SystemSystem SafetyHuman Factors
23Safety Benefits of SMSSMS provides a structured management system to control risk in operations.It also provides the organizational framework to support a sound safety cultureFAA AC June Introduction to Safety Management Systems for Air Operators
24Business Benefits of SMS Operators in other countries and in other industries who have integrated SMS into their business models report that the added emphasis on process management and continuous improvement benefits them financially as well.FAA AC June Introduction to Safety Management Systems for Air Operators
25SMS Results by SIA Engineering Company (SIAEC) - Singapore
26Benefits - Example Program has been operational for two years H&S major injuries down 20 % over last yearGround damage is down 15 % over last yearSavik Ramkay Director Safety Management SystemSKYSERVICE AIRLINESCanadaFebr 2006
27SMS Benefits - Air Transat Improved employee moraleBenefits in reduced incidents and increased awareness of operationAir Transat has a 72% decrease in irregular operating costs (over $1m per month saved)
29of Air Line Pilots Association (ALPA) Both the business case and the safety case support the benefits of introducing SMSCaptain Rick ClarkeDirector, SMSof Air Line Pilots Association (ALPA)
30Safety Management System enhances airlines’ ability to operate safelyIt breaks down barriers between employer and employeeIt leads to shared values on acceptable levels of risk
31Conclusions SMS will be mandated in our requirements Traditional approach to safety leave significant safety gapsOrganisations report considerable safety and business benefits through SMS implementationAEI should consider adopting and prompting SMS (more on this during the coming workshop)