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Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall 2002 1 Software Project Management Session 1: Introduction, Fundamentals, Classic Mistakes.

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Presentation on theme: "Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall 2002 1 Software Project Management Session 1: Introduction, Fundamentals, Classic Mistakes."— Presentation transcript:

1 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall Software Project Management Session 1: Introduction, Fundamentals, Classic Mistakes

2 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall Today Course basics, administrative items Introductions Fundamentals Classic Mistakes

3 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall Syllabus Review Grades Exams Assignments Project Class participation Sessions Class web site –http://www.columbia.edu/~jm2217http://www.columbia.edu/~jm2217

4 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall Textbooks Required texts –Rapid Development, Steve McConnell –Information Technology Project Management, Kathy Schwalbe These provide two very different viewpoints In-the-trenches vs. PMI textbook perspective Recommended reading –Quality Software Project Management, D. Shafer –Software Project Survival Guide, Steve McConnell –Peopleware, T. DeMarco and T. Lister

5 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall Basics Essential elements of software project management Practical, rapid development focus Real-world case studies –And other examples like job interviews Highly interactive Dry as toast?

6 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall My Background 20 years, 70 projects Bell Labs, Hughes Aircraft, Solomon, Electronic Arts, MTV, numerous startups Projects of all shapes and sizes Technical questions allowed (after class)

7 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall Your Background Name Day Job or Equivalent Final Project Project Management Experience Industry Experience Optional: Expectations & goals from the class

8 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall The Field Jobs: where are they? Professional Organizations –Project Management Institute (PMI) (pmi.org) –Software Engineering Institute (SEI) –IEEE Software Engineering Group Certifications –PMI PMP The PMBOK – PMI Body of Knowledge Tools –MS Project

9 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall The Field Part 2 Average PM salary $81,000 Contract rates for PMs can match techies PMI certification adds avg. 14% to salary PMI certs, 1993: 1,000; 2002: 40,000 Other cert: CompTIA Project+ Links: See class web site

10 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall Job Fundamentals Skills required PM Positions and roles The process

11 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall Project Management Skills Leadership Communications Problem Solving Negotiating Influencing the Organization Mentoring Process and technical expertise

12 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall Project Manager Positions Project Administrator / Coordinator Assistant Project Manager Project Manager / Program Manager Executive Program Manager V.P. Program Development

13 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall Software Project Management

14 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall PM History in a Nutshell Birth of modern PM: Manhattan Project (the bomb) 1970s: military, defense, construction industry were using PM software 1990s: large shift to PM-based models –1985: TQM – : Re-engineering, self-directed teams – : Risk mgmt, project offices –2000: M&A, global projects

15 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall Project Management Whats a project? PMI definition –A project is a temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product or service Progressively elaborated –With repetitive elements A project manager –Analogy: conductor, coach, captain

16 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall Project vs. Program Management Whats a program? Mostly differences of scale Often a number of related projects Longer than projects Definitions vary Ex: Program Manager for MS Word

17 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall Interactions / Stakeholders As a PM, who do you interact with? Project Stakeholders –Project sponsor –Executives –Team –Customers –Contractors –Functional managers

18 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall PM Tools: Software Low-end –Basic features, tasks management, charting –MS Excel, Milestones Simplicity Mid-market –Handle larger projects, multiple projects, analysis tools –MS Project (approx. 50% of market) High-end –Very large projects, specialized needs, enterprise –AMS Realtime –Primavera Project Manager

19 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall Tools: Gantt Chart

20 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall Tools: Network Diagram

21 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall PMIs 9 Knowledge Areas Project integration management Scope Time Cost Quality Human resource Communications Risk Procurement

22 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall First Principles One size does not fit all Patterns and Anti-Patterns Spectrums –Project types –Sizes –Formality and rigor

23 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall Why Rapid Development Faster delivery Reduced risk Increased visibility to customer Dont forsake quality

24 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall Strategy Classic Mistake Avoidance Development Fundamentals Risk Management Schedule-Oriented Practices

25 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall Four Project Dimensions People Process Product Technology

26 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall Trade-off Triangle Fast, cheap, good. Choose two.

27 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall Trade-off Triangle Know which of these are fixed & variable for every project

28 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall People Its always a people problem Gerald Weinberg, The Secrets of Consulting Developer productivity: 10-to-1 range -Improvements: -Team selection -Team organization –Motivation

29 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall People 2 Other success factors –Matching people to tasks –Career development –Balance: individual and team –Clear communication

30 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall Process Is process stifling? 2 Types: Management & Technical Development fundamentals Quality assurance Risk management Lifecycle planning Avoid abuse by neglect

31 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall Process 2 Customer orientation Process maturity improvement Rework avoidance

32 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall Product The tangible dimension Product size management Product characteristics and requirements Feature creep management

33 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall Technology Often the least important dimension Language and tool selection Value and cost of reuse

34 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall Planning Determine requirements Determine resources Select lifecycle model Determine product features strategy

35 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall Tracking Cost, effort, schedule Planned vs. Actual How to handle when things go off plan?

36 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall Measurements To date and projected –Cost –Schedule –Effort –Product features Alternatives –Earned value analysis –Defect rates –Productivity (ex: SLOC) –Complexity (ex: function points)

37 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall Technical Fundamentals Requirements Analysis Design Construction Quality Assurance Deployment

38 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall Project Phases All projects are divided into phases All phases together are known as the Project Life Cycle Each phase is marked by completion of Deliverables Identify the primary software project phases

39 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall Lifecycle Relationships

40 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall Seven Core Project Phases

41 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall Project Phases A.K.A.

42 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall Phases Variation

43 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall Classic Mistakes McConnells Anti-Patterns Seductive Appeal Types –People-Related –Process-Related –Product-Related –Technology-Related Gilligans Island

44 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall People-Related Mistakes Part 1 Undermined motivation Weak personnel –Weak vs. Junior Uncontrolled problem employees Heroics Adding people to a late project

45 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall People-Related Mistakes Part 2 Noisy, crowded offices Customer-Developer friction Unrealistic expectations Politics over substance Wishful thinking

46 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall People-Related Mistakes Part 3 Lack of effective project sponsorship Lack of stakeholder buy-in Lack of user input

47 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall Process-Related Mistakes Part 1 Optimistic schedules Insufficient risk management Contractor failure Insufficient planning Abandonment of plan under pressure

48 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall Process-Related Mistakes Part 2 Wasted time during fuzzy front end Shortchanged upstream activities Inadequate design Shortchanged quality assurance

49 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall Process-Related Mistakes Part 3 Insufficient management controls Frequent convergence Omitting necessary tasks from estimates Planning to catch-up later Code-like-hell programming

50 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall Product-Related Mistakes Requirements gold-plating –Gilding the lily Feature creep Developer gold-plating –Beware the pet project Push-me, pull-me negotiation Research-oriented development

51 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall Technology-Related Mistakes Silver-bullet syndrome Overestimated savings from new tools and methods –Fad warning Switching tools in mid-project Lack of automated source-code control

52 Q7503 Principles of Project Management, Fall Reading McConnell: Chapters 1-4 –We covered most of Ch 3 today Schwalbe: chapters 1-2, 11 ( )


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