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Presented by: Xxx Xxxxxx November 2012. Objectives Describe the safety and health management program to include elements, job roles, and steps to set.

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Presentation on theme: "Presented by: Xxx Xxxxxx November 2012. Objectives Describe the safety and health management program to include elements, job roles, and steps to set."— Presentation transcript:

1 Presented by: Xxx Xxxxxx November 2012

2 Objectives Describe the safety and health management program to include elements, job roles, and steps to set up a program. Discuss elements of a safety and health management program Explain benefits of a management/ employee team approach Conduct a job/task hazard analysis Present analysis to class 2

3 Fatality and Injury 3 Workplace fatalities reduced by more than 65 % since deaths/day in 1970 to 13/day in ,870 deaths vs. 4,960 deaths Occupational injury and illness rates have declined by 67% while U.S. employment has almost doubled Worker injuries and illnesses are down from 10.9 incidents per 100 workers in 1972 to fewer than 4 per 100 in 2010.

4 Safety and Health Management 4

5 Accidents and Near Misses Accidents Fatal Facts FACE Reports Weekly Fatality Reports Company Records Personal experience Near Misses Personal experience 5

6 Causes/Case Studies Use one relevant cast study from OSHAs Fatal Facts 6

7 Safety Pays 7

8 8

9 9 Cost to Company – bottom line https://www.osha.gov/dcsp/smallbusiness/sa fetypays/estimator.html https://www.osha.gov/dcsp/smallbusiness/sa fetypays/estimator.html

10 Safety Pays Data

11 Safety Pays Basic Estimator This is the basic look of the estimator.

12 Safety Pays User Friendly Sample illness/injury type: Amputation Black lung Fracture Inflammation Strain *many more Drop down menu for illness/injury type Profit margin % # of incidents

13 Safety Pays Utilization This it the % of profit 1. Once the illness/injury type is selected from the drop-down menu, the actual cost is entered or 2. the profit %, 3. followed by the number of incidents for a given period of time-press Add/Calculate

14 Safety and Health Management Program 14

15 What is a S & H Management Program? The S&H Management Program is the employers method for preventing injuries and illnesses to employees 15

16 What Makes Up Such a Program? Identify the hazards Control or prevent the hazards Identify potential hazards Teach employees to do all of the above 16

17 Safety & Health Program Elements 17

18 Develop and communicate a safety and health policy to all employees. Demonstrate management commitment by: instilling accountability for safety and health, obeying safety rules and reviewing accident reports. Other Conduct regular safety and health meetings involving employees, managers and supervisors. Assign responsible person(s) to coordinate safety and health activities and provide resources to accomplish the program goals.. Integrate safety and health into business practices (e.g., purchases, contracts, design and development). Involve employees in safety and health related activities (e.g., self- inspections, accident investigations and developing safe practices). Recognize employees for safe and healthful work practices. Management Commitment and Employee Involvement

19 Evaluate all workplace activities and processes for Safety & Health hazards. Reevaluate workplace activities when there are changes in: Processes or worksite Materials Machinery Conduct on-site inspections, identify hazards and take corrective actions. Provide a hazard reporting system for employees to report unsafe and unhealthful conditions. Investigate all accidents and near misses to determine their root causes. Worksite Analysis

20 Hierarchy of Controls Hazard Prevention and Control 20 Engineering Administrative PPE

21 Eliminate and control workplace hazards (e.g., engineering controls, workstation design and work practices). Establish a preventive maintenance program. Keep employees informed of safety and health activities and conditions. Plan for emergencies (e.g., create an evacuation plan, train employees and conduct fire drills). Record and analyze occupational injuries and illnesses near misses/hits. Hazard Prevention and Control

22 Engineering meaning Administrative meaning PPE meaning

23 Safety and Health Training 23

24 Safety & Health Training 24 Provide training on specific safe work practices before an employee begins work. Provide additional training for new work processes and when accidents and near misses/hit occur. Provide refresher training on a routine basis.

25 Think back to Intro to OSHA module and the origin of the regulations. It follows the S&H Management Guidelines: Why OSHA exists. OSHA Mission. Why is regulation development necessary? The regulations are really grouped by hazards and work settings and each works thru ID of specific hazards. Most regulations provide programs to address the hazards. Who benefits from safety and health management program development? Many employers fail to incorporate sustainable, effective, comprehensive safety and health management. Many regulations specify some sort of training Think Tank

26 Worksite Analysis 26

27 Worksite Analysis Team approach – Management/Safety Manager – Line Supervisor/Forman – Employees Why? 27

28 Worksite Analysis Set area to be analyzed – How do you start? – What do you do? – What do you look for? 28

29 Worksite Analysis Information Recordkeeping Accident & Near Miss Investigations Checklists (see handout package) Walkthrough Personal knowledge Future plans Based on the information above you will settle on a particular area in priority (most to least hazardous) 29

