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MSE 401 Group #1 James Hunter Kevin Manocheri Seokki Lee Meshal Alansari Khaled Alturkey Naif Alolaiwi.

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Presentation on theme: "MSE 401 Group #1 James Hunter Kevin Manocheri Seokki Lee Meshal Alansari Khaled Alturkey Naif Alolaiwi."— Presentation transcript:

1 MSE 401 Group #1 James Hunter Kevin Manocheri Seokki Lee Meshal Alansari Khaled Alturkey Naif Alolaiwi

2 What is Concurrent Engineering What is Project Management WalMart's Implementation of CE Boeing Conclusion James Hunter

3 Concurrent Engineering (CE) is a systematic approach to integrated product development that emphasizes the response to customer expectations. It embodies team values of co-operation, trust and sharing in such a manner that decision making is by consensus, involving all perspectives in parallel, from the beginning of the product life cycle. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Concurrent_Engineering)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Concurrent_Engineering James Hunter

4 CE is also known as Simultaneous Engineering or Integrated Product Development CE is relatively new (Last 25 years) Institute for Defense Analysis (IDA) Replaces tradition Waterfall method CE was designed to for the Product Development Stage Optimizes engineering design cycles CE is a long term Strategy Any successful organization, now, must implement Concurrent Engineering. Most apparent in the Aerospace Industry James Hunter

5 Advantages : Integrated Project Management (IPM) Integrated Project Teams (IPT) Optimizes Engineering Design Cycles Information Sharing Reduces Costs (Long Term) Maximized Quality (200%-600%) Reduces Development Time (30%- 70%) Reduces Design Rework (65%-90%) James Hunter Disadvantages/Challenges Large Upfront Investment Implementation of Early Design Reviews Dependency on Efficient Communication Software Compatibility Need for Computer Modeling Organizational and Cultural Changes (Anchor draggers)

6 Project management is the discipline of planning, organizing, securing, managing, leading, and controlling resources to achieve specific goals. A project is a temporary endeavor with a defined beginning and end (usually time-constrained, and often constrained by funding or deliverables), undertaken to meet unique goals and objectives, typically to bring about beneficial change or added value. Kevin Manocheri

7 In 1950s Project management initiated on the construction and defense project when there was more need for it. Henry Gantt and Henri Fayol are known as the fathers of project management. Gantt for creating scheduling and Fayol for introducing the 5 concepts of managerial functions. Project management is a technique to control the time, cost, quality and overall scope of the project. Key metrics of project management are time cost, performance objective. Project managements most usable tools are Gantt chart, PERT, (program, evaluation review technique), CPM (critical path method), risk Management, and network Diagram. Kevin Manocheri

8 Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) CPM/PERT Gantt Chart Organization Assessment IOM Check List Kevin Manocheri

9 Advantages : Better efficiency in delivering services Improved and enhanced customer satisfaction Improved growth and development within the team Greater competitive edge Better flexibility Increased risk assessment Provides a plan to follow Disadvantage: If its implemented correctly there is no disadvantage. Kevin Manocheri

10 With out descent project management concurrent engineering would not be applicable. Project Management is a Derivative of CE. Need PM to implement CE successfully. Kevin Manocheri

11 Founded year : 1962 Founder : Sam Walton World`s third largest corporation by Fortune 500 Largest retailer in the world Over 2 million employees Success in most countries Unsuccessful in South Korea Seokki Lee

12 Arrival in South Korea : July, stores in South Korea (only 1 in Seoul)Loss in 2005 : $ 10 million Sold all 16 stores to largest local retailer (Shinsegae) Withdrawing business : May, 2006 Seokki Lee

13 Major cause of failureCriteria for failure of CE Uniqueness of Korean consumers Unidentified major mission at the beginning, Ineffective communication with customers EDLP (Everyday Low Price) strategy Insufficient resources for planning, Unidentified external customers Indifferent products Not evolving requirements of customers, Work inflexible with customers Lack of accessibility / Insufficient stores Unmodified tasks to optimize the project output, Lack of communication channels E-commerce (Online shopping) Un-established techniques and protocols for customers (Walmart) (E-mart) Seokki Lee

14 James Hunter

15 NPD project was executed using the CE implementations: Boeings 777 project Meshal Alansari

16 Boeing Commercial Aircraft Division Project: New technologies: digital avionics advanced lightweight materials dual-engine two pilot design (%25 less cost per seat-mile) replacement for 747 family $4-5 billion to launch first member of 777 family Meshal Alansari

17 Teams provide the primary integration mechanism in CE projects. Three types of teams appeared in the project: Program management team Technical team Numerous design-build team Meshal Alansari

18 Communicating methods included: Face to face communication Phone conversation Document Electronic mail Based on the project focus, a certain way of communication used: Project focusing on design quality relied on formal personation and periodic review meetings Project emphasizing development speed required frequent informal communication Meshal Alansari

19 The selected firm included in the study: 1. Had substantial experience in NPD 2. Were developing relatively complex products 3. Used concurrent engineering methods 4. Operated in highly competitive markets 5. Collectively represented a diversity of product and market needs Meshal Alansari

20 The study used a questionnaire containing 29 open-ended questions addressed: 1. Motivations, risks, and competitive pressures surrounding the project 2. Product complexity and technologies 3. Project scheduling and concurrency 4. Team personnel, organization, incentives, and authority; 5. Definitions, motivations, and benefits of CE 6. Functional interactions and communication modes; 7. Methods and tools used to promote CE 8. Barriers and keys to success Naif Alolaiwi

21 I. Program Priorities: Design Quality Product Cost Product Introduction speed II. Project Characteristics: Project Complexity Innovation Technical Risk Naif Alolaiwi

22 Design Quality 777 project: Has 500 suppliers Need 3,000,000 parts Has 1700 computer workstation (220 of them in Japan) New aircraft must prove reliability with at least 2 years to be FAA approved Naif Alolaiwi

23 Product Cost Boeing faced significant product cost challenges on the 777 project due to stiff competition from Airbus and the deregulation of the airline industry. Naif Alolaiwi

24 Project Complexity 777 project: 7000 people located in countries throughout the world Boeing placed tremendous emphasis on communication to minimize risks Khaled Alturkey

25 Some of the companies documented savings in overall product development costs of approximately 20% and reductions in engineering design changes of 4.5%- 50%. Khaled Alturkey

26 At least 3 opportunities exist for concurrent processing: Simultaneously developing market concept, product designs, manufacturing process, product structures Overlapping design disciplines so that system level and component level designs are produced concurrently Overlapping of separate but related new products requiring coordination between NPD programs Khaled Alturkey

27 As degrees of overlap among activities become more intense, decisions that are dependent on information from upstream processes become more uncertain (more risk) Successful CE implementation approaches differ depending on factors such as: Product characteristics Customer needs Technology requirements Khaled Alturkey

28 Teams are essential organizational forms for promoting integration Team arrangements include: program management team, technical team, design-build teams, integration teams, and task forces The modes, frequency, richness, and formality of communications among project participants varies according to information complexity, design, and timing challenges Khaled Alturkey

29 Project Management is needed to implement Concurrent Engineering correctly. Need Concurrent Engineering to be competitive today. Project Management is a part of Concurrent Engineering Generally benefits are greater than the disadvantages James Hunter

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