3COURSE DESCRIPTION Play better, maybe become family champ! Learn which tiles to play, which to holdSee scoring “Hot Spots” on the boardFind “bingos” using all 7 tiles- 50 extra ptsLearn strategy- offense & defenseChances to play open instructional gamesIf interested, play competitively 1 on 1Learn about Asheville Scrabble ClubLocal, regional, national tournament info
4INSTRUCTOR JACOB COHEN Retired teacher and principalCo-Director of the Asheville Scrabble ClubPlaying competitively since 2009Webmeister & statistician of club’s website
5RECOMMENDED BOOKSEverything Scrabble, 3rd edition by Joe Edley and John D. Williams Jr. ISBN: $16.99 (this course is adapted from this excellent reference) Official Scrabble Players Dictionary, 4th edition, Merriam-Webster ISBN: $7.50 Optional: Word Freak: Heartbreak, Triumph, Genius, and Obsession in the World of Competitive Scrabble Players ISBN: $16.99
6COURSE PLAN Week 1 Course Overview Glossary Week 2 Official Scrabble Players Dictionary, 4th ed. (OSPD4)Define what you mean by a “definition”Q without U words; short Q wordsWords with no vwlsBoard orientation and notationWeek 3Finding and using “Hot Spots” on the board
7Course Plan Week 4 Demo Game: Mark Schmidt, Brett Haughney, expert players, Asheville Scrabble ClubWeek 5Cheat SheetScrabble Guy Teaches the 2s in 5 Minutes!Move Tiles on Your Rack- useful letter combosTile Order of UsefulnessRack Management
8Course Plan Week 6 Bingos Strategy- Offense and Defense Phoneys- if & when to play themWeek 7After you are the family champ…Club and Tournament PlayAsheville Scrabble Club websiteWeek 8Demo Game: Mark & Brett have a rematch
9and, at the same time, some of you may choose to: EACH WEEK WE WILL HAVEScrabble Babble (Scrabble topics for the day) ~40” babble verb- divulge “secrets”Scrabble Dabble (word play- build Scrabble skills) ~15”dabble verb- work with in a non-serious mannerScrabble Babel (break time- no Scrabble!) ~10”babel noun- confusion of voices and other soundsScrabble Scrabble (play Scrabble w/each other) ~55”scrabble verb- to grope about frantically (looking for words)and, at the same time, some of you may choose to:Scrabble Rabble (play an open instructional game) ~55”rabble noun- disorderly crowd of people (arguing about strategy!)
10QUESTIONS Why did you choose this class? Want to increase your scoring average?Want to learn which are the best tiles to hold onto?Want to find the best scoring spots on the board?Want to learn offensive and defensive strategy?Want to be your family champ?Want to find out about club and tournament play?
11GLOSSARY Alphagram- alphabetic arrangement of letters; Ex: AIJNORT is alphagram for JANITORAnagram- word spelled with exact same letters asanother word. Ex: KITCHEN, THICKENBingo- use all 7 letters on rack; score 50 extra pointsBingo-friendly tiles- ERS?, AL?, AERST, CANISTERBlank- indicated as ?, most valuable tile-versatileBlock- play word to stop opponent’s possible big score“Challenge!”- announce to check if word is acceptableClosed Board- few or no places to play bingos/hi scoresDump- low-scoring play; gets rid of poor letter comboEndgame- strategic play when fewer than 8 tiles in bagExchange- use turn to trade in 1-7 tiles; need 7 in bag
