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LO 3: Understand sustainable construction techniques that are fit for purpose An introduction.

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Presentation on theme: "LO 3: Understand sustainable construction techniques that are fit for purpose An introduction."— Presentation transcript:

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2 LO 3: Understand sustainable construction techniques that are fit for purpose An introduction

3 Fit for Purpose The design specification and materials used for a development must be capable of withstanding any normally damaging effects like: Weather – flooding – actions of occupants – stresses imposed by whatever the building is used for, like machines in a factory

4 Fit for Purpose All of these factors must be taken into consideration at the design state of a development. For sustainable construction the factors need to include the environmental cost of the materials as well as the maintenance costs – as BTEC says:

5 BTEC says: to meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs How to specify fit for purpose?

6 Fit for Purpose - specification Materials are tested and awarded standards that indicate their usefulness in specific applications, those standards include: British Standards – under Royal Charter BSI Group produce standards for materials; goods and services and award them a charter mark; the BSI kite mark

7 More Fit for Purpose Standards The European Committee for Standardisation, provides Europe wide standards of conformity; all products have to gain a CE mark so that they can be placed on the market in the European Economic Area

8 More Fit for Purpose Standards Manufacturers and insurance companies produce their own standards too, such as: Zurichs Solid Foundation Building Guarantees Technical Manual National House Building Council – NHBC provides annually updated standards that includes materials, techniques and legislation

9 Sustainable Methods/Techniques Sustainability requires that the construction industry uses energy and materials that are renewable and reusable Renewable like wood, bio-fuels, tidal or wind power and Reusable like sectional steel, concrete slab, hardcore, etc.

10 Energy Reduction Techniques Reduction of energy used – employing wind turbines and photo voltaic cells (solar panels for electricity) in the completed developments Specify grade A energy efficient appliances, use low energy lighting, sun tubes, skylights, etc., Fitting thermal insulation, reduce air leakage into/from buildings, condensing boilers that recover heat from the exhaust gasses

11 Sustainable Energy Techniques Recovering energy by use of heat pumps Solar panels built into roof tiles Geothermal energy from deep in the Earth Wave turbines – energy from waves not tide Hydro-electric schemes dams/tidal There are others…

12 Sustainable Materials Sheeps wool thermal insulation Recycled paper for insulation Cedar timber cladding for insulation Selected plants for green roofs – insulating Engineered timber sections – wooden I beams that are light but strong

13 Waste Based Techniques Waste is costly, not just in terms of money but through the cost of transporting to and from site and in landfill disposal Managing the delivery of just enough materials is the best way to reduce this waste but it will still occur at times. There are processes and techniques that demand spare material for safety and efficiency of workers

14 Waste Based Techniques If the site is big enough a heat and power generator can be used to dispose of sawdust and wooden off cuts reducing power required from the National Grid Materials cast off by one site can go to another local site

15 Waste Avoidance Excellent management can reduce waste Accurate ordering of materials Training to avoid waste Coordinating modular dimensions throughout the industry leading to there being virtually no off cuts

16 Recycling Examples of recycling include: crushed concrete from demolition being used for in-fill Crushed slates and similar materials mixed with adhesive to create new slates Glass recycles into a range of products including non-itch glass fibre insulation

17 Efficient Construction Techniques Off-site construction allows the factory style production of component parts for entire buildings – making modular building components reduces waste, increases efficiency and reduces cost Materials are delivered to an industrial area, waste is recycled by related industries locally and provision is built into the factory for the extraction and collection of dust Continued…

18 Efficient Construction Techniques The structures are manufactured under ideal environmental condition, creating modules that are assembled on-site Modules/component parts can be delivered to the sit just in time (JIT) for the relevant skilled workers to assemble the modules JIT construction reduces disruption to local residents, reduces noise, dust, etc. Modular homes can be completed in very short times, simply delivered on-site and bolted together they can be weather proof very quickly

19 Task 1 Find an energy based sustainable construction method – possibly from this document – and show how you would employ the method while ensuring the construction would be fit for purpose. Hint – imagine you are building a single storey farm store with lights but no heating, would you use wind turbines, solar power, tidal

20 Task 2 Explain the use of a materials based sustainable construction method that is fit for purpose Hint: imagine yourself ordering thermal insulation for a school building, what would you order and how would you make sure it was fit for the purpose

21 Task 3 You have been given the task of managing the waste produced by the demolition of an old school (say CWCs old building) it is made of concrete, glass and steel. It is a large site with room for machines where the car parks are Hint: it is only waste if you cannot think of someone else who wants it – BUT – you cannot give to a contractor who will dump it on a farm (that wouldnt be fit for purpose)

22 and Finally… Assignment three – the third and last of Unit 2, is in the usual place: http://gillain.co.uk/CWC/ You are due to start the assignment in the week starting 12 December I will be expecting the completed assignments before 20 th of January 2012 and we start Unit 29 – Construction in Civil Engineering In the week of 9 th January 2012


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