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CONCEPTS IN DISASTER MANAGEMENT ACEC YASHADA. CONCEPTS IN DISASTER MANAGEMENT LET US UNDERSTAND THE CONCEPTS BEFORE WE START STUDYING DISASTER MANAGEMENT.

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Presentation on theme: "CONCEPTS IN DISASTER MANAGEMENT ACEC YASHADA. CONCEPTS IN DISASTER MANAGEMENT LET US UNDERSTAND THE CONCEPTS BEFORE WE START STUDYING DISASTER MANAGEMENT."— Presentation transcript:

1 CONCEPTS IN DISASTER MANAGEMENT ACEC YASHADA

2 CONCEPTS IN DISASTER MANAGEMENT LET US UNDERSTAND THE CONCEPTS BEFORE WE START STUDYING DISASTER MANAGEMENT WE NEED TO UNDERSTAND THE NATIONAL VISION AS WELL AS THE PARADIGM SHIFT IN THE FIELD THE INSTITUTIONAL MECHANISM ALSO NEEDS TO BE UNDERSTOOD

3 3 TERMINOLOGY DISASTER … A SERIOUS DISRUPTION OF THE FUNCTIONING OF A SOCIETY, CAUSING WIDESPREAD HUMAN, MATERIAL, OR ENVIRONMENTAL LOSSES WHICH EXCEED THE ABILITY OF THE AFFECTED SOCIETY TO COPE USING ITS OWN RESOURCES.

4 4 DISASTER MANAGEMENT A PLANNED APPROACH FOR THE PREVENTION OF DISASTER, PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE TO DISASTERS, AND RECOVERY FOLLOWING DISASTERS.

5 5 WHY DISASTER MANAGEMENT ? TO MINIMIZE DEATHS AND LOSSES. MINIMUM LEVEL OF PREPAREDNESS & PLANNING CAN DO IT. WITHOUT IDENTIFICATION OF RISK & VULNERABILITY, ONLY KNOWLEDGE OF HAZARDS IS OF NO USE NORMAL PROCEDURES ARE INSUFFICIENT TO HANDLE GRAVE SITUATIONS.

6 Definitions Risk is defined as the frequency of an event happening and its impact A Hazard is a physical or human-made event that can potentially trigger a disaster. Vulnerability is Susceptibility to harm of those at risk Capacities are the qualities & resources of community ( or individual) to … anticipate, cope with, resist & recover from the impact of hazards

7 Risk H = Hazards - Potentiality of a physical event that may cause loss of life or property R = Risks - Probability of harmful consequences or losses V = Vulnerabilities - Factors or processes - physical, social, economic, and environmental - which increase susceptibility of an area or a community to damage and lossC = Capacities - Strengths and resources available within a community, society or organization that can reduce the level of risk, or the effects of a disaster. H x V ÷ C =

8 8 HAZARDSHAZARDS VIOLENCE BASED War, Armed Conflict, Physical Assaults etc. NATURE BASED Earthquakes, Droughts, Floods, Cyclones etc. FAILING INDUSTRIALLIZED SOCIETY BASED Fire, Gas leakage, Transport Collisions etc. DETERIORATION BASED Environmental Degradation, Declining Health, Education & other Social services.

9 Risk Analysis Vulnerability Assessment & Analysis Hazard Assessment & Analysis Information, Interpretation Awareness Generation Early Warning Prevention Mitigation Preparedness

10 Risk Identification Risk Analysis Risk Evaluation Hazard, Vulnerability Capacity Assessment Consequences & Likelihood – hence level of the Risk Nature of Impact on Elements at Risk Range of potential losses & damages & how these could occur Assessment of capacities & Resources Risk Prioritization & Decision Making 1.Ranking of most vulnerable Communities 2.Make decision about strategies to be followed R = H X V / C

11 Mitigation Measures Preventive Measures HAZARD Prevention & Mitigation Measures

12 12 VULNERABLITY Vul. To Hazard % of Area Earthquake57% Droughts68% Cyclones08% Floods12%

13 13 TYPES OF DISASTERS SUB GROUP I WATER & CLIMATE RELATED DISASTERS FLOODS & DRAINAGE MGT., CYCLONES, TORNADOES & HURRICANES, HAILSTORM, CLOUD BURST, HEAT WAVE & COLD WAVE, SNOW AVALANCHES, DROUGHTS, SEA EROSION AND THUNDER & LIGHTNING. SUB GROUP II GEOLOGICALLY RELATED DISASTERS LANDSLIDES, MUDFLOWS, EARTHQUAKES, DAM FAILURES / DAM BURSTS AND MINE FIRES. SUB GROUP III CHEMICAL, INDUS., & NUCLEAR RELATED DISASTER THE CHEMICAL AND INDUSTRIAL & NUCLEAR DISASTERS HAVE BEEN INCLUDED.

