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Articles: Indefinite and Definite The Rules of the Game 7 Focus on Grammar 3 Part V, Unit 22 By Ruth Luman, Gabriele Steiner, and BJ Wells Copyright ©

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Presentation on theme: "Articles: Indefinite and Definite The Rules of the Game 7 Focus on Grammar 3 Part V, Unit 22 By Ruth Luman, Gabriele Steiner, and BJ Wells Copyright ©"— Presentation transcript:

1 Articles: Indefinite and Definite The Rules of the Game 7 Focus on Grammar 3 Part V, Unit 22 By Ruth Luman, Gabriele Steiner, and BJ Wells Copyright © 2006. Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

2 Chess Chess is a game for two players. Each player begins with a set of sixteen white or black pieces. Some chess sets are plain, but some are very unusual. The players take turns moving their pieces on a board with 64 squares. Each type of piece moves in a different way. The Queen is the most powerful piece, but the King is the most important. The primary goal in chess is to checkmate your opponents King. The game is over when a King cannot avoid capture.

3 Indefinite Nouns 1 A noun is indefinite when you and your listener do not have a specific person, place, or thing in mind. a game Lets play a game! some luck Youll need some luck to beat me.

4 Indefinite Nouns 2 Use the indefinite article a / an with singular count nouns that are indefinite. Chess is a game for two players. You may capture an enemy piece. singular count noun

5 A or An 1 Use a before consonant sounds. Chess is a unique game. A chessboard has 64 squares. consonant with a consonant sound vowel with a consonant sound

6 A or An 2 Use an before vowel sounds. Chess is an interesting game. The game lasted over an hour. consonant with a vowel sound vowel with a vowel sound

7 Indefinite Nouns 3 Use no article ( ) or some with plural count nouns and non-count nouns that are indefinite. Some means an indefinite number. Most players enjoy competition. Some chess sets are very unusual. plural count noun non-count noun

8 Identifying Nouns 1 Use a / an with singular count nouns to say what someone or something is. Chess is a board game. Chess is an interesting game. singular count noun

9 Identifying Nouns 2 Use no article ( ) with plural count nouns and non-count nouns to say what someone or something is. chess pieces Kings, queens, and bishops are chess pieces. marbleglass Some chess sets are made of marble or glass. plural count noun non - count nouns

10 Make General Statements Use no article ( ) with plural count nouns and non-count nouns to make general statements. Special software is needed to play chess online. Players often play with chess clocks. plural count noun non - count noun

11 Practice 1 Complete the sentences with a, an, some, or (no article). 6. ______ games end in ______ tie. 2. Chess is ____ interesting game. 1. In chess, ______ pawns move one square at a time. 3. The white Queen begins on ______ white square. 4. A pawn can be promoted to ______ Queen. 5. A verbal call of check is ______ insult. Example: Can you play ______chess? an a a an a Some

12 Definite Nouns A noun is definite when you and your listener both know which person, place or thing you are talking about. Where is the chessboard? Right here. Its part of the furniture.

13 The 1 Use the with most common nouns (count and non-count, singular and plural) that are definite. Players with the white pieces move first. The queen is the most powerful piece. Some players record the time between moves. singular count noun plural count noun non - count noun

14 The 2 Use the when a person, place, or thing is unique. winner The player who checkmates is the winner. People can play chess on the web. Theres only one winner. Theres only one web.

15 The 3 Use the when the context makes it clear which person, place, or thing you mean. Will you let me win the the game? They know he is talking about their card game.

16 Mahjong Practice 2 ______ It started in China, but people play Mahjong all over ______ world. Mahjong is played with ______ tiles. They are made from ______ bamboo or ivory. ______ tiles display ______ flowers, numbers, or ______ unique animal. Players shuffle the tiles by building ______ wall. There are several mahjong patterns such as a Chow and a Pong. ______ Kong contains four tiles of ______ same number and suit. ______ Eye contains two tiles of the same number and suit. The object of ______ game is to collect ______ set of fourteen tiles in four groups of three tiles and ______ matched pair. Now you can download ______ Mahjong and play it over ______ Internet. Complete the sentences with a, an, the, some, or (no article). the The a a Athe An the a a

17 References Copyright © 2006 Pearson Education and its licensors. All rights reserved. Chess Table © http://www.everythingfurniture.com.


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