3What is Classroom Management Effective DisciplineBeing prepared for classMotivating your studentsProviding a safe, comfortable learning environmentBuilding your students’ self-esteemBeing creative and imaginative in daily lessons
4Different for everyone…..Why?? Teaching StylesPersonality/AttitudesNot all management strategies are effective for every learnerTry different strategies to see what works best for you!!
5TASKDISCUSS WAYS IN WHICH YOU CAN DESIGN A LESSON FOR STUDENTS WITH A VARIETY OF LEARNING STYLES. WHAT STRATEGIES CAN YOU IMPLEMENT TO TAKE CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT INTO CONSIDERATION? Prepare in groups and then relay to the class
6WHY IS CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT IMPORTANT?? Satisfaction and enjoyment in teaching are dependent on leading students to co-operateClassroom management issues are one of the main concerns of beginning teachers
7Principles for successful classroom management Deal with disruptive behaviour – have a clear code of conductTeach students to manage their own behaviourFocus attention on entire classDirect your instruction so students know what is going to happenMonitor all groups – move around the room so students have to pay attention more readilyMake sure classroom is comfortable and safeOver-plan your lesson so that learning takes placeKeep a steady paceShow confidence in your teachingMake class expectations clear and realistic and stick to themBe consistent – set realistic goalsWork to engage all students
8CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT PRINCIPLES Make a good first impressionCome in with enthusiasm and show that you are excited to be there
9THE TEACHER AS DIRECTOR Sitting behind a desk creates distance between the teacher and learnerGet down to their level when teachingKnow how to work one on one while not turning your back to the class
10DEALING WITH DISRUPTIVE BEHAVIOUR Remain focused and calmRespond decisivelyFollow the school’s policy and proceduresAvoid confrontation
11THE KEY TO GOOD CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT Use consistent, explicit instructions and praise any attempts to communicateSpeak clearly using the normal rhythm and patterns of EnglishUse repetition and non-verbal supportsObserve and interact to ascertain how much the student understandsAllow students time to tune into English – they will understand more English than they can articulateModel correct structures
14WHY USE THE NEW WAY??Students pay more attention and learn better from each other when their performances and processes of negotiation of meaning are more closely adapted to one another’s level of abilityGroup work is especially effective because ESL students are often hesitant to speak in large settings
15SOME CHALLENGES OF CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT Students find it difficult to participate because they don’t want to make a mistakeStudents insist on translating every wordStudents speak in their own languageStudents have varying levels of commitmentStudents insist on translating every phrase into their own language
17TASKDESIGN A PLAN OF STRATEGIES YOU USE TO MOTIVATE STUDENTS IN THE CLASSROOM PRESENT TO THE GROUP
18Motivation in the ESL Classroom Motivation has long been a major problem for most teachers of English as a Second Language (ESL) or as a foreign language .Motivation in the ESL/EFL classroom is easily one of the most important factors as most of our students have low motivation to learn English. In addition to that, while most of them have a vague sense that "English will be useful for my future," they don't have a clear idea of what that means, nor is that a very strong motivator; it's too vague and too far off.
19First step in tackling motivation problem: teachers need to understand and appreciate the role of motivation in language learning. According to William Littlewood (1987:53): “…motivation is the critical force which determines whether a learner embarks on a task at all, how much energy he devotes to it, and how long he perseveres. It is a complex phenomenon and includes many components: the individual’s drive, need for achievement and success, curiosity, desire for stimulation and new experience, and so on. These factors play a role in every kind of learning situation.”
20Principle Ways of Motivating Students in the Classroom Use Pair-Work or Group-Work appropriately. Language is best learned through close collaboration and communication among learners. Learners can assist each other during tasks such as writing, dialogues, role plays etc… Some students find it less stressful to learn from their peers than their teacher. Communicative language teaching requires a sense of community and an environment of trust and mutual confidence which “pair work” or “group work” can provide.
21Provide some “friendly” competition Provide some “friendly” competition. Adults like to compete as much as teenagers (sometimes more!!).QuizzesGames (Stop The Bus/Pictionary/Taboo/CharadesCater to their skills and exploit their talentsIntegrate technology into the classroom: Web-quests - an online, inquiry-based activity where students are required to search for specific information within links provided by the teacher, and then produce a report or a PowerPoint presentation
22The Seating Of The Students: determines the dynamics of the lesson – a simple change in seating pattern can make an incredible difference to group coherence. Keep the following in mind:Maximise eye contact (teacher to student and student to student)Ensure students are seated at a comfortable distance between each other but also ensure that no students are isolatedThink in advance about how you will organise changing partners or changing groups
23Role-Play: This is another technique to vary the pace of the lesson and to respond to the fundamental notion of variety in teaching. Teachers are advised to use the role- play activity in order to motivate their students and to help the less motivated learners take part in the lesson. Besides, certain tasks in the student’s book are followed by a role- play activity where it becomes a necessity to undergo such an activity. As good examples of that we can state the obvious examples of dramatizing an interview of customer and shop assistant, doctor and patient conversation, etc..Also… phrasal verbs () – students prepare a role-play using the verbs that they have learned – highly motivating!! ()
24Use Realia and Flash Cards: Realia is an authentic material that helps the teacher to overcome classroom artificialitySongs: An excellent medium to heighten motivation in the classroom – grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation and community building can all be taught. Teachers can elicit students’ ideas about the song through activities such as prediction, mind maps, word splashes etc… Students discuss questions such as the feelings in the song, what will happen next, etc… and write their responses in an interesting manner. Students may write and present how the song makes them feel and then draw a picture of their feelings while listening to the song. Teachers respond to this presentation and ask questions. Then, feedback is provided from the group.
25Strategies for success Little compliments along the wayReinforce accomplishmentsMake it a game“How many can you get done in 5 minutes?Play the game with childRole reversalFocus on end resultWhat is the student’s goal?Address motivation directly
26Helpful hints Give a choice whenever possible Use the foundation of your relationshipBe creativeInsist on responsibilityWarn them of the consequences of their behaviour
27“If you want to build a ship, don’t drum up the people to gather wood, divide the work and give orders. Instead teach them to yearn for the endless immensityof the sea”— Antoine de Saint-Exupery
28THANK YOU FOR YOUR TIME. DO YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS??