Presentation on theme: "Construction Materials and Standards __________________ Zlatan Manov, Head of Department for Materials Part. No. 8."— Presentation transcript:
Construction Materials and Standards __________________ Zlatan Manov, Head of Department for Materials Part. No. 8
Content: Regulations (Standards) and Attestation Orders (Directives) Necessary for realization of the project ECO-PCCM Standards in importance Acoustics Technical requirements Harmonization of Domestic and European Regulations in the Field of Technology of Preparation of Concrete and Construction of Concrete Structures Materials and Structural Elements to be Used for Comparison of Our New Materials and New Structural Systems Technical Conditions for Design of Residential Structures MKS U.J5.600
Regulations (Standards) and Attestation Orders (Directives) Necessary for Realization of the project entitled ECO-PCCM I. Official Register of SFRY (no. 26/1969) – (1999) Book of Regulations for Technical Measures and Conditions for Roof Plane Slopes. Book of Regulations for Technical Measures and Conditions for Construction of Residential Structures According to the System of Modular Coordination of Measures. Book of Regulations for Technical Measures and Conditions for Carbon Hydrate Hydro-isolations of Roof Terraces. II.Book of Regulations for Technical Measures and Conditions for Lightweight Aggregate Concrete (Official Register no. 1/1972) MKS U. M4 Standards. III.Order for Obligatory Attestation of Prefabricated Elements of Cell Concrete (Official Register no. 67/1985). Order for obligatory testing of prefabricated elements constructed of cell concrete (Official Register no. 67/1980). IV.Book of Regulations for Technical Norms for High-Rise Construction in Seismically Prone Areas (Official Register no. 31/1981), Amendments and Modifications (Official Register no. 21/1988 and Official Register no. 52/1990). Law on Construction of Investment Structures (Official Register no. 15/1983).
Regulations (Standards) and Attestation Orders (Directives) Necessary for Realization of the project entitled ECO-PCCM V. Law on Accreditation and Amendment of the Law on Construction of Investment Structures (Official Register no. 11/1987). VI. Book of Regulations for Obligatory Attesting of Facade Bricks and Blocks of Clay and Laboratory Conditions (Official Register no. 24/1990) MKS D1.... VII. Book of Regulations for Obligatory Attesting of Clay tiles and Conditions to be Fulfilled by the Organizations Regarding Laboratory Conditions (Official Register no. 24/1990). VIII. Book of Regulations for Modification and Amendment of the Book of Regulations for Standards and Norms for Physical Planning (Official Register no. 102/2000) and law (Official Register no. 28/1997). IX. Law on Construction Land (Official Register no. 53/2001). Law on Prescription of Technical Requirements for Producers and Evaluation of Compatibility (Official Register no. 55/2002). X. Law on Modification and Amendments of the Law on Physical and Urban Planning (Official register no. 53/2001). XI. Law on Standardization (Official Register no. 23/1995 and no. 54/2002). XII. Law on Metrology (Official Register no. 55/2002). XIII. Law on Protection and Improvement of Environment and Nature (Official Register no. 13/2003).
Standards in importance І BUILDINGS CONSTRUCTION – THERMAL REQUIREMENTS 1. Aerated concrete – determination of freezing resistance of prefabricated elements: MKS U.N1.315/ Buildings construction- Expression of users requirements – part 1 : Thermal requirements MKS ISO / Thermal insulation – Mineral wool for ventilated roof spaces – part 2 : Specification for horizontal applications with unrestricted ventilation MKS ISO / Testing of buildings materials – determination of heat conductance coefficient - heat plate method MKS U.A Measurement of diffusivity of water vapour MKS U.J Determination of the thermal conductivity test by the sphere method (MKS U.J5.040 ); by the tube method (MKS U.J5.042 ) 7. Heat in civil engineering - measuring specific heat capacity (MKS U.J5.050 ) The testing heat test of floors ( MKS U.J5.054/ 1973) 8. Testing methods of heat transfer throughout if buildings construction in laboratory (MKS U.J5.060 ) Testing methods of heat transfer throughout if buildiS constructions site (MKS U.J5.062 ) Design and evaluation of thermal insulations in heat and refrigation engineering MKS U.J5.070 / Measurement methods of specified thermal loosing in buildings or in their components MKS U.J5.082 / Ventilation balance of apartment. Heat in civil engineering MKS U.J5.100 / Heat in civil engineering coefficient of heat transfer in buildings (MKS U.J5.510 /1997) calculation of water vapour diffusion in buildings (MKS U.J5.520 /1997 ) calculation of damping factor and lating of temperature oscilations in the summer period throught the exterior building partition (MKS U.J5.530/1997) requirements for design and manufacturing of buildings (MKS U.J5.600/1998.)
