Presentation on theme: "MAJOR MOHD SAKRI BIN HJ HUSSIN"— Presentation transcript:
1MAJOR MOHD SAKRI BIN HJ HUSSIN DISASTER MANAGEMENT (NSC DIRECTIVE NO. 20) A MALAYSIAN PERSPECTIVE BY NATIONAL SECURITY DIVISION PRIME MINISTER DEPARTMENTMAJOR MOHD SAKRI BIN HJ HUSSIN
2POLICY AND MECHANISM IN THE MANAGEMENT OF NATIONAL DISASTER AND RELIEF IN MALAYSIA (NSC DIRECTIVE NO. 20)
3SCOPE OF PRESENTATION 1. Background. 2. Aims and Objective of NSC Directive No. 20.3. Policy of Disaster Management.4. Definition and Types of Disasters.5. Mechanism of Disaster Management.6. Commands and Control in Disaster Management.7. The Role of National Security Division and Agencies in Disaster Management.8. Implication of NSC Directive No. 20.9. Conclusion.
5COLLAPSE OF THE SULTAN ABDUL HALIM JETTY BUTTERWORTH (32 - KILLED/1674 –INJURED) FIRE EXPLOSION AT BRIGHT SPARKLES IN SUNGAI BULUH(22-KILLED/103-INJURED)FIRE EXPLOSION OF CHOON HUNG III VESSEL AT PORT KELANG(10-KILLED)DISASTERSINMALAYSIAMUDSLIDE AT THE ABORIGINES’ AT VILLAGE IN POS DIPANG, KAMPAR, PERAK (44 – KILLED)COLLAPSE OF HIGHLAND TOWERS CONDOMINIUM IN HULU KELANG(48- KILLED)TROPICAL STORM “GREG” IN KENINGAU, SABAH(4,925 HOMES DESTROYED PROPERTIES WORTH 130 MILLION DESTROYED)(230-KILLED)LANDSLIDE AT KM 34 NEAR THE EXIT ROAD TO GENTING HIGHLANDS(20-KILLED)
6The need to have an integrated disaster management system to deal with any kind of disaster The need to formulate a policy and mechanism of Disaster Management in an integrated, coordinated and systematic manner to manage and handle disasters on land.The need to have a sound system of coordination among agencies in search and rescue operations as well as relief and rehabilitation.LESSON LEARNEDThe need to have a specialised and highly skilled search and rescue team.
7NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL DIRECTIVE NO. 20 (The Policy and Mechanism on National Disaster and Relief Management)Following the tragedy of the collape of Highland Towers Condominium, the Malaysian Cabinet made a decision to form a mechanism under the National Security Division, Prime Minister Dept for the management of on scene incident in major disaster on land.
10EXECUTIVE ORDERS BY PRIME MINISTERS NSC DIRECTIVES NO. 20EXECUTIVE ORDERS BY PRIME MINISTERSTo establish a Management Mechanism with the purpose of determining the roles and responsibilities of the various agencies involved in handling disaster.The reduce casualties and minimise damage to properties.To prevent disasters from spreading.To coordinate relief and rehabilitation to victims.To outline a Policy on Disaster Management and Relief on LAND according to the level of disaster.To preserve the environment.To immediately bring back the situation to normalcy.
11POLICY OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT To have an integrated system of disaster management with emphasis on the concerted and coordinated actions.Integrated disaster management system means “a combined and coordinated response of the various agencies in the management of disaster”.Coordinated and concerted actions means “the harmonious integration of all agencies involved with the objective to handle the disaster efficiently and bringing the situation back to normalcy”.
12DEFINITION OF DISASTER For the purpose of NSC Directive No. 20, disaster is defined as “an incident that occurs unexpectedly, complex in nature, resulting in the loss of lives and damage to properties and the environment as well as interfering in the daily activities of the local community. The incident requires the management which involves resources, equipment, frequency and extensive manpower from various agencies as well as effective coordination and the possibility of taking complex actions over a long period of time”
13Nuclear and radiological mishaps. Accidents involvingthe transportation,channelingand transferringof hazardousmaterials.The burst of hydrodam or reservoir.Trains collisionsor derailments.Nuclear and radiological mishaps.Fire outbreak in large areas - forest fires/ open burningsTYPES OF DISASTERSIndustrial disasters : fire, explosion and emission of hazardous materials, channeling and transferring of hazardous materials.Air accidentsthat occur inpopulated areas.Haze, which causesenvironmental disasterNatural disasters : floods, storm, draughts, beach erosion, landslides or disaster resulting from storm and heavy rain.Collapse ofhigh-rise buildings.The emission ofpoisonous gas in public places..
15a). In order to handle the disaster more effectively, a) In order to handle the disaster more effectively, A Disaster Management and Relief Committee (DMRC) is establish at the Federal, State and District Level.b) The membership of DMRC is thus extended to include many agencies in order to effectively handle all types of disasters on land - (inter agency and inter sectoral approach in Disaster Management).
16Member of DMRC At Federal Level Chairman : The Honourable Deputy Prime MinisterDeputy : Minister of Information.Members : Minister of Finance.Minister of National Unity and Community Development.Chief Secretary to the Government.Chief of the Armed Forces.
17Director General of Health. Inspector General of Police.Director General of Health.Director General National Security Division.Director General Fire and Rescue Department.Director General of Atomic Energy Licencing Board.Director General of Broadcasting.Director General of Information.
18Director General of Road Transport Department. Director General of Civil Defence Department.Director General of Public Works Department.Director General ofDepartment of Environment.Director General of Social Welfare.
