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Grammar – 6 th Grade Learning and practicing the tenses.

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1 Grammar – 6 th Grade Learning and practicing the tenses

2 TENSES - זמנים We have the same tenses in Hebrew and English. Past, Present and Future. In English there are many ways of expressing an action or situation in each tense. כמו בעברית, גם באנגלית יש לנו את שלושת הזמנים : עבר, הווה ועתיד באנגלית ישנם דרכים רבות לבטא פעולה או מצב עבור כל זמן.

3 The Tenses The Tenses Main Menu Present Simple Present Simple – הווה פשוט Present Simple Present Simple Present Progressive Present Progressive – הווה מתמשך Present Progressive Present Progressive Past Simple Past Simple – עבר פשוט Past Simple Past Simple Future Simple Future Simple – עתיד פשוט ( עוד לא למדנו ) Spelling rules – חוקי איות לפעלים בזמנים השונים Spelling rules

4 Present Simple We use the present simple to expresses an action in the present taking place once, never or several times. It is also used to expresses facts in the present. אנו משתמשים בהווה פשוט לבטא פעולות בהווה שקורות באופן חד פעמי, תמיד, אף פעם או מספר פעמים ( גם אם הפעולות התרחשו עבר ועוד יתרחשו בעתיד שוב ). אנו משתמשים בהווה פשוט גם על מנת להצביע על עובדות. תפריט ראשי Present simple הסבר כללי תבנית תבניות (+)(-)(?) תרגול next behave/hasverbs

5 Present Simple Form bam Verb bI am a girl. is She is a baby. are They are pupils. have/hashas Verb have/hasShe has a book. have We have homework verbwalk Regular verbThey walk to school everyday drives She drives to work every morning. Subject נושא be have/has verb תבניות למשפטים חיוביים, שליליים ושאלות Rest of the sentence. המשך המשפט. תפריט ראשי Present simple הסבר כללי תבנית תבניות (+)(-)(?) תרגול

6 Present Simple Form I (-) Negative ama pupilnotI am not a pupil (?) Question Youarea pupil?Are you a pupil? (+) Positive Iama pupil Sheisfunny I am a pupil HeIt arefriendsYouWeThey have I have a box. has She has a hat. eat They eat lunch at 12:00. eats He eats lunch at 12:00. have I dont have a box. have Do you have a box ? have She doesnt have a hat. have Does she have a hat ? eat They dont eat lunch at 12:00. eat Do they eat lunch at 12:00 ? eat He doesnt eat lunch at 12:00. eat Does he eat lunch at 12:00 ? שימו לב! בשלילי ובשאלות הפועל חוזר לצורתו המקורית תפריט ראשי Present simple הסבר כללי תבנית תבניות (+)(-)(?) תרגול

7 Present Simple be be We use the present simple be to expresses an action in the present taking place once. להיות משתמשים בפועל להיות לבטא מצב חד פעמי am is are We have 3 be verbs - am / is / are להיות am is are באנגלית יש 3 פעלי להיות - am / is / are hewe am isare I am she isthey are ityou am I am tired. is She is sad. are We are hungry. Practice am / is / are תפריט ראשי Present simple הסבר כללי תבנית תבניות (+)(-)(?) תרגול

8 positivenegativequestion II am hungry.I am not hungry.Am I hungry? youYou are Sam. heHe is not here. sheIs she loud? itIt is okay. weAre we fine? youYou are not friendly. theyAre they happy? Exercise on present simple with 'be תפריט ראשי Present simple הסבר כללי תבנית תבניות (+)(-)(?) תרגול

9 positivenegativequestion II am hungry.I am not hungry.Am I hungry? youYou are Sam.You are not Sam.Are you Sam? heHe is here.He is not here.Is he here? sheShe is loud.She is not loud.Is she loud? itIt is okay.It is not okay.Is it okay? weWe are fine.We are not fine.Are we fine? youYou are not friendly. Are you friendly? theyThey are happy.They are not happy.Are they happy? Exercise on present simple with 'be - ANSWERS תפריט ראשי Present simple הסבר כללי תבנית תבניות (+)(-)(?) תרגול

10 Present Simple have/has have/has We use the present simple have/has to expresses possession. It is also used to expresses facts. משתמשים בפועל יש ל... לבטא שייכות ( יש לי, יש לה, שי לנו, יש להם וכו ') have has We have 2 verbs – have / has שייכות have has באנגלית יש 2 פעלי שייכות - have / has hewe havehashave I haveshe hasthey have ityou have I have a cat has She has soda. have We have shoes. Practice have/has תפריט ראשי Present simple הסבר כללי תבנית תבניות (+)(-)(?) תרגול

