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Implementation of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) in INDONESIA presented by: Hari Suprayogi Adolf Tommy M Sitompul Directorate General of.

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Presentation on theme: "Implementation of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) in INDONESIA presented by: Hari Suprayogi Adolf Tommy M Sitompul Directorate General of."— Presentation transcript:

1 Implementation of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) in INDONESIA presented by: Hari Suprayogi Adolf Tommy M Sitompul Directorate General of Water Resources Ministry of Public Works February 21, 2013 for D-8 Water Cooperation Meeting February, 2013 Istanbul, Turkey

2 Outline 1.General Information 2.Water Resources in Indonesia 3.Water Usage Condition 4.Water Demand 5.Water Storage Capacity 6.Water Quality Status 7.Water Demand in the year Strategy for Water Provision 2 Directorate General of Water Resources Ministry of Public Works

3 consists of about 17,508 islands of which 6,000 are inhabited, total land area of about 1.94 million km 2

4 Indonesia has varied rainfall distribution from 800–4,000 mm/year. The rainfall are mostly concentrated within 5 (five) months whereas the other 7 (seven) months faces dry season Monthly Rainfall

5 The population is ± million with growth rate of 1,49% (2010), 300 million in 2030, Water Resources is regulated by Water Resources Law No.7/2004 and 6 Government Regulations, while Policy on National Water Resources is stated by Presidential Decree No. 33/2011, Other Information Related 5 Directorate General of Water Resources Ministry of Public Works

6 Directorate General of Water Resources Ministry of Public Works 2. Water Resources in Indonesia 6 KALIMANTAN TP : 1008 PC : 98.8 KALIMANTAN TP : 1008 PC : 98.8 SULAWESI TP : 247 PC : 18.3 SULAWESI TP : 247 PC : 18.3 INDONESIA (TOTAL) TP : 3221 PC : 16.8 INDONESIA (TOTAL) TP : 3221 PC : 16.8 PAPUA & MALUKU TP : 981 PC : PAPUA & MALUKU TP : 981 PC : SUMATERA TP : 738 PC : 18.4 SUMATERA TP : 738 PC : 18.4 JAVA TP : 187 PC : 1.6 JAVA TP : 187 PC : 1.6 BALI AND NUSA TENGGARA TP : 60 PC : 5.5 BALI AND NUSA TENGGARA TP : 60 PC : 5.5 TP = Total Potential (billion m 3 /yr) PC = Per capita (1000 m 3 /cap/yr)

7 Source: WR Research Centre, 2012 Roadmap CC Water Sector, 2011 Source: WR Research Centre, 2012 Roadmap CC Water Sector, 2011 DMI (10 6 m 3 /yr) 34,100 (19.5%) IRRIGATION (10 6 m 3 /yr) 141,000 (80.5 %) Domestic & Municipal (10 6 m 3 /yr) 6,400 (3,7%) UTILIZED (10 6 m3/yr) 175,100 (25.3%) GAMBARAN UMUM POTENSI DAN KONDISI PEMANFAATAN AIR DI INDONESIA UNUTILIZED (10 6 m3/yr) 516,200 (74.7%) INDUSTRY (10 6 m 3 /yr) 27,700 (15,8%) WATER AVAILABILITY (10 6 m 3 /yr) POTENTIALACTUAL 3,906,500691,300 INDONESIA3,906,500 SUMATERA840,700 JAVA164,000 KALIMANTAN1,314,000 SULAWESI299,200 BALI + NUSA TENGGARA 49,600 MALUKU176,700 PAPUA1,062,100 DISTRIBUTION 3. WATER USAGE CONDITION IN INDONESIA 7

8 75 GW

9 Ratio of Reservoir Storage 9 Ministry of Public Works RESERVOIR STORAGE PERCAPITA BY REGION Source: World Bank, 2003; White, 2005; Grey and Sadoff, 2007; IMWI, 2006; INDONESIA 52 m 3 /kapita (present) 920 m 3 /kapita in 2030.