12GLOSSARY Extension- add 2+ letters to a word on board; (often to TWS); Ex: CON-QUEST, QUEST-IONFishing- playing off or trading 1-2 tiles looking for bingo“Hold!”- announced when considering a challengeHook- add letter to front/back of word to make new one;Ex: HARD + Y = HARDY; C + HARD = CHARDHot Spots- TLS-TLS, DLS-DWS, TLS-DWS, TWS-DLS,DWS-DWS, TWS-TWS; all places for high scoresLeave- group of tiles left on rack after play, before drawOpen Board- many places to play bingos/hi score playsOSPD- Official Scrabble Players Dictionary, 4th ed.Parallel Play- Ex: M A RL A T E (LATE, MA, AT, & RE all score)
13GLOSSARY Phoney- unacceptable word (not found in OSPD); may stay on board if unchallenged; some playeddeliberately (like bluffing in poker)Power Tiles- ten most valuable- 2 ?s, 4 Ss, J, Q, X, ZRack Balancing- leaving letters on rack that will helpscore well on next turn; good ratio of cons/vowelsStems- 6 & 7-letter bingo-friendly combos to add 1 letterEx: SATIRE (add 1 letter to make 70 words);NASTIER (add 1 letter to make 69 words)TWL- Tournament and Club Word List- list of acceptablewords (all OSPD, plus about 200 offensive words);not used in schools or by most living room players;no definitions provided
15SCRABBLE DABBLE _ HONG _ PERM _ NOME _ AGON _ HIDE _ OMIT _ IMID _ PALS_ HILI_ ANTA_ AGMA_ HEIR_ VIES_ HOST_ PICE_ BACK_ AGUE_ LAID_ VARY_ IWIS_ DEAL_ FOUL_ KING_ RIAL_ PRIG_ PLAT_ RIMY_ EGER_ LAKY_ ROODHOOK WORDS- Each of these 4-letter words is found in the OSPD4. Add a letter in front of each one to make a common 5-letter word.
16SCRABBLE DABBLE _ EYED _ LEFT _ RUSK _ FIRE _ LIEN _ MIRK _ FOOT _ GLOW_ TROP_ CONS_ LOFT_ VAIL_ GAPE_ LORY_ BONY_ LOBE_ LUNT_ VERY_ GREE_ HANT_ APSE_ MAGE_ MELL_ VOWS_ HEAP_ RUTH_ WEAK_ HEFT_ NAVE_ WELTHOOK WORDS- Each of these 4-letter words is found in the OSPD4. Add a letter in front of each one to make a common 5-letter word.
18OSPD OFFICIAL SCRABBLE PLAYERS DICTIONARY Disagreements about which words were “good”1975 OSPD, 1st edition publishedWords had to be found in 2 of 5 popular dictionaries2-8 letters and their longer inflections; Ex: UNLIKELIEST100,000+ words; no pronunciations; short definitions2nd ed 1991; 3rd ed 1995; 4th ed 2005 (currently used)Dictionary committee considers additions/deletions
19DEFINITIONS Where do you draw the line on completeness? OSPD4 has only minimal definitions; Ex: a mineralTournament & Club Word List (TWL)- no definitionsSome people learn definitions to remember the wordsOthers care only that a word is acceptablePeople play even though they don’t speak English!
20OSPD OFFICIAL SCRABBLE PLAYERS DICTIONARY Only 1 definition provided; often an uncommon usageEx: IMP- v. to graft feathers onto a bird’s wingRE and UN sections; 100s of undefined wordsUnless an –ING word listed as noun, then no pluralEx: PLAY v. –S, -ED, -ING;FLYING n., FLYINGSWord or inflection in boldface, then it is acceptableFOCUS, FOCUSING, FOCUSES, FOCUSSED,FOCUSSING, FOCUSSES
21OSPD OFFICIAL SCRABBLE PLAYERS DICTIONARY Not all verbs can add ER to make a noun;Ex: PLAY / PLAYER, BAKE / BAKER;PART / but no PARTER ** means a phoney (non-acceptable word)Foreign words generally not acceptable, yet, someseem foreign; acceptable if no English equivalentEx: currency, titles, etc. PESETA, XU, SAHIB, QAIDSome words boldfaced more than once; adj. & verbEx: adj. BRITTLE, BRITTLER, BRITTLESTv. BRITTLES, BRITTLING, BRITTLES