11 Exercise on present simple with have/has positivenegativequestion II have a dog.I do not have a dog.Do I have a dog? youYou have a bike. he He does not have a beard. she Does she have a sister? itIt has a window. weDo we have a car? youYou do not have time. they Do they have money? תפריט ראשי Present simple הסבר כללי תבנית תבניות (+)(-)(?) תרגול

12 positivenegativequestion II have a dog.I do not have a dog.Do I have a dog? youYou have a bike.I do not have a bike.Do I have a bike? heHe has a beard, He does not have a beard. Does he have a beard? sheShe has a sister. She does not have a sister. Does she have a sister? itIt has a window. It does not have a window. Does it have a window? weWe have a car.We do not have a car.Do we have a car? youYou have time.You do not have time.Do you have time? theyThey have money. They do not have money. Do they have money? Exercise on present simple with have/has - ANSWERS תפריט ראשי Present simple הסבר כללי תבנית תבניות (+)(-)(?) תרגול

13 verbs Present Simple verbs verbs We use the present simple regular verbs to expresses actions that never happen or happen several times. It is also used to expresses facts. משתמשים בפועל לבטא פעולות שקורות בדרך כלל, או אף פעם לא. לכינויי הגוף he, she ו - it נוסיף s, es, ies בסוף הפועל בהתאם. We use regular verb for the pronouns: I, you, we, they We use verb + s / es / ies for the pronouns: he, she and it I he eat, runeats, runs we eat, runshe eats, runs they drink, sititdrinks, sits you eat I eat lunch. drink We drink tea. eats She eats lunch. drinks He drinks tea Practice verbs Rules for adding s / es / ies חוקים להוספת Rules for adding s / es / ies חוקים להוספת תפריט ראשי Present simple הסבר כללי תבנית תבניות (+)(-)(?) תרגול

14 positivenegativequestions II play.I do not play.Do I play? youYou help. he He does not answer. sheDoes she sing? itIt rains. weDo we dream? youYou do not read. theyDo they work? Exercise on present simple with verbs תפריט ראשי Present simple הסבר כללי תבנית תבניות (+)(-)(?) תרגול

15 positivenegativequestions II play.I do not play.Do I play? youYou help.You do not help.Do you help? heHe answers. He does not answer. Does he answer? sheShe sings.She does not sing,Does she sing? itIt rains.It does not rain.Does it rain? weWe dream.We do not dream.Do we dream? youYou read.You do not read.Do you read? theyThe work.They do not work.Do they work? Exercise on present simple with verbs - ANSWERS תפריט ראשי Present simple הסבר כללי תבנית תבניות (+)(-)(?) תרגול

16 Practice on present simple sentences 1.My dad _____ singing. (like/ likes) 2.He ______ my boyfriend. (am/is/are) 3.Sara _____ to watch T.V. (enjoy / enjoys) 4.Sasha doesnt ______ to wash the dishes. (like/ likes) 5.Grandpa ______ the newspaper. (has/ have) 6.They ______ enjoy cleaning their room. (dont / doesnt) 7.He _____ books in the library. (read/ reads) 8.I ____ to school by taxi. (go / goes) 9.They ______ a football at home. (has/ have) 10.We ____ lunch in the restaurant. (eat/eats) 11.She _____ to school. (walk/walks) 12.The boys ______ a tie, blue shorts and black shoes. (has/have) Present progressive תפריט ראשי Present simple הסבר כללי תבנית תבניות (+)(-)(?) תרגול

17 Present Progressive The present progressive is used for actions going on in the moment of speaking and for actions taking place only for a short period of time. It is also used to express development and actions that are arranged for the near future. אנו משתמשים בהווה מתמשך לבטא פעולות ברגע התרחשותן, ולזמן מוקצב. אנו משתמשים בו גם לבטא תוכניות לעתיד הקרוב. next תפריט ראשי Present Prog. הסבר כללי תבנית תבניות (+)(-)(?) תרגול

18 Present Progressive Form aming I am sleeping now. We can see the action taking place Like seeing through the glasses. אנו יכולים לצפות בפעולה כמו דרך המשקפיים בזמן התרחשותה I am teaching English today. Subject נושא am be is are הפועל להיות Verb הפועל ing תוספת תבניות למשפטים חיוביים, שליליים ושאלות Rest of the sentence. המשך המשפט. Rules for adding ing חוקים להוספת Rules for adding ing חוקים להוספת תפריט ראשי Present Prog. הסבר כללי תבנית תבניות (+)(-)(?) תרגול

