Presentation on theme: "presented by: Hari Suprayogi Adolf Tommy M Sitompul"— Presentation transcript:
1 presented by: Hari Suprayogi Adolf Tommy M Sitompul Implementation of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) in INDONESIApresented by:Hari SuprayogiAdolf Tommy M SitompulFebruary 21, 2013for D-8 Water Cooperation Meeting21-22 February, 2013Istanbul, TurkeyDirectorate General of Water ResourcesMinistry of Public Works
2 Outline General Information Water Resources in Indonesia Directorate General of Water ResourcesMinistry of Public WorksOutlineGeneral InformationWater Resources in IndonesiaWater Usage ConditionWater DemandWater Storage CapacityWater Quality StatusWater Demand in the year 2030Strategy for Water Provision
3 consists of about 17,508 islands of which 6,000 are inhabited, total land area of about 1.94 million km2
4 Indonesia has varied rainfall distribution from 800–4,000 mm/year Indonesia has varied rainfall distribution from 800–4,000 mm/year. The rainfall are mostly concentrated within 5 (five) months whereas the other 7 (seven) months faces dry seasonMonthly Rainfall
5 Other Information Related Directorate General of Water ResourcesMinistry of Public WorksThe population is ± million with growth rate of 1,49% (2010), 300 million in 2030,Water Resources is regulated by Water Resources Law No.7/2004 and 6 Government Regulations, while Policy on National Water Resources is stated by Presidential Decree No. 33/2011,
6 2. Water Resources in Indonesia Directorate General of Water ResourcesMinistry of Public Works2. Water Resources in IndonesiaKALIMANTANTP : PC : 98.8SULAWESITP : PC : 18.3INDONESIA (TOTAL)TP : PC : 16.8PAPUA & MALUKUTP : PC :SUMATERATP : PC : 18.4JAVATP : PC : 1.6BALI AND NUSA TENGGARATP : PC : 5.5TP = Total Potential (billion m3/yr)PC = Per capita (1000 m3/cap/yr)
7 3. WATER USAGE CONDITION IN INDONESIA GAMBARAN UMUM POTENSI DAN KONDISI PEMANFAATAN AIR DI INDONESIADISTRIBUTIONINDONESIA3,906,500SUMATERA840,700JAVA164,000KALIMANTAN1,314,000SULAWESI299,200BALI + NUSATENGGARA49,600MALUKU176,700PAPUA1,062,100WATER AVAILABILITY (106 m3/yr)POTENTIALACTUAL3,906,500691,300UTILIZED (106 m3/yr)175,100 (25.3%)UNUTILIZED (106 m3/yr)516,200 (74.7%)DMI (106 m3/yr)34,100 (19.5%)IRRIGATION (106 m3/yr)141,000 (80.5 %)Domestic & Municipal(106 m3/yr)6,400 (3,7%)INDUSTRY(106 m3/yr)27,700 (15,8%)Source:WR Research Centre, 2012Roadmap CC Water Sector, 2011
9 Ratio of Reservoir Storage RESERVOIR STORAGE PERCAPITA BY REGIONSource:World Bank, 2003; White, 2005; Grey and Sadoff, 2007; IMWI, 2006;INDONESIA52 m3/kapita (present)920 m3/kapita in 2030.Ministry of Public Works
10 4.Water Balance No Region Availability (S) Demand (B) Balance (S-B) Directorate General of Water ResourcesMinistry of Public Works4.Water BalanceNoRegionAvailability (S)Demand (B)Balance (S-B)x 10⁶ m³/yr1Sumatera111,077.6537,805.5573,272.102Jawa – Bali31,636.50100,917.77-69,281.273Kalimantan140,005.5511,982.78128,022.774Sulawesi34,787.5521,493.3413,294.215Nusa Tenggara7,759.702,054.045,705.666Maluku15,457.10540.2314,916.877Papua350,589.65385.58350,204.07Indonesia691,313.70175,179.29516,134.41
11 Water Availability vs. Water Demand Directorate General of Water ResourcesMinistry of Public WorksWater Availability vs. Water Demand
12 + SEDIMENTATION EROSION & SEDIMENTATION URBANIZATION DEFORESTATION Directorate General of Water ResourcesMinistry of Public WorksSEDIMENTATIONDEFORESTATION+EROSION & SEDIMENTATIONURBANIZATIONSEDIMENTATION IN RESERVOIR
13 Land Use Change (Citarum River Basin) Directorate General of Water ResourcesMinistry of Public WorksYear 2000Land Use Change (Citarum River Basin)Year 2008
14 Sedimentation at Sutami Reservoir Brantas River Basin Directorate General of Water ResourcesMinistry of Public WorksSedimentation at Sutami ReservoirBrantas River Basin* Gross Storage =Effec. + Dead Storage**Total Storage = Gross + Flood Storage
15 Number of Floods Occured in Indonesia Ministry of Public Works
16 Fertilizer and pesticides Directorate General of Water ResourcesMinistry of Public WorksWater PollutionFertilizer and pesticidesWaste from LivestockWaste from householdImpact:Water quality deteriorationWaste from industry
17 WATER QUALITY STATUS OF RIVERS IN INDONESIA Directorate General of Water ResourcesMinistry of Public WorksNo.Quality StatusQuantity of RiversUpstreamDownstream1.Quality Standard Class II2-Mild Polluted20143Moderate Polluted6154Heavy PollutedTotal32Sources: Ministry of Environmentand DGWR,2009
18 Directorate General of Water Resources Ministry of Public WorksWATER DEMAND (2010 – 2030)Source: National Planning Agency, 2010Untuk wilayah Jawa-Bali memiliki kebtuhan air untuk DMI paling tinggi, yakni pada tahun 2010 sekitar 23,1 Milyar m3/tahun, dan pada tahun 2030 kebutuhannya naik lebih dari 8 kali lipat yaitu hampir mencapai 190 Milyar m3/tahun.
