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Alexandr Solzenhitsyn In 1970, Alexandr Solzenhitsyn won the Nobel Prize in Literature for the ethical force with which he has pursued the indispensable.

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Presentation on theme: "Alexandr Solzenhitsyn In 1970, Alexandr Solzenhitsyn won the Nobel Prize in Literature for the ethical force with which he has pursued the indispensable."— Presentation transcript:

1 Alexandr Solzenhitsyn In 1970, Alexandr Solzenhitsyn won the Nobel Prize in Literature for the ethical force with which he has pursued the indispensable traditions of Russian literature. Drafted into the Red Army in 1941 Was arrested for a personal letter that contained passages critical of Stalin and sentenced to eight years in a labor camp. Novels: The Gulag Archipelago and One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich (best known). Critic of Communist totalitarianism in Russia. Expelled from S.U. in Died in 2008, age 89 Nobel Prize speech is one of the most famous ever given, due to its passion plea for the Arts, their power, and their necessity among human beings.

2 Is art created with the motivation of exposing corruption on a collective scale more meaningful than art that communicates to the individual? Is art that is commissioned (ex: ceiling of the Sistine Chapel) still art?

3 Aesthetics and Knowing The Philosophy of Beauty

4 All Areas of Knowing? History KnowerArtistic Creation While history combines all areas/ways of knowing to answer: How did we get to HERE from THERE? Art combines all ways/areas of knowing to create representations of the present, to pose questions about the future, to pose questions to the individual and collective knowledge, and to answer: Where are we headed? Why do we matter?

5 History Vs. Art While History is often recorded by those in power, Art is often created by the marginalized. How do History and Art use the WAYS of knowing differently? Are we hard wired to appreciate Art? of_beauty.html

6 Write a minute For one minute, come up with as many different forms of artistic creation as you can: Painting Sculpture Dance

7 What are some of the purposes of art? In other words, what work in meaning does art do? To expose hypocrisy To represent a system of values (religious or otherwise)

8 Questions to Ponder in this Unit How does artistic creation serve to illuminate the human condition? Why do we tear art apart? We analyze literature, critique artworkscant art just be there to enjoy? *Remember that Reuben Abel ( Man is the Measure ) argued that the Human Condition was Verstehen… to understand.

9 More Questions to Ponder Does ART bring us closer to TRUTH? Collectively, individually, both? If it does can we apply reason and logic to art? Are there syllogisms regarding what makes ART…ART?

10 Always keep in mind: What QUESTIONS is a piece of art asking us to consider? Dont look for the answers…look for the questions! Edvard Munch The Scream

11 But WHY do we create? Why Man Creates Why Man Creates (1968 Oscar Winning Short Film)

12 Metaphor Socrates believed that Art served a purpose in regards to Truth, Belief, and Knowledge because it functions in metaphor, which is the closest representation of Truth we can find in symbol or language. Rene Magritte This is Not a Pipe 1929 Interestingly, Magritte painted a series in the 1930s entitled The Human Condition

13 Some words… Advant-Garde: new, different, progressive; a new way of experiencing the world. Can apply to any area of artistic creation. Deeply metaphoric. Kitsch: Feel good art, often replicas of classic paintings or theater/dance that is brought back to the stage time and time again to appeal to mass audiences. Who decides what kitsch is?

14 Kitsch?

15 Art and Areas of Knowing Mae Jemison: Teach Science and Art Together (21 mins)Teach Science and Art Together When art leads to invention. When art leads to invention. Which came first, necessity then creativity, or creativity then necessity?

16 What are some other words we use to describe art or to talk Aesthetics? Medium Structure Appeal

17 International Mindedness The desire to create aesthetically pleasing objects and experiences exists in every culture ever studied. WHY?

18 Beauty Write a minute… Come up with a list of personal requirements for you to consider art beautiful. What are your standards of beauty? What do you believe are our societal standards for beauty? Are there global standards for beauty?

19 Define Good Art Bad Art What about Banksys Art? Is it Art or Act?Banksys

20 The Philosophers on Beauty and Art Plato: Art weakens our ability to live rationally by focusing too heavily on emotion and not enough on Logic. Aristotle: Art helps us cleanse ourselves of emotions that could potentially be hobbling us. (Catharsis). Nietzsche: Regarded the significance of art to lie not in lart pour lart (art for the sake of art), but in the role that it might play in enabling us positively to revalue the world and the human experience.

21 Sarte: There is no genius other than that which is expressed in works of art. Existentialism is the road to humanism. What does Pinker say? See text book.

22 Context and Artist Intent/Goal Can you remove a piece of art from the artist and/or the time/place in which the art was created? Can/should art be able to stand on its own? Example: can we fully understand or appreciate The Sun Also Rises without knowing Hemingways WWI history, his time spent in Spain, or the love that he lost with a woman he met there?

23 Art and Knowledge Works of art contribute to our knowledge of the world and of other people. Paradox of Fiction: Fiction is sometimes better able to communicate deep truths about the human condition than non-fiction. Noam Chomsky: We will always learn more about human life and human personality from novels rather than scientific psychology. Agree/Disagree?