14 14 TYPES OF DISASTERS (CONTD…) SUB GROUP IVACCIDENT RELATED DISASTERS FOREST / URBAN FIRES, MINE FLOODING, OIL SPILL, MAJOR BLDG. COLLAPSE, SERIAL BOMB BLASTS ETC. SUB GROUP VBIOLOGICALLY RELATED DISASTERS BIOLOGICAL DISASTER & EPIDEMICS, PEST ATTACKS, CATTLE EPIDEMICS & FOOD POISONING ETC.

15 15 Major Phases of Disaster Management Cycle. Disaster impact Response Recovery Development Preparedness Mitigation Prevention

16 DM CONTINUUM

17 EXPAND – CONTRACT MODEL OF DM

18 18 Causal Factors of Disaster DISASTER Lack of Information Poverty Population Growth Rapid Urbanization Environmentall Degradation

19 19 POVERTY LACK OF RESOURCE BASES, SUPPORT SYSTEM, INSURANCE OPPORTUNITIES

20 20 LACK OF INFORMATION CENTRALIZED INFORMATION IS HELPFUL ONLY FOR A CERTAIN RANGE OF THE POPULATION, PARTICULARLY GOVERNMENT. LACK OF KNOWLEDGE IN EVACUATION, FIRST AID, RESCUE ETC.

21 21 ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION DESTRUCTION OF MANGROVE SWAMPS IN COASTAL AREAS. CONSTRUCTION OF HUGE DAMS DESTRUCTING VAST AREA OF FOREST.

22 22 RAPID URBANISATION EVERYBODY WANTS TO SETTLE IN URBAN AREA. HIGH RATES CANT ACCOMMODATE EVERY CLASS OF PEOPLE. IT RESULTS IN GROWTH OF SLUMS, UNPLANNED CONSTRUCTION WITHOUT REGULATIONS.

23 23 POPULATION GROWTH EFFECT ON THE PEOPLE LIVING IN CROWDED AREAS.

24 PARADIGM SHIFT IN DISASTER MANAGEMENT RESPONSE RELIEF REHABILITATION RECONSTRUCTION CRISISMANAGEMENTCRISISMANAGEMENT PREPAREDNESS MITIGATION PREVENTION DEVELOPMENT RISKMANAGEMENTRISKMANAGEMENT DISASTERS

25 NATIONAL VISION TO BUILD A SAFER AND DISASTER RESILIENT INDIA BY DEVELOPING A HOLISTIC, PROACTIVE, MULTI DISASTER AND TECHNOLOGY DRIVEN STRATEGY FOR DISASTER MANAGEMENT THROUGH COLLECTIVE EFFORTS OF ALL GOVERNMENT AGENCIES AND NON GOVERNMENT ORGANISATIONS. SAFER AND DISASTER RESILIENT INDIA HOLISTIC, PROACTIVE, MULTI DISASTER AND TECHNOLOGY DRIVEN STRATEGY COLLECTIVE EFFORTS OF ALL GOVERNMENT AGENCIES AND NON GOVERNMENT ORGANISATIONS SAFER AND DISASTER RESILIENT INDIA HOLISTIC, PROACTIVE, MULTI DISASTER AND TECHNOLOGY DRIVEN STRATEGY COLLECTIVE EFFORTS OF ALL GOVERNMENT AGENCIES AND NON GOVERNMENT ORGANISATIONS

26 NDMA NATIONAL DISASTER MITIGATION RESOURCE CENTRES NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT STRUCTURE MINISTRIES & DEPARTMENTS OF GOVT OF INDIA MHA NATIONAL CRISIS MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT NEC NATIONAL DISASTER RESPONSE FORCE STATE GOVTs SDMAs ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS CORPORATE SECTOR NGOs SCIENTIFIC & TECHNICAL INSTITUTIONS PROFESSIONAL BODIES C O M M U N I T Y DISTTs LOCAL BODIES ARMED FORCES CABINET COMMITTEE ON MANAGEMENT OF NATURAL CALAMITIES GOVT OF INDIA DDMAs CABINET COMMITTEE ON SECURITY

