Presentation on theme: "The Principles of Emergency Management"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Principles of Emergency Management The Philosophy, Principles, Doctrine, and Practice of Emergency Management
2 Course Developers Extraordinaire William L. Waugh, Jr.Lucien G. CantonDavid E. McEntire
3 Course DescriptionThis course focuses on the philosophical and theoretical underpinnings of the emergency management profession and the principles that define effective practice. The starting points are current definitions of emergency management, the mission and vision of the profession, and “The Principles of Emergency Management” developed by the Emergency Management Roundtable in 2007.
4 Course ObjectiveThe objective is to stimulate discussion of the core values that underlie emergency management practice and define the profession. Case studies, exercises, and discussions will be used to encourage critical review of emergency management.
5 Readings: The Principles of Emergency Management, 2007. Canton, Lucien G. Emergency Management: Concepts and Strategies for Effective Programs (Hoboken, NJ: Wiley InterScience, 2007).Waugh, William L., Jr., and Kathleen Tierney, eds., Emergency Management: Principles and Practice for Local Government, 2nd Ed (Washington, DC: ICMA, 2007).McEntire, David A., ed., Disciplines, Disasters, and Emergency Management (Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas, 2007).Robert Ward and Gary Wamsley, “From a Painful Past to an Uncertain Future,” in Claire Rubin, ed., Emergency Management: The American Experience from
6 Recommended Readings: Mileti, Dennis, et al., Disaster by Design (Joseph Henry Publishers, 1999)Tierney, Kathleen et al., Facing the Unexpected (Joseph Henry Publishers, 2001)Auf der Heide, Erik, Disaster Response: Principles of Preparation and Coordination (1989, on line)Lindell, Michael et al., Introduction to Emergency Management (Higher Ed edition or Wiley Pathways edition, 2006)Haddow, George, Case Studies (Higher Education Project)Drabek, Thomas, The Professional Emergency Manager (Institute of Behavioral Science, University of Colorado, 1987).
7 Learning objectives Students will: Develop an understanding of the core principles of emergency management and how they define practice.Develop an understanding of how the profession of emergency management defines itself.Develop an understanding of how lessons learned from past disasters have become principles to guide future action.Develop an understanding of the ethical foundation of emergency management practice.Be able to identify the major principles of emergency management from case studies and other accounts of disaster operations.
8 1. Introduction – the context of emergency management (Waugh) Big ideas in emergency management – increasing vulnerabilities (Katrina examples) - “The emergency management world changed after Katrina”Emergency management and public administration – the administrative and political context – e.g., accountability, governance, stewardship, transparency, shared authority, dispersed resourcesEmergency management and Homeland Security, e.g., turf issues, stovepipe issues, open and closed systemsEmergency management in the private sectorEmergency management and volunteersStandards – NFPA 1600 and EMAP
9 II. Definition, Mission, and Vision of Emergency Management What is and what is not emergency management – defining the practice – EM is not emergency services/response, EM is not Homeland Security,Philosophy – e.g., technocratic, social vulnerability, public administration, civil defense/national security, economic risk reductionDefinitionMissionVisionPrinciples - flyer
10 III. Comprehensive Emergency Management (McEntire) All-hazardsAll stakeholdersAll risksAll phases/functionsAll variables (leading to disasters)
11 IV. Progressive Emergency Management (McEntire) strategic viewlong-term loss reductionbuilding capabilitiesDisaster resistant and resilient communities
12 V. Risk-Driven Emergency Management (Waugh) Risk Assessment OverviewImpact analysisScenario and local risk based planningRisk and Decision making – e.g., budget allocations, emergency planning, etc.Risk case- Dirty Bomb case from Homeland Security and EM courseRisk assessment – Shaw course on Risk Assessment
13 VI. Integrated Emergency Management (Canton) Institutionalizing broad goalsDeveloping a “culture of prevention and preparedness”Integrated planningUnity of effort
14 VII. Collaboration in Emergency Management (Selves) Mapping exerciseCollaborative leadership – article by Waugh and StreibDrabek, Strategies of Coordination in Disaster ResponseBuilding collaborative relationships – trust, communication, sharing informationCustomer service – Project Impact examples, full and equal partnersModels of collaboration – Waugh, Safe Construction reportPublic-Private partnerships – Partnerships in Preparedness (FEMA series) examples
15 VIII. Coordination in Emergency Management (Canton) building a common vision and strategyICS and other structural mechanisms for coordinationmutual assistance (e.g., EMAC), communication (Canton)
16 IX. Flexibility in Emergency Management Planning for changeAdaptation - Every disaster is different, no plan survives contact with the enemyImprovisation - Tricia Wachtendorf, improvisation levels
17 X. Professionalism in Emergency Management Ethics – case studies, IAEM codeLeadership, including symbolic leadershipEmergency services versus emergency managementEducation for emergency managementCEM and related credentials
18 XI. Origins and implications of the principles for emergency management and Homeland Security (Canton)Disaster relief policyEmergency management emergesImpact of DHSFuture policy implications
19 XII. Principles of Emergency Management in the Private Sector Risk in private organizationsApplicability of the principlesQualitative differences from public sectorIntegrating business concepts and principlesStandardization through principles and standardsBusiness continuity planning
20 XIII. Principles of Emergency Management in Nongovernmental Organizations (Waugh) Business continuity planningUmbrella organizations (NVOAD)The NGO networksNongovernmental roles and resourcesNongovernmental organizations – flexibility and capability issues
21 XIV. Toward an International Emergency Management Emergency management in the developed and developing worldsIAEM – Europa, Pacifica, Asia, CanadaThe international emergency management and humanitarian assistance networks
22 XV. Conclusion – The Principles of Emergency Management and Disaster Policy Linking disaster policy to the principles
23 Supporting materials Examinations: Midterm and Final List of Websites Bibliography
24 For each session: 3-4 contact hours Readings – required and recommendedLearning objectivesDiscussion questionsExercises – Table tops, etc., and/or case studies/analysesPowerPoint presentations
25 For Principles sessions: DefinitionWhy importantApplicationsLiterature and examplesBroader implications