19 Present Progressive Form positivenegativequestion II am playing.I am not playing.Am I playing? he, she, itHe is playing.He is not playing.Is he playing? you, we, theyYou are playing. You are not playing. Are you playing? I (-) Negative amplayingnotI am not playing (?) Question Iamplaying?Am I playing? (+) Positive Iamplaying Sheisplaying I am playing HeIt areplayingYouWeThey תפריט ראשי Present Prog. הסבר כללי תבנית תבניות (+)(-)(?) תרגול

20 positivenegativequestion II am working.I am not working.Am I working? youYou are jumping. heHe is not dreaming. sheIs she sleeping? itIt is snowing. weAre we singing? youYou are not fighting. theyAre they reading? Exercise on present progressive תפריט ראשי Present Prog. הסבר כללי תבנית תבניות (+)(-)(?) תרגול

21 positivenegativequestion II am working.I am not working.Am I working? youYou are jumping.You are not jumping.Are you jumping? heHe is dreaming.He is not dreaming.Is he dreaming? sheShe is sleeping.She is not sleeping.Is she sleeping? itIt is snowing.It is not snowing.Is it snowing? weWe are singing.We are not singing.Are we singing? youYou are fighting.You are not fighting.Are you fighting? theyThey are reading.They are not reading.Are they reading? Exercise on present progressive ANSWERS תפריט ראשי Present Prog. הסבר כללי תבנית תבניות (+)(-)(?) תרגול

22 Practice on present progressive sentences 1.My mum __________ toady. (work) 2.You __________ silly now. (be) 3.Lili __________ T.V. this afternoon. (watch) 4.Shosh __________ her homework now. (not do) 5.Look! The cat __________ with the ball. (play) 6.They __________ this movie. (not enjoy) 7.They __________ their room today. (clean) 8.He __________ a book in the library now. (read) 9.I __________ to school by taxi today. (go) 10.They __________ fun at the soccer match (have) תפריט ראשי Present Prog. הסבר כללי תבנית תבניות (+)(-)(?) תרגול

23 Past Simple action situation The simple past expresses an action or a situation in the past that has ended. regular irregular We have 2 kinds of verbs: regular and irregular מצבים ופעולות פעלים רגיליםופעלים יוצאי דופן אנו נשתמש בעבר הפשוט כאשר נבטא מצבים ופעולות שהתרחשו בעבר והסתיימו. הפעלים המבטאים פעולות מתחלקים ל 2 סוגים : פעלים רגילים, ופעלים יוצאי דופן Past Simple תפריט ראשי Past Simple הסבר כללי תבנית תבניות (+)(-)(?) תרגול next Past be Regular verbs Irregular verbs

24 Past Simple Form bwas Verb bI was a cute baby. was She was a cute baby. were They were cute babies. Regularbaked Verb RegularShe baked a cake. did We did our homework Irregularwent Regular IrregularThey went to school yesterday drove She drove to work yesterday. Subject נושא was/were Regular Irregular תבניות למשפטים חיוביים, שליליים ושאלות Rest of the sentence. המשך המשפט. תפריט ראשי Past Simple הסבר כללי תבנית תבניות (+)(-)(?) תרגול

25 Past Simple Form I (-) Negative wasa pupilnotI was not a pupil (?) Question Youwerea pupil?Were you a pupil? (+) Positive Iwasa pupil Shewasfunny I was a pupil HeIt werefriendsYouWeThey watched You watched a movie. ate They ate lunch at 12:00. watch You didnt watch a movie. watch Did you watch a box ? eat They didnt eat lunch at 12:00. eat Did they eat lunch at 12:00 ? שימו לב! בשלילי ובשאלות הפועל חוזר לצורתו המקורית תפריט ראשי Past Simple הסבר כללי תבנית תבניות (+)(-)(?) תרגול

26 Past Simple be be We use the past simple be to expresses a situation in the past that is no longer happening. It is also used to expresses facts. להיות משתמשים בפועל להיות לבטא מצב חד פעמי או עובדות בעבר waswere There are 2 be verbs in the past - was/were להיות waswere באנגלית יש 2 פעלי להיות בעבר – was/were I you was were hewaswe were shethey it was I was tired. was She was sad. were We were hungry. Practice was / were תפריט ראשי Past Simple הסבר כללי תבנית תבניות (+)(-)(?) תרגול