19Director General of Department of Occupational Safety and Health. Director General of Meteorological Department.Director General of Department of Civil Aviation.Director General of Geological Survey Department.Director General of Drainage and Irrigation Department.
20Representative of Attorney General. Director of Budget, Ministry of Finance.Director of RELA.Also Present : Other related officers.Secretariat : Director of Crisis and Disaster Management UnitNational Security DivisionPrime Minister’s Department.
21Member of DMRC At State Level Chairman : State Secretary.Members : State Chief Police Officer.Brigade Commander of Armed Forces.State Director of Fire and Rescue Department.State Director of Health.Other Directors of Various Agencies at State Level.Secretariat : Director of State NSD.
22Member of DMRC At District Level Chairman : District Officer.Members : Officer in Charge of Police District (OCPD).District Fire and Rescue Department Officer.Representatives from Various Government Departments and Agencies at District Level.Secretariat : Assistant Director of District NSD.
23FUNCTIONS OF DMRCAt Federal Level : To formulate policies and strategies of national disaster management.At State and District Level : To ensure that procedures and plans of actions in disaster management are implemented.To coordinate the activities of disaster mitigation.To coordinate and mobilise logistic requirements from Government and private sectors for disaster operation.To formulate and implement disaster awareness and education.To coordinate disaster drill and exercise.
24HANDLING OF DISASTERS DISASTRIOUS INCIDENTS NSC Directive No. 20 Natural DisastersIndustrial DisastersCollapse of Buildings and StructuresTrains collisions or derailmentEmission of poisonous gasOutbreak of major firesAir accidents in populated areaNSC Directive No. 20(Policy and Mechanism of National Disaster Management)District Disaster Management and Relief CommitteeState Disaster Management and Relief CommitteeFederal Disaster Management and Relief CommitteeIntegration and involvement of relevant
25Fire and Rescue Department Royal Malaysia Police Malaysia Armed Forces Civil Defence DepartmentSMARTHospitalSocial Welfare DepartmentMalaysia Red CrescentSt. John AmbulanceRELAPublic Works DepartmentGeological DepartmentInformation DepartmentLocal AuthoritiesTNBSTMBVoluntary Organisations/NGOsSearch and RescueEmergency MedicineEmergency Relief and WelfareEvacuation of VictimsCommunicationLogistic and WorkforceMedia HandlingElectricity and basic necessitiesTechnical / Experts adviceSecurity and traffic control
26AGENCIES ROLES AT DISASTER SITE EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICE SEARCH AND RESCUEEMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICESUPPORTMEDIAHospitalMalaysia Red CrescentSt. John AmbulanceETCLocal AuthoritiesPublic Works DepartmentTelephone BoardElectricity BoardThe ArmyThe PoliceETCInformation DepartmentBroadcasting DepartmentSMARTPoliceATMFire and Rescue DepartmentCivil Defence DepartmentETCSECURITY CONTROLWELFAREThe PoliceRELAETCSocial Welfare DepartmentVoluntary OrganisationETC
29ON-SCENE CONTROL POST (OSCP) Established and headed by the OCPD.Coordinate and implement all activities related to disaster operation such as search and rescue and relief works at the scene.
30ON-SCENE COMMANDER OCPD - District Level. Chief Police Officer - State Level.Director of Internal Security and Public Order of Royal Malaysia Police – Federal Level.
31DISASTER OPERATION CONTROL CENTRE (DOCC) Disaster Management and Relief Committee hold the meeting at the DOCC.Headed by the District Officer at District Level, State Secretary at State Level and National DMRC Chairman at Federal Level.Monitor the development of disaster.Coordinate efforts in search and rescue, emergency and relief in order to ensure that these efforts are effectively and smoothly implemented.
33Secretariat to the DOCC. To ensure and procure equipment required for the DOCC to operate.To ensure that the policy and mechanism in disaster management are observed.To activate the DOCC:In time of impending disaster (NSC Ops Order 1/98 on open burning and forest fires).In time of disaster.To carry out the disaster post mortem.
35Enforcement With effect from 11 May 1997. All other Disaster Management Committees, which monitor disasters on land such as Industrial Disaster Committee, are dissolved.
36Administration All agencies concerned to prepare their SOPs. SOP should include measures taken in disaster prevention. e.g. SOP for DOSH should include:measures taken on factories / hazardous plants in “Safety and Health Audit” (SHE AUDIT).review and update “Emergency Response Plans (ERP)” of industries / factories in order to prevent and handle industrial accident / disaster.
39NSC Directive No. 20 is a proactive and reactive generic plan in disaster management. Integrated disaster management in prevention, preparedness, response and recovery.PreventionPrevention measures in mitigation aspects to minimise impact of disasters on life, properties and environment.Preventive by enforcement of laws such as:
40- Land Conservation Act. - Environmental Quality Act 1974.- Local Government Act 1976.- Road, Drainage and Building Act.- Occupational Safety and Health Act.Prevention by the practice of disaster awareness and education.
41PreparednessAgencies should have SOPs and should be reviewed and updated.Agencies should enhance their disaster warning systems.To enhance communication system for effective disaster handling.To prepare and update Database on resources/ equipment.
42ResponseTo mobilise search and rescue teams and supporting personnel and relief resources to disaster scene immediately.RecoveryTo reconstruct essential utilities, services and houses.Medical and health care for victims.Relief assistance to victims.e.g. financial, materials.
43The elements of disaster management have broad application The elements of disaster management have broad application. There is no single and specific method in handling a disaster. The application and method of disaster management do not only depend on types, location and levels of disaster, but also depend on the effectiveness and good system of management as well as the total commitment of Agencies involved in handling a disaster.