10 4.Water Balance 10 NoRegion Availability (S)Demand (B)Balance (S-B) x 10 m³/yr 1 Sumatera 111, , , Jawa – Bali 31, , , Kalimantan 140, , , Sulawesi 34, , , Nusa Tenggara 7, , , Maluku 15, , Papua 350, , Indonesia 691, , , Directorate General of Water Resources Ministry of Public Works

11 Water Availability vs. Water Demand 11 Directorate General of Water Resources Ministry of Public Works

12 Directorate General of Water Resources Ministry of Public Works SEDIMENTATION URBANIZATION DEFORESTATION SEDIMENTATION IN RESERVOIR + EROSION & SEDIMENTATION

13 Directorate General of Water Resources Ministry of Public Works Land Use Change (Citarum River Basin) Year 2000 Year 2008

14 Directorate General of Water Resources Ministry of Public Works Sedimentation at Sutami Reservoir Brantas River Basin * Gross Storage =Effec. + Dead Storage **Total Storage = Gross + Flood Storage 14

15 Number of Floods Occured in Indonesia Ministry of Public Works 15

16 Directorate General of Water Resources Ministry of Public Works Water Pollution 16 Fertilizer and pesticides Waste from household Waste from Livestock Waste from industry Impact: Water quality deterioration

17 17 Sources: Ministry of Environmentand DGWR,2009 Directorate General of Water Resources Ministry of Public Works WATER QUALITY STATUS OF RIVERS IN INDONESIA No.Quality StatusQuantity of Rivers UpstreamDownstream 1.Quality Standard Class II2- 2Mild Polluted2014 3Moderate Polluted615 4Heavy Polluted43 Total32

18 Directorate General of Water Resources Ministry of Public Works WATER DEMAND (2010 – 2030) Source: National Planning Agency, 2010

19 Directorate General of Water Resources Ministry of Public Works Water Transfer

20 Directorate General of Water Resources Ministry of Public Works 1.Law No. 7 / 2004 concerning Water Resources, which replaced Law No. 11 / 1974 concerning Irrigation. 2.In the new rule, the principle of water resources management are continuity, balancing, public advantage, unity, harmony, justice, autonomy, as well as transparency and accountability. 3.Water Resources Management shall mean the effort of planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation in regard to the conservation of water resources, utilization, and the control of water destructive potential (Law 7/2004 article 1 point 7). INDONESIA RULES IN WATER RESOURCES SECTOR

21 Directorate General of Water Resources Ministry of Public Works E F F O R T S PLANEXECUTEMONITOREVALUATE ACTIVITIES CONSERVATION 1.Water sources protection and preservation 2.Water preservation 3.Water quality management & water pollution control UTILIZATION 1.Administration 2.Supply 3.Usage 4.Development 5.Operation CONTROL OF WATER DESTRUCTIVE POTENTIAL 1.Preventive 2.Handling 3.Recovery Maintaining sustainable water resources supportability, capacity, and functionality Sustainable water resources utilization, by prioritizing the fulfillment of public needs equally Preventing, handling, and recovery of environment damages caused by water destructive potential OBJECTIVES 21

22 LAW NO. 41 / 1999:FORESTRY LAW NO. 7 / 2004:WATER RESOURCES LAW NO. 26 / 2007: SPATIAL PLANNING LAW NO. 27 / 2007: SMALL ISLAND AND COASTAL REGION LAW NO. 32 / 2009:ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION GOVERNMENT REGULATION NO. 42 / 2008 : WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT GOVERNMENT REGULATION NO. 43 / 2008 : GROUND WATER MANAGEMENT PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. 12 / 2012: RIVER BASIN PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. 26 / 2011: GROUND WATER BASIN 1

23 Gov Reg. No. 42 /2008 on WRM Final Draft Gov. Reg on Swamp Gov Reg No. 38/2011 on River Gov Reg No. 43/2011 on Ground Water Gov Reg No. 20/2006 on Irrigation Gov. Reg. No. 16/2005 on Drinking Water Supply System Final Draft Gov. Reg on Water Use Right Gov. Reg No. 37/2010 about Dam Water Resources Law No. 7/2004 Presidential Decree No.06/2009 on National Water Resources Council Presidential Decree No.06/2009 on National Water Resources Council Pres Reg No. 12/ 2008 on Water Resources Council Presidential Decree 12/2012 on River Basin Territories Pres. Decree No.26/2011 on Ground Water Basin Minister Regulation No 4/PRT/M/2008 about Manual of Establishment Coordination Team for WRM and National Water Resources Council. FAMILY TREE OF WATER RESOURCES LAW Final Draft Gov. Reg on Lake

24 Information : C= Water Resources Conservation U = Water Resources Utilization DP = Control of Water Destructive Potential PR= Public Role WR-DIS = Water Resources Data and Information System Process of Water Resources Management Plan, Execute, Monitor, Evaluate Process of Water Resources Management Plan, Execute, Monitor, Evaluate WR - DIS 24 Directorate General of Water Resources Ministry of Public Works

