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AASHTO Internal Audit Conference 2012 – Phoenix Daniel Fodera, CMQ/OE Program Management Improvement Team Federal Highway Administration.

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Presentation on theme: "AASHTO Internal Audit Conference 2012 – Phoenix Daniel Fodera, CMQ/OE Program Management Improvement Team Federal Highway Administration."— Presentation transcript:

1 AASHTO Internal Audit Conference 2012 – Phoenix Daniel Fodera, CMQ/OE Program Management Improvement Team Federal Highway Administration

2 Identify the components of the ISO risk management structure. Describe the risk management framework used by the Federal Highway Administration Recognize the steps in the risk management process Discuss how FHWA uses risk management in program oversight

3 Risk Initiatives Affecting FHWA International Risk Scan ISO OST/FMFIA Risk Tools

4 2001 Policy Memo Released 2004 Risk Best Practices Review st Agency- wide Corporate Risk Managemen t Initiative 2007 Risk Mgmt Planning 2007 User Manual Released 2009/2010 FHWA HQ's Offices conducted risk assessment for the 1st time 2009 Corporate Risk Team formed & a corporate risk approach was developed 2011 Intl Risk Scan. ISO FMFIA Risk Tools.

5 1. RM supports strategic organizational alignment 2. Mature organizations have an explicit RM structure 3. Successful organizations have a culture of RM 4. A wide range of RM tools are in use 5. Use of RM tools for programmatic investment decisions 6. A variety of risk allocation methods are available 7. Active risk communication strategies improve decision making 8. RM enhances knowledge management and workforce development

6 ISO 31000

7 ISO Risk Management Structure Design and Framework for managing risk Mandate and Commitment Continual improvement of the framework Implementing risk management Monitoring and review of the framework Communication and Consultation Establishing the context Risk Assessment Monitoring and Review Risk Identification Risk Analysis Risk Evaluation Risk Treatment Principles

8 Design and Framework for managing risk Mandate and Commitment Continual improvement of the framework Implementing risk management Monitoring and review of the framework 1 - FHWA Risk Directive 2 - Risk Management Timeline 3 - Risk Management Process User Manual 4 - Risk Management Q &A 5 – Risk Tracker 6 - Leadership Dashboard Measure

9 Provides the foundation for Risk Management at FHWA Defines what risk means to FHWA Outlines FHWAs Risk Management Process Applies to all organizational units of FHWA.

10 Annual Risk Call aligned with release of Final SIP (3/15) Risk Due Date aligned with Unit Plan Due Date (5/31) Quarterly Updates of Status in Risk Tracker OST/FMFIA Unit Risk Profile annual update to be aligned with Risk/Unit Plan (hopefully) OST FMFIA Inherent Risk Assessment annual update to be done at Component Level and aligned with Risk/Unit Plan (hopefully)

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12 Identify the Context Identify Risks Prioritize Risks Plan and Execute Response Strategies Monitor, Evaluate, and Adjust Communication and Consultation occur at each step Analyze the Risks Assess Impact Assess Likelihood Risk Assessment Internal – anything within the organization that can influence the way in which FHWA will manage risk – mission, objectives, controls, resources, etc. External – key drivers & trends having impact on objectives of the organization, relationships with, perceptions & values of external stakeholders. Risk Management - Are you reassessing previously identified risks or identifying emergent risks? Who will assess what Program Areas? Will it be done individually, in teams or as an office? With input from your partners?

13 Required by and Reported to OST as part of the FMFIA Assurance. Document the Units Internal Controls Completed by all Assessable Units, including the Division Offices Integrated into our annual Risk Management Cycle A Key Part of Step 1: Setting the Context Now Managed by the OCFO in Coordination with the PMI Team

14 Required by and Reported to OST as part of the FMFIA Assurance. Assess the high-level inherent risk of the Component or Unit Completed at the Component level for FHWA. DA Council to Complete One on Behalf of the Division Offices Integrated into our annual Risk Management Cycle A Key Part of Step 1: Setting the Context Managed by the OCFO in Coordination with the PMI Team

15 When identifying risks consider your key objectives: Organizational Objectives in the SIP that affect your Unit Local Unit Objectives Program Objectives (Planning, Environment, ROW etc.) Project Objectives Ask – What Are the Risks to Meeting My Objectives? Brainstorm with the Right Folks Identify the Context Identify Risks Prioritize Risks Plan and Execute Response Strategies Monitor, Evaluate, and Adjust Communication and Consultation occur at each step Analyze the Risks Assess Impact Assess Likelihood Risk Assessment

16 Scale 4 - Catastrophic 3 - Major 2 - Moderate 1 - Minor 0 - Insignificant Criteria Financial Reputation Business Operations Legal & Compliance Infrastructure Assets Resources & Efforts Req. Environment & Culture Safety Identify the Context Identify Risks Prioritize Risks Plan and Execute Response Strategies Monitor, Evaluate, and Adjust Communication and Consultation occur at each step Analyze the Risks Assess Impact Assess Likelihood Risk Assessment

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18 Scale 4 - Almost Certain 3 - Likely 2 - Possible 1 - Unlikely Criteria Outside Control/Influence Fraud, Waste, Abuse Workforce Development/Training FHWA Involvement Consultant Use Identify the Context Identify Risks Prioritize Risks Plan and Execute Response Strategies Monitor, Evaluate, and Adjust Communication and Consultation occur at each step Analyze the Risks Assess Impact Assess Likelihood Risk Assessment Criteria Staffing Operational Procedures Guidance Problem History New Program Complexity

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20 Start with an Expected Value calculation (Impact Rating X Likelihood Rating) Locate the Risks on the Heat Map - a graphical plot to represent the relative placement of risks Adjust Risk Ratings (Top, High, Medium, Low) based on LEADERSHIP VALIDATION Identify the Context Identify Risks Prioritize Risks Plan and Execute Response Strategies Monitor, Evaluate, and Adjust Communication and Consultation occur at each step Analyze the Risks Assess Impact Assess Likelihood Risk Assessment

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22 Your Approach to Treating the Risks Response Strategy Type: Avoid Enhance Mitigate Transfer Accept Identify the Context Identify Risks Prioritize Risks Plan and Execute Response Strategies Monitor, Evaluate, and Adjust Communication and Consultation occur at each step Analyze the Risks Assess Impact Assess Likelihood Risk Assessment

23 Identify the Context Identify Risks Prioritize Risks Plan and Execute Response Strategies Monitor, Evaluate, and Adjust Communication and Consultation occur at each step Analyze the Risks Assess Impact Assess Likelihood Risk Assessment

24 Identify the Context Identify Risks Prioritize Risks Plan and Execute Response Strategies Monitor, Evaluate, and Adjust Communication and Consultation occur at each step Analyze the Risks Assess Impact Assess Likelihood Risk Assessment

25 Questions? Mike Graf Daniel Fodera


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