5Lighting: What types of lights do you generally see in kitchens? Task:Accent?
6Counter Space To cook To mix To roll out cookie dough or pie crust To stack dirty dishes by the sinkTo dry clean dishesTo stack clean dishes from the dishwasher before putting them away
7Flooring, Counter Tops, Cabinets and Sinks: What materials are used?
8FlooringHardwoodTile and StoneLaminateVinyl and Resilient
9HardwoodOak is the most popular domestic hardwood and can last for decades.North American species like birch, cherry and maple are timeless choices.Global species have a regal look, rich color tones and provide inherent hardness.Bamboo and cork provide a contemporary decor and are renewable resources.
10Tile and StoneUsed indoors and out, porcelain is stronger than ceramic and has the most durable surface.An economical choice for indoor use, ceramic is durable and easy to clean.For indoor and outdoor applications with natural colors and pattern variations.Indoor and outdoor use, bringing vibrant colors for modern to rustic looks.
11LaminateFeatures the authentic appearance of real domestic woods such as oak.Exotic laminate mimics unique woods, such as Pear Wood and MerbauWith an array of patterns, laminate mimics the appearance of natural tile.Rustic laminate has a warm, country feel.
12VinylSold in 6 ft. and 12 ft. widths to quickly and easily cover large rooms.Like hardwood and tile, plank is easy to install with no glue required.Typically sold in 12 in. squares, vinyl tile's self-adhesion makes installation easy.Sometimes embossed, luxury vinyl can be grouted for a tile look.
13CabinetsSolid Wood and VeneerLaminate and Thermofoil
14Solid Wood and VeneersMost cabinets are made from hardwoods, but to reduce costs, these hardwoods are often applied as veneers over a substrate, such as plywood.Wood warps easily as its moisture content changes. That's why it's important that the wood be finished on all sides before it leaves the factory. Unfinished cabinetry should be finished on-site as soon as possible to prevent warping. Veneered cabinets are more stable than solid lumber in high-humidity areas.
16Laminate and Thermofoil Cabinetry that is not solid-wood or wood veneer is generally laminate or Thermofoil, both of which are applied to substrates. Laminate and Thermofoil come in a range of colors and patterns, including some that mimic wood.
18Counter Tops Granite Engineered Stone Solid Surfaces Ceramic Tile LaminatesWood or Butcher BlockStainless SteelSoap StoneMarbleConcrete
19GraniteGranite is the countertop material of choice when there are no other things to think about - like money. It defines elegance in a kitchen. As the use of granite becomes more widespread, the price comes down. The beauty of the stone contributes to the beauty of even the most modest kitchen.Pros: holds up to heat; comes in a range of almost 3000 colors; looks permanent and substantial; will last a lifetime; new sealers are almost maintenance-free; 2nd highest hardness rating after diamonds; has a high value to home buyers.Cons: expensive, but becoming more affordable; requires some maintenance; some stones absorbs stains if not sealed; knives can become dull if you cut on it; can crack if stressed or improperly installed.
20Engineered StoneEngineered stone is composed of 93% quartz particles. It is available in a larger range of colors than granite and has a nonporous surface that resists scratches. It's easy to maintain, without the annual sealing required by natural stone. Some brands on the market include DuPont Zodiaq®, LG Viatera®, Cambria Quartz, and Silestone®.Pros: Resistant to stain and acid; easy care.Cons: Expensive.
21Solid SurfacesBecause solid surface counters are just what they're called, solid, any scratches can be sanded out. The countertops are custom-made to your specifications by companies such as Avonite, Corian, and Swanstone.Pros: comes in a rainbow of colors and patterns; seamless; stain resistant.Cons: vulnerable to hot pans and stains which can damage the surface; can be moderately expensive.
22Sinks Stainless Steel Sinks Enameled Cast Iron Sinks Americast Sinks Vitreous China & FireclayManmade MaterialsCopper Sinks
23Stainless Steel SinksStainless Steel Sinks - the neutral color for the kitchen and the most popular style of sink. Stainless steel works in both traditional and contemporary kitchens and they'll complement your decor long after trendy colors are out of style. Some have integrated counter tops & larger, deeper bowls. Though it may scratch, it's easy to clean with a household cleanser and soft towel. They won't chip, nick, crack or rust, stain or fade. The sanitary surface is just one reason healthcare facilities use them. Finishes include a mirrored finish which is shiny and brushed or satin stainless which is less likely to show scratches. Some sinks come as a combination with a satin bowl and mirrored rim. Most stainless steel sinks are undercoated with a sound deadening material to reduce noise, inhibit condensation and provide for better heat retention.