22Q WITHOUT U WORDS Strange?, Yes!; Good?, Absolutely! & very useful! MBAQANGA n pl –S a South African dance musicQABALA n pl-S cabala (an occult or secret doctrine)QABALAH n pl –S same as QABALAQADI n pl –S a Muslim judgeQAID n pl –S variation of CAID, a Muslim leaderQANAT n pl –S a system of underground tunnels and wells in the Middle EastQAT n pl –S variation of KAT, an evergreen shrubQI n pl –S the vital force that in Chinese thought isinherent in all things
23QINDAR n pl –DARS or –DARKA variation of QINDAR n pl –DARS or –DARKA variation of QINTAR, a monetary unit in AlbaniaQINTAR n pl –S see aboveSHEQEL n pl SHEQALIM, SHEQELS, an ancient unit of weightTRANQ n pl –S variation of TRANK (i.e. tranquilizer)QOPH n pl –S variation of KOPH, a letter of the Hebrew alphabetQWERTY n pl –S a standard keyboardFAQIR n pl –S variation of FAKIR, a Hindu asceticAlso of note: BUQSHA, BUQSHAS,BURQA, BURQAS, QIVIUT. QIVIUTS,SUQ, SUQS, UMIAQ, UMIAQS
24SHORT Q WORDS QAT SUQS QUAIS QUERY QUOIN QIS AQUAE QUAKE QUEST QUOIT QUA AQUAS QUAKY QUEUE QUOLLSUQ BURQA QUALE QUEYS QUOTAAQUA EQUAL QUALM QUICK QUOTEQADI EQUID QUANT QUIDS QUOTHQAID EQUIP QUARE QUIET QURSH
26SHORT Q Words QUID QOPHS QUBIT QUIRE SQUID QUIN QUACK QUEAN QUIRK TOQUEQUIP QUADS QUEEN QUIRT TRANQQUIT QUAFF QUEER QUITE TUQUEQUIZ QUAGS QUELL QUITS UMIAQQUOD QUAIL QUERN QUODS USQUE
27WORDS WITH NO VWLS BRR interj used to indicate that one feels cold BRRR interj see BRRCRWTH n pl –S an ancient stringed musical instrumentCWM n pl –S a deep steep-walled basinHM interj used to express thoughtful considerationHMM interj see HMMM interj used to express assent or satisfactionNTH adv pertaining to an indefinitely large ordinal numberPFFT interj used to express a sudden endingPHPHT interj see PHTPHT interj used as an expression of mild anger or annoyance
28WORDS WITH NO VWLS PSST interj used to attract someone’s attention PST interj see PSSTSH interj used to urge silenceSHH interj see SHTSK v -ED, -ING, -S to utter an expression of annoyanceTSKTSK v -ED, -ING, -S to tsk
29Board Notation Center square 8H or H8 If word is horizontal, list number firstvertical,list letter first
30Notation Examples WATCH, 8D HALTER, E7 Give position from first letter of word
32SCRABBLE DABBLE _ ACTOR _ ANTIS _ BLEST _ ADIOS _ APTLY _ BORTS _ AGLET_ ARBOR_ CRAWL_ AIVER_ ARGLE_ CURVY_ ALARY_ ARGON_ DRIFT_ ALDER_ ARSON_ EAGER_ ALIGN_ ASCOT_ EAGLE_ ALOES_ ATMAN_ EBBED_ AMBIT_ AWFUL_ EDUCT_ AMENT_ BATED_ EGRETHOOK WORDS- Each of these 5-letter words is found in the OSPD4. Add a letter in front of each one to make a common 6-letter word.
33SCRABBLE DABBLE _ ELECT _ HOSEN _ LORAL _ EMBER _ HUBBY _ OSMIC _ ENURE_ HYING_ OVINE_ ERROR_ INDOW_ QUATE_ EVERT_ IRADE_ RALLY_ EXIST_ KETCH_ RAYON_ GREED_ LAPSE_ RIFLE_ HADED_ LINGY_ RIGID_ HOOEY_ LIVES_ SABLE_ HORAL_ LOGAN_ UNSETHOOK WORDS- Each of these 5-letter words is found in the OSPD4. Add a letter in front of each one to make a common 6-letter word.
35Finding “Hot Spots” on the Board As a novice tournament player, I once asked an expert,“What’s the difference between a novice and an expert?“The novice finds words on his rack to play on the board”.“The expert finds the best spots on the board,and, then, finds the words on her rack to fit.”“Hot Spots” are what experts find and play.
