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Log 301 Advanced Logistics Management 1. LOG 301 Terminal Learning Objectives and Enabling Learning Objectives (hidden slide) 3.0 Understand the distribution.

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Presentation on theme: "Log 301 Advanced Logistics Management 1. LOG 301 Terminal Learning Objectives and Enabling Learning Objectives (hidden slide) 3.0 Understand the distribution."— Presentation transcript:

1 Log 301 Advanced Logistics Management 1

2 LOG 301 Terminal Learning Objectives and Enabling Learning Objectives (hidden slide) 3.0 Understand the distribution process and its impact on logistics support 3.1 Define distribution 3.2 Identify the modes of transportation and the attributes of each 3.3 Explain how distribution relates to the other logistics processes, principles, and functions 4.0 Understand the sustainment process and its impact on logistics support 4.1 Understand the definition of reliability and maintainability 4.2 Understand the three phases of the product life cycle and their accompanying failure patterns (bathtub curve) 4.3 Identify maintenance types, actions, and levels 5.0 Understand the disposition process and its impact on logistics support 5.1 Understand how disposition relates to the other logistics processes 5.2 Explain how different disposition strategies create value for the logistician 6.0 Understand and evaluate the logistics systems in use within the ISF 6.1 Understand the logistics organization of the ISF 6.2 Identify the commercial and military organizations which provide support to the ISF and the attributes of each 1.0 Understand and evaluate logistics concepts and the various methods of support 1.1 Discuss the importance of logistics using examples from history 1.2 Define logistics as it applies to the Iraqi Security Forces (ISF) and the global economy 1.3 Explain the differences and similarities between military and civilian logistics 1.4 Identify and describe the seven principles of logistics; recognize and provide examples 1.5 Given a situation, discuss which logistics principle you believe has priority and why 1.6 Identify the four logistics processes 2.0 Understand the procurement process and how it affects various logistics support options 2.1 Outline the phases of the procurement life cycle 2.2 Understand and discuss the phases of the procurement life cycle and the objective of each 2.3 Define various types of international contracts and the advantages of each 2.4 Describe and illustrate by example the elements of logistics support considered during the procurement process 2

3 Overview Definition of Logistics Historical Examples of Military Logistics Principles of Logistics The Four Logistics Processes MODULE 1 3

4 KEY TERMS Supply Chain Logistics Responsiveness Attainability Simplicity Flexibility Economy Sustainability Survivability Procurement Distribution Sustainment Disposition 4

5 Key Terms Effective Reliable Maintainable Supportable Interoperable 5

6 What is Logistics? Lets first examine a civilian definitionthen one unique to the military 6

7 Supply Chain Supply chain The linked activities associated with providing materiel from a raw materiel stage to an end user as a finished product. CustomerSupplierFactoryDealer 7

8 Business Definition Logistics is that part of supply chain management –...that plans, creates and monitors –...the efficient, cost-effective flow –...and storage of goods, semi-finished items and manufactured products –...as well as related information between the –point of origin and the point of consumption –...in order to meet customers requirements… (Source: Council of Supply Chain Management Professionals, 2007) 8

9 Notes Page (hidden slide) 9

10 Logistics –A military perspective The science of planning and carrying out the movement and maintenance of forces. 10

11 NOTES PAGE (hidden slide) 11

12 OPERATION BARBAROSSA (WWII German Invasion of Russia) ONE REASON FOR FAILURE: Germans forces could not be moved or maintained 12

13 NOTES PAGE (Hidden Slide) 13

14 What are some of the differences between the military and a civilian company ? Because of these differences, what else should the military definition of logistics include? 14

15 Possible Answers - Broader scope of mission (for example: military operates hospitals as well as vehicle maintenance) - End goal is different – Measure Readiness, not profit 15

16 Military Logistics In its most comprehensive sense, those aspects of military operations which deal with: a.Design and development (procurement) b.Storage c.Movement d.Distribution e.Maintenance f.Disposition of materiel g.Evacuation, and hospitalization of personnel h.Construction, maintenance, operation, of facilities i.procurement or furnishing of services.... 16

