Presentation on theme: "SELF-MANAGEMENT IN PCMH PROMOTING EMPOWERMENT IN CHRONIC ILLNESS."— Presentation transcript:
SELF-MANAGEMENT IN PCMH PROMOTING EMPOWERMENT IN CHRONIC ILLNESS
PATIENT SELF-MANAGEMENT DEFINITIONS Definition #1 – Self-management is how patient manages aspects of their chronic disease (s). Definition # 2 – Learning and practicing the skills necessary to carry on an active and emotionally satisfying life in the face of chronic illness.
SELF-MANAGEMENT TASKS 1.Managing the elements of their chronic disease: medication adherence, diet, exercise, treatments, self-testing and record keeping. 2.Maintaining their roles and functions in life. 3.Dealing with the emotional demands of their lives.
THE CASE FOR SELF-MANAGEMENT SUPPORT The role of the PCMH team is to provide motivating support and education needed by chronically ill patient needs. This includes Timely, accurate, understandable information Involvement in collaborative decision making Goal setting and problem solving Help managing psychosocial needs
NCQA 2011 CERTIFICATION GUIDELINES FOR PCMH PCMH 4A: Support Self-Care Process- MUST PASS develop and document self-management plans/goals Requires practice to develop and document self-management plans/goals (CRITICAL FACTOR) in at least 50% of patients/families. abilities Documents self-management abilities for at least 50% of patients/families. tools Provides self-management tools to record self-care results for at least 50% percent of patients/families. Counselshealthy Counsels at least 50% of patients/families to adopt healthy behaviors. educational resources Provides educational resources or refers at least 50 % of patients/families to assist in self-management. EHR Uses an EHR to identify patient-specific education resources and provide them to more than 10% of patients/families.
PATIENT TEACHING VS. SELF-MANAGEMENT SUPPORT Patient Education Self-Management Support Information and skills are taught Skills to solve patient-identified problems are taught Usually disease specific Assumes that confidence yields better outcomes Goal is compliance Goal is increased self confidence Healthcare professionals are the teacher Teachers can be professionals or peers Gives information Provides tools Gets patient involved in day-to-day decisions
STAGES OF CHANGE MODEL Development of self-management skills means change to the patients life. Recognizing where patient is on the continuum of change is critical to effective support The stages of changes as 1 st proposed by Prochaska and DiClemente in 1983: 1. Precontemplation (not ready to change) 2. Contemplation (thinking of changing) 3. Preparation (ready to change) 4. Action (Making the change) 5. Maintenance (Staying on track) **Added to the theory since then, is # 6 Relapse (falling of the wagon!)
OTHER SKILLS AND TOOLS NEEDED Open-ended and exploratory questioning- Open-ended and exploratory questioning- frame your communication so a simple yes, no or I dont know are not possible answers. Reflective listening Reflective listening – encourages patient communication. Patient cant/wont talk if staff member is telling them what to do. Depression Assessment Depression Assessment – soon to be done practice wide. Health literacy assessment Health literacy assessment – Dont assume people understand what they are told by the PCP or yourself. Use the Teach-Back technique. Engaging family members, caregivers and other signifigant social supports Engaging family members, caregivers and other signifigant social supports – should be with patients agreement. Be careful of self-appointed family members who want to become the diabetic police! Goal setting, prioritizing and planning of care Goal setting, prioritizing and planning of care- use of motivational interviewing technique's and work toward the patients strengths and health belief system. Effective team membership and participation- Effective team membership and participation- required by NCQA. Be proactive. Document all of the above in the EHR
SELF- MANAGEMENT AND GOAL SETTING Step 1 - Problem identification Impact of illness Identify specific symptoms and signs of illness Identify factors leading to preservation and promotion of a healthy lifestyle Step 2 – Identifying barriers to self-management Motivation Knowledge of condition Knowledge of symptom management Comorbidities Health beliefs Self efficacy Social context
SELF MANAGEMENT AND GOAL SETTING Step 3 – Planning (setting of goals) – SMART Specific Measurable Achievable Realistic Timely Goals should focus on medication adherence, smoking cessation, self-monitoring (i.e. glucose logs), diet, exercise, foot care, managing comorbidities and continuing to live a participative lifestyle. Once goals are set, patient should get copy and they should be shared with team via EHR.
BRIEF NEGOTIATION ROADMAP Developed in 2002 by Kaiser Permanente and two psychologists, Miller and Rollnick Needed a tool for practitioners to use in day-to-day patient interactions to promote healthy behavior changes. Systematic way to efficiently and effectively discuss these changes with the patient/family. Basic tenet of brief negotiations is that everyone has the potential for positive change. Structure is a brief collaborative interaction to discuss health care changes.