Acoustics ІІ Acoustics : 1.Acoustics – measurement of sound insulation in buildings of building elements. Part 1 – requirements for laboratories MKS ISO 140-1/ Part 10: laboratory measurement of air – borne sound insulation of small building elements MKS ISO / Part 2 : Determination, verification and application of precision data MKS ISO 140-2/ Part 3 : Laboratory measurements of air borne insulation of buildings elements ISO / Part 9 : Laboratory measurements of room-to-room airborne sound insulation of a suspended ceiling with a plenum above it. MKS ISO / Acoustics – preferred reference quantities for acoustic levels MKS ISO 1683/1997 Part 3 : Acoustical requirements MKS ISO / Determination of dynamic stiffness – part 1 : materials used under floating floors in dwellings MKS ISO / Acoustics – materials for acoustical application determination of airflow resistance MKS ISO 9053 / Building acoustics – scales and sizes of graphs for plotting acoustic quantities against frequency MKS U.J5.009 / Building – acoustics device for standardized impact sound MKS U.J Field measurements of airborne sound insulation between two norms MKS U.J6.043 / amendment ( MKS U.J6.043/1 /1990 )
8.Building acoustics – field measurements of airborne noise insulation of facade elements and facades MKS U.J6.045 amendment MKS U.J6.045/ Laboratory measurements of impact sound insulation of floors MKS U.J6.047 amendment MKS U.J6.045/1/ Field measurements of impact sound insulation of floors U.J6.049/ 1982 amendment MKS U.J6.049 /1/ Measurement of floor impact sound insulation improvement MKS U.J6.051/1982 measurement of absorption coefficient MKS U.J6.059 measurement of reverberation time in auditoria MKS U.J Determination of dynamic modulus of elasticity of resilient layers in floating floors MKS U.J6.087 amendments MKS U.J6.087 / 1 / tandard values for sound isolation criterion MKS U.J Technical requirements for design and constructing of buildings MKS U.J6.201/ Acoustical regional zoning MKS U.J6.205/ Buildings acoustics – testing of cellular plastics determination of the dynamic modulus of elasticity and the loss factor MKS U.J6.226/ Buildings acoustics, testing and clamed laminated systems – bending vibration test generals principles MKS U.J6.243 Acoustics
INJECTION OF EARTHQUAKE DAMAGED CONSTRUCTIONS – TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS IIITechnical requirements: Feil, Glass, Fabric jute fabric, Damp proof 1.Dry roofing felt – quality requirements (MKS H.N3.200/ 1987) test methods MKS H.N3.202 test methods amendments (MKS H.N3.202/1/1988 ) 2.Glass fabric – quality requirements (MKS U.D3.101/ 1990 ) test methods MKS U.D3.102/ Impregnated jute fabrics – quality requirements MKS U.M3.200 / 1989 damp-proof bitumenous strip with jute (MKS U.M3.210 / 1989 bitumenous glass mat (MKS U.M3.227/ 1988 ) aluminium foils (MKS U.M3.229 ), MKS U.M3.230 / bitumenous strip with porous glasse mat, quality requirements MKS U.M3.231, MKS U.M3.232, MKS U.M3.234, MKS U.M3.240, MKS U.M3.242, MKS U.M3.244/1990, MKS U.M3.246, MKS U.M3.248, MKS U.M3.300, MKS U.M3.301, MKS U.M Bitumen strip for waterproofing – method of testing MKS U.M8.080 / Bitumen impregnated – method of testing MKS U.M8. 225/ Determination of the capillary water absorption of building material and coatings MKS U.M8.300 / 1990
Harmonization of Domestic and European Regulations in the Field of Technology of Preparation of Concrete and Construction of Concrete Structures XIV. Book of Regulations for Concrete and Reinforced Concrete /PBAB from 1987/. XV. European Standard EN206-1/2000; Concrete – Part 1; Specification, properties, production and compatibility control, putting special emphasis on: XVI. European standards that will be particularly used in the project: EN197-1, cements; composition, specification and criteria of compatibility; EN12620, aggregates for concrete; EN , lightweight aggregates, I part on concrete and mortar; EN934-2, chemical additives for concrete and mortar; EN12878, paints (pigments). European and domestic standards in the field of: a/ concrete produced by gas forming agents;b/ foam concretes; c/ concrete with open structure (cavity concrete); d/ concrete with density of less than 800 kg/m 3 ; e/ fire resistant concretes; f) standards in the field of health protection and safety during production, delivery and use. EC2 – Euro codes 2, general rules and rules in computation of structures; Use of codes – EC1 to EC9 depending on the used composite materials, structures and structural elements.