36Premium Squares DLS light blue TLS dark blue DWS light red TWS dark reddesignsymmetrybyarchitect/creator,Alfred Butts
58SCRABBLE DABBLE _ AGNATE _ LEANLY _ ANTRUM _ LIABLE _ ARMFUL _ LISTEN _ ARRANT_ LOWERY_ AUDING_ LUMPEN_ ENFOLD_ MARTEN_ ETHANE_ MONGST_ GAINST_ NEATEN_ LATTEN_ OFTEST_ STOUND_ VENUESHOOK WORDS- Each of these 6-letter words is found in the OSPD4. Add a letter in front of each one to make a common 7-letter word (a BINGO).
59SCRABBLE DABBLE _ OXTAIL _ RIDENT _ PENDED _ ROUBLE _ RECKED _ RUDELY _ REPAID_ RUMPLE_ RACKET_ SCENDS_ RATIFY_ SPOUSE_ PRAISE_ LAYOFF_ REASON_ THEISM_ REFACE_ OOLOGY_ PREACH_ VERBIDHOOK WORDS- Each of these 6-letter words is found In the OSPD4. Add a letter in front of each one to make a common 7-letter word (a BINGO).
61SCRABBLE DABBLE CHAY ORAD LATH POLY EGAL HILA SIMP KOTO PIAL BLAW EPHA IMAMBAHTWONKVINAALECLAZEMOLACAPHFIARPALYCAKYAGINMYNAMARCGAOLPRAMYALDHANTNONAANAGRAMS- Each of these uncommon4-letter words is found in the OSPD4.Find a common word anagram for each one.
62SCRABBLE DABBLE AWRY OYER DOBY NEIF BENE FROE BREE KEPI BONK HYTE CEIL METHPOCOPLIEEDDYLWEIDELFNEUKOHEDFILOANAGRAMS- Each of these uncommon4-letter words is found in the OSPD4.Find a common word anagram for each one.
70TILE ORDER OF USEFULNESS AND MNEMONIC CHEER ? SEX Z RAH N C DMTIKL POY JF BG WU V QBLANKety-BLANK,SEX Z RAH,North Carolina,DiM, TIcKLe, POY,JeFf BiG, WU V Q!
71UNBALANCED RACK = CAN EARN BAD LUCK RACK MANAGEMENTUNBALANCED RACK=CAN EARN BAD LUCK
72RACK MANAGEMENT Don’t duplicate any letter on rack, except E & S Keep about same # vowels/cons in your leaveHold as few high-point tiles as possible in leaveLearn and use vowel dumps to improve rackConsider exchange if bingo unlikely in 3-4 turns
74SCRABBLE DABBLE AAHED MACLE LAMED DAMAR ECLAT DRAVE MALAR COMAE HYDRA BALDYGAMICVIANDRABIDMOCHAAROIDTUBAENATCHPAVIDBIALIORACHMONADCAGERMALICEGRETCHELATAROCENATECHAREMUSCAFLEAMANAGRAMS- Each of these uncommon5-letter words is found in the OSPD4.Find a common word anagram for each one.
75SCRABBLE DABBLE NAEVI LARUM LICHI ANOLE BEDEL ONTIC UVEAL BERME RUNIC YAMENBOSUNCUTINTRAVELUDICMONDETAWERSODICFONDUIMAGOPUDICIMIDOTONGATEUCHREIFYGOWANCIVETGOFERTHRAWVOCESFLYTEANAGRAMS- Each of these uncommon5-letter words is found in the OSPD4.Find a common word anagram for each one.