27 DISASTER MANAGEMENT ACT 2005

28 . THE DISASTER MANAGEMENT ACT, 2005 IT WAS ENACTED UNDER THE CONCURRENT LIST OF THE CONSTITUTION OF INDIA THE ACT COMPRISES 79 SECTIONS AND 11 CHAPTERS DEFINES DISASTER AND DISASTER MANAGEMENT IN ITS NEW CONCEPT IT PROVIDES FOR THE PRE-REQUISITE INSTITUTIONAL MECHANISM FOR MONITORING AND IMPLEMENTATION OF PLANS ENSURES MEASURES BY VARIOUS WINGS OF THE GOVERNMENT FOR THE PREVENTION AND MITIGATION OF DISASTERS IN TUNE WITH THE PARADIGM SHIFT, THE STATE GOVERNMENTS HAVE BEEN ADVISED TO AMEND THEIR RELIEF CODES THE ACT PROVIDES FOR A NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY (NDMA) THE STATE GOVERNMENTS SHALL CREATE STATE DISASTER MANAGEMENT AUTHORITIES AND DISTRICT DISASTER MANAGEMENT AUTHORITIES THERE SHALL BE A DISASTER RESPONSE FUND AND DISASTER MITIGATION FUND AT NATIONAL, STATE AND DISTRICT LEVELS

29 SALIENT FEATURES. CHAPTER 1- ( S1-S2)- PRELIMINARY CHAPTER 2- ( S3-S13)- NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY. CHAPTER 3- ( S14-S24) – STATE DISASTER MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY. CHAPTER 4- ( S25-S34) – DISTRICT DISASTER MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY. CHAPTER 5- ( S35-S40) – MEASURES BY THE GOVERNMENT FOR DISASTER MANAGEMENT. CHAPTER 6 - ( S41) – LOCAL AUTHORITIES. CHAPTER 7- (S42- S 43) – NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE. CHAPTER 8- (S44- S 45) – NATIONAL DISASTER RESPONSE FORCE. CHAPTER 9– (S46- S 50) – FINANCE, ACCOUNTS AND AUDIT. CHAPTER 10– (S51- S60) –OFFENCES AND PENALTIES. CHAPTER 11– (S61- S 79) – MISCELLANEOUS

30 PENAL PROVISIONS (SEC 51-60) SECTION 51: PUNISHMENT FOR OBSTRUCTION AND/OR NON- COMPLIANCE OF THE DIRECTIONS GIVEN BY THE CENTRAL / STATE GOVT, NEC, SEC, DDMA: UPTO ONE YEAR IMPRISONMENT OR FINE OR BOTH. IF SUCH OBSTRUCTION RESULTS IN LOSS OF LIVES OR IMMINENT DANGER THEREOF : IMPRISONMENT MAY EXTEND TO TWO YEARS.

31 PUNISHMENT FOR FALSE CLAIM FOR OBTAINING RELIEF, ASSISTANCE ETC. SECTION 52: TWO YEARS IMPRISONMENT WITH FINE.

32 PUNISHMENT FOR MISAPPOPRIATION OF MONEY OR MATERIALS SECTION 53: TWO YEARS IMPRISONMENT AND FINE.

33 PUNISHMENT FOR FALSE WARNING SECTION 54: ONE YEAR IMPRISONMENT OR FINE.

34 OFFENCES BY DEPARTMENTS OF THE GOVERNMENT SECTION 55: IN CASE OF AN OFFENCE BY THE GOVT DEPARTMENT, THE HEAD OF THE DEPARTMENT TO BE HELD GUILTY UNLESS HE PROVES OTHERWISE ANY OTHER OFFICER FOUND GUILTY TO BE PROCEEDED AGAINST AND PUNISHED

35 REFUSAL TO PERFORM ANY DUTY BY ANY GOVT. OFFICER SECTION 56: ONE YEAR IMPRISONMENT OR FINE.

36 PENALTY FOR CONTRAVENTION OF ANY ORDER OF REQUISITIONING SECTION 57: ONE YEAR IMPRISONMENT OR FINE OR BOTH

37 37 Thanks!


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