Presentation on theme: "Coordinated Management of Meaning"— Presentation transcript:
1Coordinated Management of Meaning Genevieve Carlson
2Coordinated Management of Meaning: The Long Definition “Pearce and Cronen’s coordinated management of meaning: Persons-in-conversation co-construct their own social realities and are simultaneously shaped by the worlds they create. They can achieve coherence through common interpretation of their stories told. They can achieve coordination by messing their stories lived. Dialogic communication, which is learnable, teachable, and contagious, improves the quality of life for everyone.(Griffin, A-1)”
3Coordinated Management of Meaning: The Short Definition Every conversation has an afterlife. Tomorrow’s social reality is the afterlife of how we interact today.Questions We Should Be Asking…What are we making together?How are we making it?How can we make better social worlds?(Griffin, 67)
4Coordinated Management of Meaning Introduced in 1978 by W. Barnett Pearce & Vernon CronenInterpretive theoryCritical theory or a theory with a critical edgePractical theory
5CMM as a Practical Theory Offers tools to improve communicationUnderstand flawed patters on conversationIdentify critical moments of conversationSuggests ways to talk to make a better social environment(Griffin, 67-8)
6CMM as a Practical Theory Strange LoopAn unwanted repetitive communication patternFigure 6-1 Griffin, 68 Courtesy of W. Barnett Pearce
7CMM as a Practical Theory What are other examples of a strange loop?How can this be put to practical use?
8CMM as a Practical Theory Strange Loop: Used in therapy
9CMM as a Practical Theory MediationQuestions to ask: why did we come to mediation, what stories are presented about relationships and others, how does that construct one’s identity, do cultural narratives come into play?Helps describe the reflexive process of action and interpretation that people are co-constructing.(Griffin, 69)
10CMM as a Practical Theory Dialogic CommunicationConversation in which people speak in a manner that makes others want to listen, and listen in a way that makes them want to speak.Talking through the issues: Example- racial tension in small towns, open forums with facilitators, transform social environment based on the communication that took place at the open forums.(Griffin, 60-70)
11CMM as an Interpretative Theory Social Constructionist:Language theorist who believe that persons in conversations co-construct their own social realities and are simultaneously shaped by the worlds they create.M.C. Escher’s Bond of Union
12CMM as an Interpretative Theory Social Constructionists:The experience of persons-in-conversation is the primary social process of human life.Communication isn’t just a tool, communication literally forms who people are and forms a relationship.
13CMM as an Interpretative Theory Social Constructionists:2. The way people communicate is often more important than the content of what they say.Logical force: the moral pressure or sense of obligation a person feels to respond in a given way to what someone else has just said or done- “I had no choice.”Examples?
14CMM as an Interpretative Theory Social Constructionists:3. The actions of persons-in-conversation are reflexively reproduced as the interaction continues.Reflexivity: the process by which the effects of our words and actions on others bounce back and affect us.“What are we making together?”(Griffin, 72)
15CMM as an Interpretative Theory Social Constructionists: 4. As social constructionists, CMM researchers see themselves as curious participants in a pluralistic world.
16CMM as an Interpretative Theory GROUP ACTIVITY!Get into groups of 3-4 peopleWhile having a casual conversation about any of the given topics below be aware of how the four ideas of Social Constructionist plays a part of the conversation.1. How does communication form who you are and your relationships with those around you?2. How were you communicating? Were you a victim of logical force?3. How did reflexivity effect your conversation?4. Where you a participant in the story being created?TOPICSBest/Worst Restaurant Best TV Show Best Music GenreBest/Worst Sports Team Obama vs Romney Evolution
17CMM as an Interpretive Theory Management of meanings: we’re obliged to adjust our stories told to fit the realities of our stories lived and vice versaStories lived are co-constructed actions that we perform with othersStories told are the narratives that we use to make sense of stories lived(Griffin, 73)
18CMM as an Interpretive Theory Hierarchy of Meaning:A rank order of relative significance of contexts-episode, relationship, identity, and culture- that encompass a given story as an aid interpretation.Every story is embedded within multiple contexts, or frames.Speech Act: any verbal or nonverbal message as part of an interaction; the basic building blocks of the social universe people create; threats, promises, insults, compliments, etc.(Griffin, 74)
19CMM as an Interpretive Theory Hierarchy of Meaning
20CMM as an Interpretive Theory EPISODEA “nounable” sequence of speech acts with a beginning and an end that are held together by story; an argument, interview, wedding, mediation, etc. (Griffin, 75)RelationshipA connection, association, or involvement.
21CMM as an Interpretive Theory IdentityThe condition of staying oneself, and not another.Condition or character as to who a person or what a thing is.CultureDescribes webs of shared meanings and values. (Griffin, 75)
22CMM as an Interpretive Theory The ranking order of relative significance of these contexts will change from person to person, from situation to situation.Identity may be the most important overarching context in one person’s modes of communication whereas personal relationships might be more important to someone else.
23CMM AS AN INTERPRETIVE THEORY Coordination: The process by which persons collaborate in an attempt to bring into being their vision of what is necessary, noble and good and to preclude the enactment of what they fear, hate, or despise.Coordination takes place when we fit our stories lived into the stories lived by others in a way that makes life better
24CMM AS A CRITICAL THEORY The critical edge of CMM separates communication styles that are harmful form those that are helpfulCMM reminds us that communication has the power to create a social universe of alienation, anger, and malice- or one of community, tolerance, and generosity.(Griffin, 78)
25CMM AS A CRITICAL THEORY Cosmopolitan communication: Coordination with others who have different backgrounds, values, and beliefs without trying to change them.Why is this important in today’s world?(Griffin, 78-9)
26CMM AS A CRITICAL THEORY Narrow RidgeA metaphor of I-Thou living in the dialogic tension between ethical relativism and rigid absolutism; standing your own ground while being profoundly open to the other.“On the far side of the subjective, on this side of the objective, on the narrow ridge, where I and Thou meet, there is the realm of the Between”(Griffin, 79)
27An Interpretive Theory A Critical TheoryA Practical TheoryCritique
28An Interpretive theory Lack of clarity has limited CMM’s aesthetic appeal and has a reputation of being a confusing mix of ideas that are hard to pin down.
29An Critical theoryDepending on the definition of critical theory will depend on if CMM really qualifies. CMM makes clear value judgments about communication patterns but doesn’t unmask how communication can perpetuate the unjust power imbalances in society. CMM still has a critical edge to it which shouldn’t be excluded.(Griffin, 80)
30An Practical theoryCMM tools are put into practical use by therapists, mediators, teachers and consultants who have reported positive improvements in their fields by following CMM guidelines. However, there is still more research to be done. CMM is commonly used alongside other forms of communication theory as well.CMM is not very user friendly- cut and dry, step by step which makes its practicality diminish.(Griffin, 80)