17 Logistics provides the foundation of combat power and can be described as a bridge connecting a nations economy to its warfighting forces. NATIONS ECONOMY MILITARY FORCES LOGISTICS Implement UnitsPersonnelSupplyStrategicOperationalTactical MOVEMENT AND DEPLOYMENT EFFORTS SUSTAINMENT EFFORTS Logistics.. at the national level... Plan 17

18 NOTES SLIDE (Hidden Slide) 18

19 Logistics Impact on Military Operations in Afghanistan Sea-Van - 20 foot container How can coalition forces be resupplied? Lack of Seaports Mountainous terrain 19

20 Logistics Solutions critical to Operations in Afghanistan Kyber Pass 20

21 Normandy – World War II Logistics critical to the invasion of Europe 21

22 Supplying War – Normandy Beaches 22

23 Dien Bien Phu French Logistics shortages led to defeat Good logistics alone can't win a war. Bad logistics alone can lose it. 23

24 Logistics effects in the Iran-Iraq War (Saddām's Qādisiyyah ) Iranian inability to resupply fighting forces decreased effectiveness and changed operational tactics. 24

25 GROUP QUESTIONS 1.At the start, it appeared the Iraqi Air Force was no match for the Iranian Air Force. Over time why was Iran unable to use their air force to give them a big advantage in the conflict? 2. How were Iranian tactics changed due to the impact of logistics 3. How did logistics help…or hurt Iraq during this conflict? 25

26 The following logistic principles are not a checklist, but a guide for analytical thinking and prudent planning: PRINCIPLES OF LOGISTICS Attainability Responsiveness Survivability Sustainability Economy Flexibility Simplicity Principles of Logistics 26

27 Responsiveness – Right support in the right place at the right time – Keystone of the logistic principles, for all else becomes irrelevant if the logistic system cannot support the concept of operations of the supported commander – EXAMPLE: Logistics Support to the Iranian Military was unresponsive during the Iraq-Iran war Principles of Logistics 27

28 Japanese Earthquake and Tsunami (RESPONSIVENESS) 28

29 Attainability – Ability to provide the minimum essential supplies and services required to begin combat operations EXAMPLE: Logistics Build-Up prior to landing on Normandy beaches during WWII Principles of Logistics 29

30 Simplicity – Avoidance of complexity and enhancement of efficiency in both the planning and execution of logistic operations As the different models, types, and configurations of vehicles is increased, logistics becomes more complex and expensive Principles of Logistics 30

31 Flexibility – Ability to adapt logistic structures and procedures to changing situations, missions, and concepts of operations Logistics plans and operations must be flexible to achieve both responsiveness and economy The US efforts to provide logistics to units in Afghanistan are hampered by a lack of good roads making extensive airdrops necessary Principles of Logistics 31

32 Economy – Provision of support at the least cost – EXAMPLE: It is important to return assets for repair if it is more cost effective than simply throwing the asset away and purchasing a replacement. Principles of Logistics 32

33 Notes Slide (Hidden Slide) 33

34 Sustainability – Ability to maintain and continue logistic support to all users throughout the area of operations for the duration of the mission Considered the most difficult task because it entails resupplying the combat forces throughout the entire area of operations EXAMPLE: The French were defeated at Dien Bien Phu because they could not sustain their operations Principles of Logistics 34

35 Survivability – Capacity of the organization to prevail in the face of potential destruction Must include a plan for defense of logistic installations with provisions for reinforcement and fire support EXAMPLE: The US is developing a northern supply route into Afghanistan to avoid the dangers of convoying through Taliban controlled areas of Pakistan Principles of Logistics 35

36 Northern Distribution Route – Example of Survivability Route 2 Route 1 Pakistan Route Route 4 Route 3 36

37 Responsiveness is the primary principle The five rights - - - the simplest definition of logistics Supply the right product at the right place at the right time in the right condition for the right cost to the customer. 37