27 Practice Past Simple be Cinderella It is a quarter past midnight Cinderella is in the kitchen. She is very sad. Her face and her hands are dirty again. Her dress is old and torn*. There are tears* in her eyes. She remembers the ball* at the palace. Half an hour ago, life was so wonderful… Half an hour ago It was 11:45. She ______ in the palace. Her wicked* sisters ______ there too, but Cinderella ______ the most beautiful girl at the ball. The prince ______ so happy to see her and dance with her! Oh, it ______ like a dream. The princes eyes ______ like two shiny* starts. But… it ______ almost midnight. The dream ______ over. torn = קרוע tears = דמעות ball = נשף wicked = רשעיות shiny = זוהר תשובות was werewas was was werewas was תפריט ראשי Past Simple הסבר כללי תבנית תבניות (+)(-)(?) תרגול

28 Past Simple regular verbs regular verbs We use the past simple regular verbs to expresses actions that happened in the past. We add: d, ed or ied to the original verb. משתמשים בפועל לבטא פעולות בעבר. לכל פועל מקורי נוסיף d, ed, ied בהתאם. ed He visited his parents every weekend. ed She liked her hair short. Practice regular verbs Rules for adding d / ed / ied חוקים להוספת Rules for adding d / ed / ied חוקים להוספת תפריט ראשי Past Simple הסבר כללי תבנית תבניות (+)(-)(?) תרגול

29 _____Mike visit his grandmother last night? (do) Alex _________ last weekend. (not work) Judy and Liz ________ you last month. (visit) I _______ English for two years. (study) I _________ a movie yesterday. (not see) _____ you have dinner last night? (do) I _______ work early yesterday. (finish) He _______ from the airport at 8:00. (arrive) I _____ in Brazil for two years. (live) We ______ on the phone for thirty minutes (talk) Practice Past Simple regular verbs Did didnt work didnt see visited studied talked תשובות lived arrived finished תפריט ראשי Past Simple הסבר כללי תבנית תבניות (+)(-)(?) תרגול

30 Past Simple irregular verbs irregular verbs We use the past simple irregular verbs to expresses actions that happened in the past. The verb changes, there are no rules (we have to memories them) משתמשים בפועל לבטא פעולות בעבר. הפועל יוצא הדופן משתנה, אין חוקים קבועים ( לכן צריך ללמוד אותם בעל - פה ) sat He sat on the chair. (sit( פועל מקורי - spoke They spoke English together. (speak( פועל מקורי - Irregular verbs list תפריט ראשי Past Simple הסבר כללי תבנית תבניות (+)(-)(?) תרגול

31 Past Simpleirregular verbs Past Simple irregular verbs Verb (present simple) Irregular verb (past simple) Verb (present simple) Irregular verb (past simple) findfoundtaketook singsangsaysaid getgotdodid makemadedrinkdrank sitsateatate runrangivegave gowentseesaw bringbroughtput givegavefallfell sleepsleptpaypaid diediedbecomebecame תפריט ראשי Past Simple הסבר כללי תבנית תבניות (+)(-)(?) תרגול

32 Practice Past Simple irregular verbs next תשובות 1.They _____ at the beach all day. (sit) 2.I _____ a movie yesterday. (see) 3.I _____ the new iPad yesterday. (get) 4.We _____ at the restaurant an hour ago. (eat) 5.I _____ to Eilat last week. (go) 6.She _____ in the concert last year. (sing) 7.They _____ me the new Harry Potter book. (give) 8.Where are my keys? I _____ them on the table last night. (put) 9.I _____ very good last night. (sleep) 10.She _____ it was her horse. (say) sat saw got ate went sang gave put slept said תפריט ראשי Past Simple הסבר כללי תבנית תבניות (+)(-)(?) תרגול

33 Practice on past simple sentences 1.My dad _____ singing. (like) 2.He ______ my boyfriend. (be) 3.Sara _____ to watch T.V. (enjoy) 4.Sasha doesnt ______ to wash the dishes. (like) 5.Grandpa ______ the newspaper. (has) 6.They ______ enjoy cleaning their room. (not do) 7.He _____ books in the library. (read) 8.I ____ to school by taxi. (go) 9.They ______ a football at home. (has) 10.We ____ lunch in the restaurant. (eat) 11.She _____ to school. (walk) 12.The boys ______ a tie, blue shorts and black shoes. (has) תפריט ראשי Past Simple הסבר כללי תבנית תבניות (+)(-)(?) תרגול

34 Grammar spelling rules Present Simple – s / es / iess / es / ies Present progressive – inging Past simple – regular verbs – d / ed / iedd / ed / ied תפריט ראשי Spelling rules