19 Water Transfer Directorate General of Water Resources Ministry of Public WorksWater Transfer
20 INDONESIA RULES IN WATER RESOURCES SECTOR Directorate General of Water ResourcesMinistry of Public WorksINDONESIA RULES IN WATER RESOURCES SECTORLaw No. 7 / 2004 concerning Water Resources, which replaced Law No. 11 / 1974 concerning Irrigation.In the new rule, the principle of water resources management are continuity, balancing, public advantage, unity, harmony, justice, autonomy, as well as transparency and accountability.Water Resources Management shall mean the effort of planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation in regard to the conservation of water resources, utilization, and the control of water destructive potential (Law 7/2004 article 1 point 7).
21 CONTROL OF WATER DESTRUCTIVE POTENTIAL Directorate General of Water ResourcesMinistry of Public WorksWater Resources Management (Law No. 7 / 2004)E F F O R T SPLANEXECUTEMONITOREVALUATEACTIVITIESCONSERVATION1. Water sources protection and preservation2. Water preservation3. Water quality management & water pollution controlUTILIZATION1. Administration2. Supply3. Usage4. Development5. OperationCONTROL OF WATER DESTRUCTIVE POTENTIAL1. Preventive2. Handling3. RecoveryMaintaining sustainable water resources supportability, capacity, and functionalitySustainable water resources utilization, by prioritizing the fulfillment of public needs equallyPreventing, handling, and recovery of environment damages caused by water destructive potentialOBJECTIVES
22 BASIC REGULATION LAW NO. 41 / 1999 : FORESTRY LAW NO. 7 / : WATER RESOURCESLAW NO. 26 / 2007 : SPATIAL PLANNINGLAW NO. 27 / 2007 : SMALL ISLAND AND COASTAL REGIONLAW NO. 32 / 2009 : ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTIONGOVERNMENT REGULATION NO. 42 / : WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENTGOVERNMENT REGULATION NO. 43 / : GROUND WATER MANAGEMENTPRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. 12 / 2012 : RIVER BASINPRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. 26 / 2011 : GROUND WATER BASIN1
23 Water Resources Law No. 7/2004 FAMILY TREE OF WATER RESOURCES LAWWater Resources Law No. 7/2004Gov Reg. No. 42 /2008 on WRMFinal Draft Gov. Reg on SwampGov Reg No. 38/2011 on RiverGov Reg No. 43/2011 on Ground WaterGov Reg No. 20/2006 on IrrigationGov. Reg. No. 16/2005 on Drinking Water Supply SystemGov. Reg No. 37/2010 about DamFinal Draft Gov. Reg on Water Use RightFinal Draft Gov. Reg on LakePresidentialDecree No.06/2009 on National Water Resources CouncilPres Reg No. 12/ 2008 on Water Resources CouncilPresidential Decree 12/2012 on River Basin TerritoriesPres. Decree No.26/2011 on Ground Water BasinMinister Regulation No 4/PRT/M/2008 about Manual of Establishment Coordination Team for WRM and National Water Resources Council.