30 Worksite Analysis Job/Task Hazard Analysis Within each hazardous area there may be one or many tasks or jobs going on pick one at a time and analyze: What is the task? How is the task done? Overall flow Number of people Individual steps Hazards with each step Where can something go wrong? Changes that may occur that would modify the above? 30

31 Worksite Analysis Job/Task Hazard Analysis MAKE TOAST Sequence of Basic Job StepsPotential HazardsRecommended Action or Procedure

32 Worksite Analysis Job/Task Hazard Analysis MAKE TOAST Sequence of Basic Job StepsPotential HazardsRecommended Action or Procedure 1. Prepare toaster 2. Ensure power supply 3. Ensure sanitary working conditions 4. Retrieve the bread 5. Insert the bread into slot 6. Adjust toast darkness 7. Depress toaster lever 8. Monitor the toasting process 9. Remove toast 10. Serve toast

33 Worksite Analysis Job/Task Hazard Analysis MAKE TOAST Sequence of Basic Job StepsPotential HazardsRecommended Action or Procedure 1. Prepare toaster1. Toaster is not readily accessible 2. Ensure power supply2. Electrical shock 3. Ensure sanitary working conditions3. Unsanitized hands 4. Retrieve the bread4. Personal safety & ? 5. Insert the bread into slot5. Improper bread insertion 6. Adjust toast darkness6. Overtoasting (burning toast) 7. Depress toaster lever7. Pinch hazard 8. Monitor the toasting process8. Burn & fire hazards 9. Remove toast9. Burn 10. Serve toast10. Obstacles to the dining table

34 Worksite Analysis Job/Task Hazard Analysis MAKE TOAST Sequence of Basic Job StepsPotential HazardsRecommended Action or Procedure 1. Prepare toaster1. Toaster is not readily accessible 1. If necessary: remove cover, place on counter, pull away for obstructions; i.e. away from the sink - away from the wall - not too close to the edge of the counter 2. Ensure power supply2. Electrical shock2. If necessary seek technical assistance: ensure dry hands & working surface (dry hands & surface) - inspect the break slots (remove foreign objects) ensure complete connection of the plug into outlet 3. Ensure sanitary working conditions 3. Unsanitized hands3. Ensure hand washing with appropriate soap & dry completely 4. Retrieve the bread4. Personal safety & ?4. Ensure safety work area - proper footing - proper body movement (don't overextend) 5. Insert the bread into slot 5. Improper bread insertion5. Ensure 1 bread slice per slot - standard/normal break shapes & sizes (sandwich slice only) - use extreme caution when toasting specialty or pastry breads 6. Adjust toast darkness6. Overtoasting (burning toast)6. Monitor toasting process 7. Depress toaster lever7. Pinch hazard7. Gently depress lever until it locks 8. Monitor the toasting process 8. Burn & fire hazards8. Burn hazards - do not touch the toaster or hold any object over the slots. Fire hazard - do not cover toaster or add anything to the toasting process 9. Remove toast9. Burn9. Ensure toast is cool enough to touch (may require waiting)- do not remove with fork/knife 10. Serve toast10. Obstacles to the dining table10. Care should be used for moving to the eating area

35 Worksite Analysis 35 Evaluate all workplace activities and processes for hazards. Reevaluate workplace activities when there are changes in: Processes Materials Machinery Conduct on-site inspections, identify hazards and take corrective actions. Provide a hazard reporting system for employees to report unsafe and unhealthful conditions. Investigate all accidents and near misses to determine their root causes.

36 Worksite Analysis Job/Task Hazard Analysis Teams – Safety – Supervisor – Employee Handout package Exercise 36

37 Worksite Analysis Job/Task Hazard Analysis Team report (presentation to class) will consist of: – List of the job steps – List H & S hazards at each step – Provide recommendations to make that step safe – Any other recommendations (e.g. engineering, work practice, etc.) – Team will develop a job safety checklist 37

38 Hazard Prevention & Control Eliminate and control workplace hazards (e.g., engineering controls, workstation design and work practices). Establish a preventive maintenance program. Keep employees informed of safety and health activities and conditions. Plan for emergencies (e.g., create an evacuation plan, train employees and conduct fire drills). Record and analyze occupational injuries and illnesses. 38

39 Hazard Prevention & Control Provide training on specific safe work practices before an employee begins work Provide additional training for new work processes and when accidents and near misses occur Provide refresher training on a routine basis 39

40 Summary/Recap 40 Think back to intro to Intro to OSHA module and the regulations. It follows the S&H Management Guidelines: Why OSHA is there. OSHA Mission The regulations are really grouped by hazards and each works thru ID of specific hazards. Most provide programs to address the hazards Many specify some sort of training What is YOUR role in the safety and health management system?


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