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Rak-43.3312 Repair Methods of Structures II Planning of Condition Survey and Repair Measures Group 19 Sanjay Sreekala Burak Erkan Ghaffar Khan 12.02.2014.

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Presentation on theme: "Rak-43.3312 Repair Methods of Structures II Planning of Condition Survey and Repair Measures Group 19 Sanjay Sreekala Burak Erkan Ghaffar Khan 12.02.2014."— Presentation transcript:

1 Rak Repair Methods of Structures II Planning of Condition Survey and Repair Measures Group 19 Sanjay Sreekala Burak Erkan Ghaffar Khan Petri Mutanen Kari Parila Kim Warma Group Members

2 Agenda I.Introduction II.Condition Survey Methods III.Condition of the Case IV.Further Research Needed V.Proposed Principled Repair Methods and Estimated Remaining Service Life VI.Discussion VII.Conclusion

3 I. Introduction General Location: Töölö, Helsinki Residential building –7 storeys –52 rental apartments Sheltered location and light traffic Technical documents not available –No exact data of the condition –No previous condition surveys More theoretic point of view HUT research team visit in –list of anticipated deterioration mechanisms

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6 I. Introduction Façade properties Rough cast made on brickwork Light brown color Two facades –Main façade facing south-west –Courtyard façade facing north-east Balconies on six storeys –Concrete slab with precast concrete railings Major façade renovation made in 1997 –External rendering with an insulation layer

7 II. Condition Survey Methods Visual evaluation and assessment –Frost damage –Brick spalling –Peeling of external rendering –Cracking of concrete –Pipe corrosion

8 II. Condition Survey Methods Formation of organic moss –Mechanical damage External wall insulation rendering Visual assessment data – Considerable moss growth on façade – Cracking and contamination in balconies

9 II. Condition Survey Methods Frost deterioration of external rendering Joint degradation and pipe corrosion Evidence of carbonation and structural steel corrosion in the past Crack development in footing broken tiles at the building entrance

10 II. Condition Survey Methods Overall performance of the building satisfactory Structural integrity not affected Minor repairs needed to ensure full efficiency

11 III. Condition of the Case More than 50 years old Condition is relatively good Better than in many younger buildings No special conservation status Major repairs possible The current condition can be easily maintained The condition can be improved by new repairs

12 III. Condition of the Case Small signs of deterioration visible in several parts of the facade None of them is overwhelmingly severe But they will become worse is nothing is done Before the last renovation new insulation was needed. Also the rendering needed repair Now the mortar is in satisfactory condition

13 III. Condition of the Case There are many minor and some major cracks Evidence of moisture, especially near he windows Mainly aesthetic problem, but in some spots more severe, mold? Contamination is generally light Footing has some cracks, level is light Mechanical damage

14 III. Condition of the Case Floor tiles cracked Peeling off has started, average level Degradation of joints, not always visible Balconies are in worst condition, even after last renovation Moisture and joints are clearly deteriorated Balcony slabs are the biggest concern The Souts-West facade is more damaged

15 III. Condition of the Case Older data revealed structural deterioration: –Carbonation –Reinforcement steel corrosion –Frost damage –Some parts of the structure do not need attention, e.g. the bricks More infromation should be gathered before the next repair

16 IV. Further Research Needed Investigating the previous condition surveys –Research done according to visual inspection, provided Excel sheet and theorotical knowledge No visual dimensional defects –Possible bowing of rendering in higher elavations Terrestial laser scanning Existing defects observed during visual inspection –Frost Damage, Peeling of ext. Rendering, Cracking of Concrete and Moist Thin Section Analysis Carbonation and Chloride levels

17 IV. Further Research Needed Tensile Strenght Testing Bonding Condition of Facade –Nothing seen durin the visual inspection Hammering Technique Asbestos Analysis –Since no backgroung information available, it is still a question –Although last renovation done 17 years ago. It Shall be checked in order to be on safe side

18 V. Proposed Principled Repair Methods and Estimated Remaining Service Life Elastic expansion joint Applying new coating

19 V. Proposed Principled Repair Methods and Estimated Remaining Service Life Base plate Down pipes and nearby structures

20 V. Proposed Principled Repair Methods and Estimated Remaining Service Life Mortar patching for footing and applying new coating Replacement or surface treatment of wooden material

21 V. Proposed Principled Repair Methods and Estimated Remaining Service Life Option A –Low-cost repair method –Insecurity with the long-term efficiency –Relatively cheap and quickly done –Service life from 10 to 15 years.

22 V. Proposed Principled Repair Methods and Estimated Remaining Service Life 1.Material tests 2.Removing deterioration factor 3.Removing deteriorated mortar parts and applying mortar patching 4.Refining old coating and appyling new coating.

23 V. Proposed Principled Repair Methods and Estimated Remaining Service Life Option B –High costs –Long-term efficiency reliable. –Working and environment safety plans are needed. –Service life up to 30 years.

24 V. Proposed Principled Repair Methods and Estimated Remaining Service Life 1.Removing deterioration factor 2.Demolition of old surface rendering 3.Cleaning of the visible surface 4.Strengthening of the under layer 5. New surface rendering 6. Coating of the rendering

25 VI. Discussion Overall building in Satisfactory Condition. –Aesthetic Damages (frost damage, brick spalling, peeling of external rendering, cracking of concrete, pipe corrosion, mould, mechanical damages, discoloration etc) –Footing has cracks –Degradation of joints (needs attention) –Possible Carbonation and Steel Corrosion (previous survey)

26 VI. Discussion No need for demolishing Building can survive without repairs for the time being (No desirable) Further research / survey needs to be conducted

27 VII. Conclusions New Condition Survey should be conducted- This will determine future action Minor repairs needed Repairs done in 1997 needs to be checked Some critical areas needs detailed testing and possible counter measures


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