35 Adding - s/es/ies Exceptions in spelling when adding sExample בדרך כלל נוסיף רק s לפועל run – she runs, eat – he eats אם הפועל מסתיים ב – e הוסיפו רק s.love – she loves, bake – he bakes אם הפועל מסתיים ב – s,sh,ch,o,x הוסיפו es. wash – she washes catch – he catches fix –he fixes אם הפועל מסתיים ב – y ולפניו יש אות רגילה נשמיט את ה – y ונוסיף ies. hurry – he hurries Cry – she cries אבל : אם הפועל מסתיים ב – y ולפניו אות ניקוד (a, e, i, o, u) נוסיף רק s. play – it plays Now practice תרגול הכלל תפריט ראשי Spelling rules Present Simple תרגול

36 Practice Adding - s/es/ies I go – it goes I wish - he ___________ I hurry - he ___________ I do - she___________ I kiss - she___________ I worry - he ___________ I teach - she___________ I miss the bus. - She ___________ the bus. I know you. - She ___________ you. I sit down. - She ___________ down. I often cry. - She often ___________. תפריט ראשי Spelling rules Present Simple תרגול

37 Practice Adding - s/es/ies ANSWERS I go – it goes I wish - he wishes I hurry - he hurries I do – she does I kiss – she kisses I worry - he worries I teach – she teaches I miss the bus. - She misses the bus. I know you. - She knows you. I sit down. - She sits down. I often cry. - She often cries. תפריט ראשי Spelling rules Present Simple תרגול

38 Adding - ing Exceptions in spelling when adding ing בדרך כלל נוסיף לפועל ingwork - working אם הפועל מסתיים ב – e שותקת ( קסומה ) נשמיט אותה לפני הוספת ה - ing. come – coming Bake - baking אבל : אם הפועל מסתיים ב ee אנו לא נסיר אותה לפני ההוספה.agree - agreeing אם הפועל בעל הברה אחת ומסתיים ברנ " ר (cvc) נכפיל את האות האחרונה לפני הוספת ה - ing. ( בפעלים בעלי 2 הברות ומעלה המסתיימים ברנ " ר יש לבדוק היכן הדגש ) sit – sitting visit – visiting prefer - preferring אבל : אם הפועל בעל הברה אחת רנ " ר מסתיים באותיות x, y, z לא נכפיל אותן לפני ההוספה. buy - buying אם פועל מסתיים בשילוב האותיות ie, יש להפוך אותם ל - y לפני ההוספה. lie - lying Now practice תרגול הכלל תפריט ראשי Spelling rules Present Prog. תרגול

39 Practice adding - ing make - making have - ___________ sit - ___________ run - ___________ tie - ___________ stop - ___________ model - ___________ get - ___________ travel - ___________ tie - ___________ תפריט ראשי Spelling rules Present Prog. Present Prog. תרגול

40 Practice adding - ing ANSWERS make - making have - having sit - sitting run - running tie - tying stop - stopping model - modeling get - getting travel - traveling tie - tying תפריט ראשי Spelling rules Present Prog. תרגול

41 Adding - d/ed/ied Exceptions in spelling when adding edExample ברך כלל נוסיף ed לפועל work - worked אם הפועל כבר מסתיים עם e נוסיף רק dlove – loved, bake – baked אם הפועל בעל הברה אחת ומסתיים ברנ " ר (cvc) נכפיל את האות האחרונה לפני הוספת ה - ed. ( בפעלים בעלי 2 הברות ומעלה המסתיימים ברנ " ר יש לבדוק היכן הדגש ) Fit – fitted plan – planned admit – admitted visit – visited אבל : אם הפועל בעל הברה אחת רנ " ר מסתיים באותיות x, y, z לא נכפיל אותן לפני ההוספה. fix - fixed אם הפועל מסתיים ב – y ולפניו יש אות רגילה נשמיט את ה – y ונוסיף ied. hurry – hurried cry - cried אבל : אם הפועל מסתיים ב – y ולפניו אות ניקוד (a, e, i, o, u) נוסיף רק ed. play – it played Now practice תרגול הכלל תפריט ראשי Spelling rules Past Simple תרגול

42 Practice Adding - d/ed/ied answer - answered ask - ___________ bark - ___________ call - ___________ mix - ___________ climb - ___________ collect - ___________ live - ___________ have - ___________ cry - ___________ תפריט ראשי Spelling rules Past Simple תרגול

43 Practice Adding - d/ed/ied ANSWERS answer - answered ask - asked bark - barked call - called mix - mixed climb - climbed collect - collected live - lived have - had cry - cried תפריט ראשי Spelling rules Past Simple תרגול

44 Links to practice the tenses Simple Present / Present Progressive Past Simple תפריט ראשי


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