77BINGOS 50 extra pts- use all 7 tiles to make 7+ letter words Key to high scores- experts play 2-3 per gameLook for common beginnings- AB, AD, AIR, ANTI,BE, BI, COM, CON, DE, DIS, EM, EN EX, FORE,HAND, HEAD, IM, IN, ISO, MID, MIS, NON, OUT,OVER, POST, PRE, RE, SEA, SUB, TRI, UN, UP
78BINGOS Look for common endings- ABLE, AGE, AL, ANCE, ANE, ANT, ARY, ATE, DOM, EAU, ED, EE, ENCE, ENT, ER, EST, FISH,FORM, FUL, GHT, GRAM, HOOD, IA, IAL, IBLE, IC, ICAL, IER,IES, IEST, IFY, ILE, ILY, INE, ING, ION, ISE, ISH, ISM, IST, ITE,ITY, IUM, IVE, IZE, LAND, LESS, LET, LIKE, LOGY, LY, MAN,MEN, MENT, NESS, OID, OSE, OUGH, OUS, OUT, SHIP, SES,SIS, SOME, TURE, WARD, WEED, WISE, WOOD, WORM
79BINGOS Study high-probability bingo stems Mnemonics to remember letters to add to stemClub website Bingoes page- excellent resourceASC Co-Director Bill Snoddy’s Bingo Slide ShowsBingoes
80STRATEGY Offense Balance your rack equal vowels/consonants Letters in CANISTER are most bingo-friendlyConsider your “leave” as well as your playPremium square combos for big scoresParallel plays for maximum scoresUse S and blank preciously; they are most versatileFind your best play, then find a better oneFind alternate place to play in case you get blockedPlay words with hooks for future playsHigh probability bingo stems and mnemonicsOpen up bingo lanes especially when behindConsider playing phoneysEnd game considerations
81PHONEYS AND WHEN TO PLAY THEM Common in club and tournament playEthical? comparable to bluffing in pokerWhen you have little to lose- way behind in gameWhen you want to test opponent’s word knowledgeWhen opponent just lost a challenge- gun shyWhen you have many good plays- risk higher scoreWhen you want to improve your leaveWhen you want higher point spread- tournamentsCaution- player may challenge own phoneyif you, mistakenly, add an S to the phoneyto make a new word
82OPEN BOARD many scoring options S on QUIRE & play vertical word thru TWSplay from TWS H1-4if you have IN, hook toG row 13, build bingohigh pt tile at 14J-Nex: JIBED 62 ptsDWS-DWS thru E 5G15 L-O, FLEX 54 pts
83CLOSED BOARD few scoring options any rows/columns open for large scores?bingo lane column Iif have S for BRINGSlane H1-8 for an INGbingo, opens rows 1-5TIME or TIMED atF7 for ptsAhead?- keep it closedBehind?- open it up
84BOARD SUMMARY far ahead? (70+ pts)- close down board, even for fewer pts if you can block opponentfar behind? (70+ pts)- keep board open to bingo,and high plays with J, Q, X, Zyou and opponent about even? (within about 30 pts)consider openings you give opponentversusyour rack leavekeep board open if you have bingo-friendly tileskeep board more closed if you have poor letters
85STRATEGY Defense Avoid placing vowels next to premium squares Answer opponent’s big play with equal scoring“Shut down” board when aheadBlock plays with C and V (no 2-letter words with them)Shut down bingo lanesAvoid opening up “Hot Spots”Consider + & - of challenging a phoneyHigh probability bingo stems and mnemonics-helps you recognize rack and its bingoes or notConsider when to exchange tilesConsider tracking which tiles have been playedWatch opponent carefully for behavioral tipoffsEnd game considerations
87SCRABBLE DABBLE BISNAGA AVODIRE NILGHAI CATALOS OVERSAD NILGHAU VEDALIATEREFAHSAINTLYDRAYAGEHALTERESAVIOURANAPESTFINAGLEBIOGENYDOGBANEREFUTALTUBULINAMBONESRIVAGESRESTYLEECHNIDAMUTAGENMITOGENCUMARINNEGATONWETTISHOCTANOLPREWRAPNIVEOUSANAGRAMS- Each of these uncommon7-letter words is found in the OSPD4.Find a common word anagram for each one.All have either a common beginning or ending.
88Using only vowels (no Ys) find the common words. SCRABBLE DABBLEB _ SC _ _ TCR _ N _ _ M_ LM _ N _ CM _ _ LB _ XR _ _ DW _ YS _ _ S _ CKH _ _ RS _ YPL _ G _ _ DV _ N _ LL _R _ T _ ND __ N _ T _ MY_ ST _ _ NDT _ BL _ _ D_ NF _ D _ LC _ R _ F _ LP _ _ NF _ LC _ H _ _ TSN _ M _ R _ LM _ S _ C _ LF _ RT _ L _FILL-INS- Seeing consonants in their correct position in a word can lead to finding the word.Using only vowels (no Ys) find the common words.