24 Too Much Knowledge D.H. Lawrence: Knowledge has killed the sun making it a ball of gas with spots. Does too much knowledge deplete our appreciation of beauty?

25 Art as Imitation Life imitates art far more than art imitates life.Oscar Wilde Claim: Art mimics reality. Counterclaim: Is this true about a symphony? What part of reality does it imitate? Art can subjtly influence the way we experience the world empirical (experiential) knowledge is the closest to truth? Great art helps us see the world with new eyes by drawing attention to previously unnoticed features of reality, even if it reinterprets reality. Literature/poetry/song lyrics: This is exactly how I feel. Art can represent our internal reality.

26 Art as Communication Claim: The goal of art is to is to communicate to the audience. Counterclaim: Creativity is for self-fulfillment; if an audiences connects to it, thats a perk. Art can amplify mans short time on this earth by enabling him to receive from another the whole range of someone elses lifelong experiences with all their problems, colors, and flavors. Art recreates in flesh experiences that have been lived by other men, and enables people to absorb them as if they were their own. Alexandr Solzhenitsyn

27 Art as Education Moral Provocation Propaganda Empathizing with other people Fighting/Encouraging nationalism, ethnocentrism, racism Communicating the inside of another persons experience to us, a great novel or play can move and inspire us in a way that purely factual descriptions cannot.

28 Are these artists? A chef in a five star restaurant A teacher A wedding dress designer An architect A wine maker A perfume maker

29 Judging Art: Intention of Artist Intention of the artist Evoking an aesthetic response Is art an answer to a question/questions the artist is asking? Does the artist intend to convey truth? Does the artist have a responsibility to his or her audience?

30 Judging Art: Quality of the work Technical Competence. What does this mean? Kitsch? Innovation What is the motivation? Is it an informed stance? Does this matter?

31 Judging Art: Timelessness Does a piece need to speak across generations and cultures? Is the meaning of art static of fluid across time and culture? Is art created or discovered? Michelangelos The Prisoners

32 Judging Art: Response of Audience Art needs an audience to complete it. True or false? How are liking art and aesthetic judgment different? Which is more important? Are we all equal when it comes to judging art? Can we use reason/logic to come up with a rational way for judging artistic value or talent? Art connects us. took-these-photos-of-his-wife-and-captured-love-and-loss- beautifully?c=feahttp://www.upworthy.com/a-husband- took-these-photos-of-his-wife-and-captured-love-and-loss- beautifully?c=fea

33 The Canon Where is this list? What do you think is on it?

34 The Value of Art How should art be priced? Should governments use taxpayer money to purchase art for museums? Should governments provide stipends for artists (novelists, dancers, actors, etc)? Why is some art so much more valuable than other art? Original copies of novels sell for thousands. BBC: Nazi Looted Art Found in Munich ($1 Billion!)

35 TOK Art Gallery Write down these questions: What do you see? What do you feel? What do you think? Gut Reaction: do you like it or dislike it? What do you assume/interpret? What do you need to know? What are the personal and shared perspectives? What Ways/Areas of knowing are used? What is one question being asked by this artwork? How does this piece help us understand our perspective of the world? Answer these questions in reference to the following set of artistic endeavors.

36 1. Ai WeiWei Dropping a Han Dynasty Urn (1995)

37 2.

38 3. InukshukInuit Sculpture

39 4. Frizzell. Wine Country

40 5. Terracotta Warriors of the Emperor Qin. China.

41 6. Maud Lewis, Cat and Two Kittens, 1952

42 7.Simone Martini, The Annunciation. Italy. 1333

43 8. Andy Warhol. Marilyn. 1962

44 9. Artemisia Gentileschis Judith Slaying Holofernes, 1620

45 10. Michelangelo. David. Italy. 1504

46 11. Tiles, arabesque pattern, Mosque of Cheykhoun. Egypt. 1877

47 12.

48 13. Salvador Dali, Hallucinogenic Toreador, 1970

49 14. Yang Fuhua Shanghai Red Square, 2009

50 15. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Piano Concerto No Andante Bach, Toccata and Fugue in D minor, organ

51 As we discuss, have these notes handy: Purpose of Art: Imitation Communication Education Commissioned Judging Art: Intention of artist Quality of Work Timelessness/Global applicability Response of audience

52 Art Final Project Find the remaining two pieces of art. Include a description, link, or image so that I can see/hear/experience it. Respond in the same way that you responded to the other pieces of art. Due: Monday, Dec. 16

53 Art and the Ways of Knowing What might it mean to say that emotion is the universal language of the arts? Could artistic creation be described as the use of imagination within a framework of reason and logic? Is there an area of arts that uses all of the senses at once? How can perception create, simultaneously, an individual and collective experience in the arts? Is there a language of the arts? Does art transcend language?

54 Art and the Areas of Knowing Science Math Human Science Is the human experience presented in art true for all, and that is why we like the arts? (gold packet pg. 208) Art Therapy Ethicsare the arts too full of value judgments to be considered true or certain? History Is it fair to compare art to other art? Can works be taken out of historical context to make meaning in the present? Spirituality


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