24 Process of Water Resources Management Directorate General of Water ResourcesMinistry of Public WorksIntegrated Water Resources ManagementPRCDPUProcess of Water Resources ManagementPlan, Execute, Monitor, EvaluateWR - DISInformation :C = Water Resources ConservationU = Water Resources UtilizationDP = Control of Water Destructive PotentialPR = Public RoleWR-DIS = Water Resources Data and Information System
25 Integrated Water Resources Management Directorate General of Water ResourcesMinistry of Public WorksIntegrated Water Resources ManagementRBT (River Basin Territory) : a territory unit of WRM could be in one or more river basins and/or small islands.The whole Indonesia : 131 river basin territories (RBTs) where 63 RBTs are central government responsibilities and the rest of 68 RBTs are local government responsibilities.Central Government: responsible to manage inter-state, inter- provinces, and nationally strategic RBTs; Provincial Government: responsible with inter-districts RBTs ; District/Regency Government: responsible with RBTs in one district/regency.The implementation of water management in RBTs : by river basin territory management units (river basin organizations/ RBO’s).Have to established National Water Council, Provincial Water Councils and River Basin Territory Water Councils.
26 Criteria of River Basin Map of River Basin Territory (RBT)Presidential Regulation No. 12 Year 2012Indonesia has over 5590 rivers, these rivers are grouped into 131 river basins. The river basins are categorized into 5 strata’s of river basins, include:No.Criteria of River BasinSum1State Trans52Provincial Trans boundary293National Strategic4Regency/City Trans boundary53Regency/City15
27 Water Resources Management Plan Program of annual activitis Directorate General of Water ResourcesMinistry of Public WorksStrategic plan, plan, implementation plan, feasibility study, program and activityImplemented based onWater Resources Management PlanboundaryRiver Basin TerritoryAnnual activitiesProgram of annual activitisFeasibility StudyImplementation Plan
28 STATUS RB STRATEGIC PLAN & IMPLEMENTATION PLAN Presidential Decree No. 33/2011 : 131 river basin teritory should have each Strategic PlanImplementation Plan
29 STATUS NATIONAL and PROVINCIAL WR COUNCIL & RBT WR COUNCILRBT WR COUNCIL1 NATIONAL WATER RESOURCES COUNCIL (44 member : 22 Govt + 22 NGO)PROVINCIAL LEVEL WR COUNCIL
30 REAL TIME HYDROLOGICAL COLLECTION (TELEMETRY SYSTEM)
31 Hydrological Data Telemetry System SITEDATA ACQUISITIONVIA SMSCELLULAR PROVIDERSERVERRECIEVERRelated InstitutionTRANSMITTERMAIN OFFICEHydrological Data Telemetry System
32 Input data for run-off analysis Data FeedTelemetryFloodTimeRiver dischargeaccuration decreasesLead TimeDetectionsRun-off analysisWarningResponseFlood forecastingPresent conditionNWPSatelliteRadar
33 CHALLENGEs IN THE FUTURE in the context of Water Cooperation
34 ALLOCATED BUDGET FOR DGWR = 1,8 Billion USD RATIO of RESERVOIR STORAGE PER CAPITAAt Present 52 M3/Capita/Yeari.e achieving100 M3/Capita/YearRequired Cost 50 Billion USDALLOCATED BUDGET FOR DGWR = 1,8 Billion USDIMPOSSIBLE IF ONLY FUNDED BY THE GOVERNMENTPRIVATE SECTORshould be involved
35 THE POSSIBILITY OF PRIVATE SECTOR INVOLVEMENT LEGAL ASPECT :LAW NUMBER 7/2004 REGARDING WATER RESOURCES,GOVT. REGULATION NO.38/2011 REGARDING RIVER.POTENCY IN THE WATER SECTOR :CONSUMPTION OF WATER AS RAW MATERIAL IN THE PRODUCTION PROCESS,FOR LEACHING PROCESS IN INDUSTRY,SELLING THE MINERAL WATER FOR THE PUBLIC CONSUMPTION.
36 Potency in Water Sector Conservation/Revitalization of Natural Lakes,Existing Reservoirto be operated by Private Sector,LONG STORAGE,The “former“river area,Natural Lakes or Small Reservoir for REST AREA in the Toll Road/Highway,Hydropower/Mini Hydro,etc
37 NEED OF EXPERTS IN WATER RESOURCES ENGINEERING POTENCY OF COOPERATION IN THE FUTUREENGINEERING KNOWLEDGENEED OF EXPERTS IN WATER RESOURCES ENGINEERINGRESEARCH POTENCY
38 Directorate General of Water Resources Ministry of Public WorksConcluding RemarksThe development of water resources management in Indonesia has been promoted through the concepts of “Integrated Water Resources Management” (IWRM) based on economic efficiency, equity and environmental sustainability,The main challenges for water resources manager and engineers is how to manage the available water for fulfilling the water demand as well as to conserve the environment,Integrated Water Resources Management in Indonesia, in response to climate change phenomena, is implemented through holistic approach and strong institutional system involving all stakeholders.