24Enameled Cast Iron Sinks Enameled Cast Iron Sinks are a solid cast iron base layered with a deep enamel surface. These sinks are extremely heavy and resist almost any type of structural damage. Due to their weight, these long-lasting sinks are a little more difficult to install. They do, however, provide for good heat retention and are quieter than other types of sinks.
25Americast SinksAmericast Sinks are a remarkable alternative that's more durable and weighs half as much as traditional cast iron sinks. Its insulation properties allow it to retain heat longer and emit less sound. Americast is American Standard's patented process that bonds the high-quality porcelain enamel surface with an enameling grade metal and a molded reinforcement material backing. This strengthens the sink for normal use and the smooth surface is very appealing.
26Vitreous China & Fireclay Sinks Vitreous China & Fireclay Sinks are a ceramic-based material with baked on porcelain; best recognized for its smooth and glossy finish. This type of sink is often referred to as a county or French country style. The material is impervious to water, very durable and is available in almost any color, including hand-painted and sculptured designs. Damage could occur if a heavy object is accidentally dropped into the sink. It is easy to clean and is germ-resistant.
27Manmade MaterialsManmade Materials - Also called Engineered Stone, which is an authentic solid surface. Color and texture run all the way through and cannot wear away.
28Copper SinksCopper Sinks - This style of sink adds uniqueness to the kitchen. Most copper sinks are crafted from the finest quality copper. This super-thick copper is hand-hammered, and formed into a work of art that adds a touch of class to any kitchen. Copper sinks have a living finish, their patina ages and improves over time, therefore it resists stains and other discoloration. They are also the healthier choice because bacteria cannot grow on copper. You can choose from a natural "weathered" copper or dark bronze for a warm dark look. They are offered in "natural" or polished and finished in satin nickel. Most copper sinks are heavy because of their extra-thick casting process. This enables a lifetime of use while absorbing noise and repelling dings and scratches.
29What are some current trends in home kitchen design?
30Kitchen Trends Trend #1: The Kitchens within a Kitchen "On the weeknights, they need to be able to navigate their kitchen quickly when they're just warming up a simple meal. But on the weekends, they need it to open up enough so they can prepare a fancy gourmet meal and entertain a large group of friends while they are cooking."
31Kitchen Trends Trend #2:: Eclectic is In "Instead of having a solid bank of cabinets with a standard look, customers are mixing and matching finishes, putting cabinets up on feet to make them look more like freestanding furniture, and choosing exotic woods and hardware”
32Kitchen Trends Trend #3: More tall, less wall "We've been installing a lot of pedestal cabinets -- these are cabinets which are taller than the rest, usually 42 inches or more, that act almost like a built-in-pedestal at the end of a long run of under the counter cabinets. It's a great post for a column or other architectural element for the room"
33Kitchen Trends Trend #4: Expanded office/work desk areas "Used to be, there was a desk in the kitchen so mom could store her recipes and work on the bills," Cheever said. "But as more homes got wireless internet access, mom didn't like being cooped up at a kitchen desk." Today, customers are forgoing tiny kitchen desks for larger desks that wrap around into the family room.
34Kitchen Trends Trend #5: Everything at your fingertips "Customers today are no longer satisfied to have cabinets that merely look good. They want them to work efficiently for them, too," Aufderhar said. Decora' was one of the first in the semi-custom cabinet market to offer a full line of cabinet storage options, from overhead wine racks, to pull out spice racks and chopping boards, and more.
35What are some special needs that the elderly or physically handicapped may have when working in the kitchen?
36Special Needs Countertops Sinks Vary countertop heights Space for knees under counterPull out cutting boardsSinksWheel chair accessible sinks should be shallowAllow for knee spaceInsulate hot water pipes to prevent burns on legs
37Special Needs Wall Cabinets Base Cabinets Doorways and Hallways Lower some wall cabinetsAdjustable wall cabinets are EXPENSIVE, but available.Base CabinetsRemoval of some base cabinets may be needed to provide leg space.Doorways and HallwaysA 36” door will allow for a wheel chairLever style door handle
38Special Needs Kitchen Isle Width Appliances A width of 42” instead of 36” allows several people to work in the kitchen at the same time, as well as allows for wheelchair space.Appliancesinstall the wall oven and microwave so they are approximately 31" from the floorFor a range, look for a slanted control panel with recessed control knobs that are easy to hold and to turn
39Other ConsiderationsA cranking, casement type window is easier to open than the standard double hung style.Glare-free lighting, cabinets, and low-gloss counter laminate improves usability.Switches and thermostats should be installed no higher than 48" off the floor.Place electrical outlets no lower than 15" off the floor.
40By implementing an accessible design your kitchen can be easier for all users.