90All are compound words. It may help to use tiles. SCRABBLE DABBLEACDHINSWEHKMOORWCEHNSTTUAABEHLPTABDHIRTYABEMMNOOAENOOPSTAEEHNRWYEFOOPSTTAADDEMRYAADILORRAADDEHMNACEEHLOSEHLLNSTUAABBELLSIIMSSTUWAEFORSTWHMMOORSUABDEKORYABELOPTTADEINRVYDHIKNOOWABDEGOPRAILNOPTYEEFNORTUEFLORSUYACEHOSSWBEHINOSWAEEFLLRWEEGHISSTANAGRAMS- Each of these alphagrams can be rearranged to make a common 8-letter word.All are compound words. It may help to use tiles.
918-letter word by adding 3 more letters from the rack. SCRABBLE DABBLEACEGMNR _ _ _ ACINGEGILOPR _ _ _ AMBLEACMORUV _ _ _ AMENTEILNTUV _ _ _ AMINSEGHMNOR _ _ _ ANTICCDEILNW _ _ _ ANGERAEGIORT _ _ _ BORNECEFILNP _ _ _ CITEDABELMRU _ _ _ DOWNSACGINPT _ _ _ EATERFRONT EXTENSIONS- Sometimes you can extend a 5-letter opening play into the TWS. Find the8-letter word by adding 3 more letters from the rack.
93AFTER YOU BECOME FAMILY CHAMP… No one wants to play you anymore!Yet, you still have the Scrabble jones!You’re not sure you want to become "serious"Yet, you wonder how competitive you’d beThat’s why we have Asheville Scrabble Club!And, tournaments everywhere, even cruises!
94Club Play & Tournaments cross-section of America friendshipmental challengefun with wordsthrill of competition“100 Tiles”Asheville A-1 "Autumn Leaves" Scrabble Tournament
95WHAT TO EXPECT AT ASHEVILLE SCRABBLE CLUB Equipment provided: boards, tiles, racks, clocks, score sheetsClocks give = time for both players; quickly becomes automaticWe help you with competitive play so you’ll keep playing with usCheat Sheet first 3 times, free challenges vs. advanced playersZyzzyva Word Judge used to decide if a word is acceptableKnowing a word’s definition unnecessary; but, helpful to someNo dues first 6 months; $20 year thereafter, or $2 per meetingNorth American Scrabble Players Association (NASPA)
96ASHEVILLE SCRABBLE CLUB WEBSITE Home/NewsBingoesWhere We PlayTournamentsAsheville ScrabblogStudy AidsClub PlayersResourcesNew to Our Club?DirectorsStatsQuestions/Contact
98TOUGH FILL-INS- Use this rack to make common words. SCRABBLE DABBLEP _ _ T _ _ I _V _ _ C _ _ I _B _ _ _ A _ _ E_ A _ E _ D _ __ _ _ _ I _ ET_ U _ I _ _ _ Y_ _ U _ _ HE __ O _ _ TI _ _F _ _ ME _ _ _P _ _ _ A _ _ ETOUGH FILL-INS- Use this rack to make common words.A C L N O R W
99SCRABBLE DABBLE DEIIINV _ _ _ _ _ POWER EHLMORS _ _ _ _ _ WEIGHT CDEGIST _ _ _ _ _ SHIRTAECNNOT _ _ _ SULTAN _AGHILMT _ _ _ _ _ _ DUALITYBEILMNT _ _ _ _ _ COLORIKMOPRT _ _ _ _ _ EWE _ _AENRSTW _ _ _TURBAN _ _BDELMTU _ _ _ AIRMEN _AENRTUW _ _ OPERA _ _ _TOUGH FRONT EXTENSIONS-Extend the words in right column by adding lettersfrom one of the racks in the left column.The racks are not paired with the words opposite them .
100QUESTIONS Are you glad you chose this class? Has your scoring average increased?Have you learned which are best tiles to hold onto?Do you know the best scoring spots on the board?Have you learned offensive and defensive strategy?Are you now or will you be your family champ?Are you interested in club and tournament play?