2Learning from “Natural” Teachers Have good instinctsRemain calm and relaxedBe emotionally “warm”Students do the work (meaning, they are actively engaged)Keep your sense of humorShow that you mean business from Day 1
3Steps to Successful Classroom Management Focus on PreventionWorking the CrowdArrange the ClassroomCreate Independent LearnersRaise ExpectationsBuild Classroom StructureSet LimitsProduce Responsible Behavior
5Prevention… Instruction Mobility and Proximity Learned Helplessness (“Praise, Prompt, Leave”)Visual Modality (have lots of visuals to aid with understanding)Say, See, Do Teaching (Explain, Demonstrate, Students Do)
6Prevention… Motivation Discipline Why Should I? (short term goals, preferred activities as rewards)Excellence and Accountability (reward quality)DisciplineRules and RoutinesMeaning Business (eye contact, body language, voice control
7Working the CrowdGoofing off is directly related to the teacher’s physical distance from the studentEffective teachers make an art of “working the crowd” (eye contact, energy, movement)Mobility and proximity are key tools to classroom management“Disrupt” the impulse to be disruptive
8Red Zone – Close by (8 ft radius), students stop behavior Yellow Zone – About 14 ft. radius; coast is clear when teacher turns his/her backGreen Zone –Go! Teacher not near.
9The longer the students are in the Green Zone, the more likely they are to get off task.
10Arranging the Classroom Remove obstacles to avoid trippingInclude walkwaysAllow for teacher to get to students in the fewest possible stepsRows make for easy cleaning but create barriers for teachersTeacher’s Desk – get it out of the way!
11Creating Independent Learners Wean the “Helpless Handraiser”S: “I don’t know what to do here.”T: “What part don’t you understand?”S: “All of it.”
12Be clear, Be brief, Be gone. Helpless HandraiserBe clear, Be brief, Be gone.
13Raise Expectations Focus on Motivation Manage Productivity (diligence, excellence)Focus on the things you can control (quantity and quality of work)Choose appropriate incentives (be proactive, not reactive)
14Incentives for Diligence A task – things you have to doA preferred activity – things you want to doCriterion of Mastery – how well it is done
15Build Classroom Structure Students can assess the absence of structure very quicklyStudents know if teachers are proactive or reactive, whether they are “pros” or “rookies”Rules are defined by REALITY (what students can actually get away with)Down time is detrimental to a lesson plan
16Build Classroom Structure Structure begins the moment students walk inWell developed routines create positive work environmentsClassroom routines train students to carry out procedures with minimal wasted timeRoutines must be taught and practicedCommunicate with parents
17A note about “Rules” Be careful to avoid too many “Don’ts” Be clear about what are general rules or specific procedures/routinesTeach these procedures (pay now or pay later)Establish standardsReinforce positive behavior
18Setting LimitsBrat Behavior – saying No to children, then giving them what they want if they act out builds brat behavior“No means No”Be consistent
19Kind of Consistent?There are no degrees of consistency. Consistency has only two conditions:You are consistentYou are Inconsistent
20Setting Limits… Keep it positive Stay calm, stay strong (Calm is strength, Upset is weakness)Mean businessFollow throughAdjust as you go
21Recognizing BacktalkThe way to recognize backtalk is by the fact that the student’s mouth is openWhiny backtalkDenialBlame a neighborBlame a teacherCompliment
22Recognizing Backtalk… Non Verbal BacktalkCryPush you asideSidetrackCurve BallsThe Last HurrahThe Cheap Shot
23Producing Responsible Behavior Build CooperationTeach ResponsibilityTurn Problem Students AroundInitiate Preferred Activity Time“Family” approach
24Game PlanFocus on Small Disruptions (they are more costly and big disruptions can grow from small ones)Learn to use Body LanguageKeep it cheap (the “look”)Commit to putting discipline on the front burnerMountains or Mole Hills?
25The Game Plan Commitment and Follow-Through Weenie or Consistent? Signal ClarityMonitor your Physical Response – No mixed messagesEliminate BacktalkSmile
26ResourceJones, Fred. Tools for Teaching. 1st. Fredric H Jones & Associates, Print.