Materials and Structural Elements to be Used for Comparison of Our New Materials and New Structural Systems 1.Reinforced gas-concrete elements - thickness of slabs of cm 1 - lengths of 1,25-4,0 m 1 - widths of 60,0 cm 1 - bearing capacity of KN/m Physical-mechanical characteristics - Strength of gas-concrete for masonry reinforced concrete slabs min 3,0 [Mpa] - density – 700 kg/m 3 - thermal conductivity coefficient 0, 170 w/ m. K - coefficient of vapor diffusion 4,34 - fire resistance min 180 min. (from 60 – 120 min). 2.Elements produced of gas-concrete Silka por - thermal conductivity 0,20 w/ w k - vapor diffusion according to DIN ,34 (according to MKS U.J5.024)...12,93 - density 522 kg/m 3 - specific heat 0,858 KJ/kgK - thermal absorption coefficient 2,53 w/m 2 K - factor of damping of amplitudes and variations of temperature - for d = 7,5 cm to d = 30 cm, the factor ranges between 4,49 to 34,52.
2.2.Physical-mechanical properties - compressive strength of 2,5-3,5 Mpa- density of kg/m 3 – (720 kg/m 3 ) - elasticity modulus Eb = 1400 [Mpa]- ultimate flexure /200 - ultimate deformation 3%- linear deformation 0,5 mm/m 1 - ratio between transverse and longitudinal deformations 0,2 - sound absorption for frequency ranging from 125 to from 0,00 – 0,20 -thickness of prefabricated elements with infill of air entrained layers, density for improvement of sound insulation possibility - accuracy of elaboration of dimensions- workability - maintenance - durability (compressive strength, resistance to freezing, water absorption, resistance to thawing, resistance to different effects). 3.Durolit – floor structure - density approximately 2300 kg/m 3 - compressive strength of Mpa - flexural strength of 12 – 13,5 Mpa - abrasion resistance Böhme from 9,1 – 10,6 cm 3 /50 cm 2 - skid resistance /the floor is skid resistant/- water resistance - watertight - resistance to freezing, resistant - thermal conductivity coefficient = 1,16 (according to MKS U.A2.020) – in respect to concrete, it is 5 times better thermal isolator) - MKS U.J5.024 resistance to vapor diffusion = 394,39 (it has 17 times better resistance than concrete) - thermal conductivity coefficient 0,223 – 0,450 w/ m.K
(depending on thickness) CharacteristicsUsjeporMineral wool (tervol) Glass woolEco- materials Density kg/m Compressive strength [KPa] at 10% deformation Tensile strength N Resistance to freezingresistant Thermal conductivity coefficient w/ m.K 0,04-0,028 0,041 0,041 0,064- 0,08-0,09 Sound absorption ,8-1,0 Ecological compatibility 100% is recycled without emission of harmful matter irritates the respiratory organs irritates the respiratory organs - Vapor diffusion(9,5-3,5) (4,5-0,5) KPa 1-1,4 0,046 1,4-2,4 Water absorption m/m (%) 2-8 1,6-2,6 - -
Technical Conditions for Design of Residential Structures MKS U.J5.600 The standard anticipates construction in compliance with: climatic construction zones prescribed minimal thermal isolation of engineering structures requirements regarding the vapor diffusion through the engineering structure defined loss of heat depending on the openings and their frames.