25 RBT (River Basin Territory) : a territory unit of WRM could be in one or more river basins and/or small islands. The whole Indonesia : 131 river basin territories (RBTs) where 63 RBTs are central government responsibilities and the rest of 68 RBTs are local government responsibilities. Central Government: responsible to manage inter-state, inter- provinces, and nationally strategic RBTs; Provincial Government: responsible with inter-districts RBTs ; District/Regency Government: responsible with RBTs in one district/regency. The implementation of water management in RBTs : by river basin territory management units (river basin organizations/ RBOs). Have to established National Water Council, Provincial Water Councils and River Basin Territory Water Councils. Integrated Water Resources Management 25 Directorate General of Water Resources Ministry of Public Works

26 Map of River Basin Territory (RBT) Presidential Regulation No. 12 Year 2012 Indonesia has over 5590 rivers, these rivers are grouped into 131 river basins. The river basins are categorized into 5 stratas of river basins, include: No.Criteria of River BasinSum 1State Trans5 2Provincial Trans boundary29 3National Strategic29 4Regency/City Trans boundary53 5Regency/City15

27 Strategic plan, plan, implementation plan, feasibility study, program and activity Water Resources Management Plan Implemented based on River Basin Territory Implementation Plan boundary Directorate General of Water Resources Ministry of Public Works Feasibility Study Program of annual activitis Annual activities

28 STATUS RB STRATEGIC PLAN & IMPLEMENTATION PLAN Strategic Plan Implementation Plan Presidential Decree No. 33/2011 : 131 river basin teritory should have each Strategic Plan

29 STATUS NATIONAL and PROVINCIAL WR COUNCIL & RBT WR COUNCIL RBT WR COUNCIL PROVINCIAL LEVEL WR COUNCIL 1 NATIONAL WATER RESOURCES COUNCIL (44 member : 22 Govt + 22 NGO)

30 REAL TIME HYDROLOGICAL COLLECTION (TELEMETRY SYSTEM)

31 RECIEVER SERVER TRANSMITTER DATA ACQUISITION MAIN OFFICE CELLULAR PROVIDER SITE VIA SMS Related Institution Hydrological Data Telemetry System

32 Input data for run-off analysis Data Feed Telemetry Flood Time River discharge accuration decreases Lead Time Detections Run-off analysis WarningResponse Flood forecasting Present condition NWP Satellite Radar

33 CHALLENGES IN THE FUTURE in the context of Water Cooperation

34 RATIO of RESERVOIR STORAGE PER CAPITA At Present 52 M 3 /Capita/Year i.e achieving 100 M 3 /Capita/Year Required Cost 50 Billion USD ALLOCATED BUDGET FOR DGWR = 1,8 Billion USD IMPOSSIBLE IF ONLY FUNDED BY THE GOVERNMENT PRIVATE SECTOR should be involved PRIVATE SECTOR should be involved

35 THE POSSIBILITY OF PRIVATE SECTOR INVOLVEMENT POTENCY IN THE WATER SECTOR : 1.CONSUMPTION OF WATER AS RAW MATERIAL IN THE PRODUCTION PROCESS, 2.FOR LEACHING PROCESS IN INDUSTRY, 3.SELLING THE MINERAL WATER FOR THE PUBLIC CONSUMPTION. POTENCY IN THE WATER SECTOR : 1.CONSUMPTION OF WATER AS RAW MATERIAL IN THE PRODUCTION PROCESS, 2.FOR LEACHING PROCESS IN INDUSTRY, 3.SELLING THE MINERAL WATER FOR THE PUBLIC CONSUMPTION. LEGAL ASPECT : 1.LAW NUMBER 7/2004 REGARDING WATER RESOURCES, 2.GOVT. REGULATION NO.38/2011 REGARDING RIVER. LEGAL ASPECT : 1.LAW NUMBER 7/2004 REGARDING WATER RESOURCES, 2.GOVT. REGULATION NO.38/2011 REGARDING RIVER.

36 Potency in Water Sector Conservation/Revitalization of Natural Lakes, Existing Reservoir to be operated by Private Sector, LONG STORAGE, The formerriver area, Natural Lakes or Small Reservoir for REST AREA in the Toll Road/Highway, Hydropower/Mini Hydro, etc

37 POTENCY OF COOPERATION IN THE FUTURE ENGINEERING KNOWLEDGE NEED OF EXPERTS IN WATER RESOURCES ENGINEERING RESEARCH POTENCY

38 Concluding Remarks The development of water resources management in Indonesia has been promoted through the concepts of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) based on economic efficiency, equity and environmental sustainability, The main challenges for water resources manager and engineers is how to manage the available water for fulfilling the water demand as well as to conserve the environment, Integrated Water Resources Management in Indonesia, in response to climate change phenomena, is implemented through holistic approach and strong institutional system involving all stakeholders. Directorate General of Water Resources Ministry of Public Works

39 THANK YOU TESEKKUR EDERIM 39

40 TERIMA KASIH


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