38 CASE STUDIES 38

39 Iran-Iraq War Iran had problems resupplying parts Tanks requiring only minor repair were abandoned Possessed tanks were poorly suited to operating conditions – created even more logistics requirements CASE STUDY 1 Principles of Logistics 39

40 NOTES SLIDE (hidden slide) Principles of Logistics (1) 40

41 Notes Slide (hidden) Principles of Logistics (2) 41

42 NOTES PAGE (hidden slide) Principles of Logistics (3) 42

43 Iran-Iraq War Iraq seems carefully considered the logistic implications of a war with Iraq well before the fighting actually started. The Iraqis also did their best to maintain a logistic pipeline. CASE STUDY 2 43

44 NATO Operations in Afghanistan Airdrop of Afghan Supplies – Not economic – Not simple CASE STUDY 3 Why is this method an option? 44

45 Military Logistics (Review) ….. those aspects of military operations which deal with: a.Design and development (procurement) b.Storage c.Movement d.Distribution e.Maintenance f.Disposition of materiel g.Evacuation, and hospitalization of personnel h.Construction, maintenance, operation, of facilities i.Procurement or furnishing of services.... 45

46 The Four Logistics Processes Logistics ProcurementDispositionSustainmentDistribution 46

47 Introduction to Procurement Affordable – Consider more than purchase price Effective – Operates when and where needed Reliable – How often is it ready vs. broke? Maintainable – If broken how hard is it to fix? Supportable – Required parts, support equipment, training Interoperable – Will it work with other systems? Goal is to purchase systems that are: 47

48 Procurement: (HIDDEN SLIDE – see notes) 48

49 Purchase Cost vs. Operations and Support Cost Purchase Price: Approximately 22.8B IQD Operations and Support Cost Estimate: Approximately 1.1B IQD …each year Mi-17E Helicopter 49

50 NOTES SLIDES (hidden slide) procurement Cost of New Helicopter 50

51 Introduction to Distribution P rocess of the logistics system to deliver the right things to the right place and right time. Key Elements People Material Facilities Transportation Modes Information 51

52 Hidden Slide (Note Page) (Introduction to Distribution) 52

53 What does Distribution contribute to the fight? Logistics may not be as glamorous as operations….a slow moving convoy of trucks may not seem as exciting as a charging tank column……. …….However, Logistics is an important and inseparable part of military operations. Distribution facilitates movement, fire and sustaining of the combat forces along time and space. يد واحدة لا تصفق (One hand cannot clap) 53

54 Introduction to Sustainment Provision of logistics required to maintain and prolong operations until successful mission accomplishment. Ensure the force is ready to fight; keep the force in the field (endurance) – Maintenance – Supply – Logistics Services 54

55 NOTES PAGE (Hidden Slide) Introduction to Sustainment 55

56 SustainmentPlanning Factors Level and duration Capable of expansion Surge Deploy Robustness 56

57 Introduction to Disposition The challengeconserve the greatest amount of value for the Iraq Security Forces for items no longer required because of damage, wear out, or obsolescence 57

58 Disposition Options for Surplus Items Convert to other use Store for future use Sell to allied customers Sell to general public Scrap Demilitarization Required in some cases 58

59 M110 Self Propelled Howitzer Replaced by Modern Technology Expensive to Operate Gun barrels from retired M110s used as outer casing for GBU-28 Sales to other countries Example of Retired Weapon System 59

60 Logistics –Review of Module 1 The science of planning and carrying out the movement and maintenance of forces. Importance of logistics in military operations Principles of logistics Four logistics processes 60

61 KEY TERMS Supply Chain Logistics Responsiveness Attainability Simplicity Flexibility Economy Sustainability Survivability Procurement Distribution Sustainment Disposition 61

62 Key Terms Effective Reliable Maintainable Supportable Interoperable 62


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