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CMS Outer Hadron Calorimeter (HO) Project Naba K Mondal Tata Institute, Mumbai, India HO-EDR Presentation, 10th June, 1999.

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Presentation on theme: "CMS Outer Hadron Calorimeter (HO) Project Naba K Mondal Tata Institute, Mumbai, India HO-EDR Presentation, 10th June, 1999."— Presentation transcript:

1 CMS Outer Hadron Calorimeter (HO) Project Naba K Mondal Tata Institute, Mumbai, India HO-EDR Presentation, 10th June, 1999

2 CMS HCAL-HO EDR, June 99 HO EDR Agenda June 10, 1999 HO design and test beam results Naba Mondal HO Hanging structure design D. Dattola HO production with emphasis on QC/QA Sudeshna Banerjee Tile grooving and test facilities at Panjab University J. Singh HO organisation and Planning Naba Mondal

3 CMS HCAL-HO EDR, June 99 Responsibility Chart HO Mechanics CERN Optics Manufacturing Tata Institute, Mumbai Panjab University, Chandigarh Central Workshop, BARC, Mumbai Decoder box, Electronics US-CMS groups

4 CMS HCAL-HO EDR, June 99 Need for HO In the central region, HB is not thick enough to contain hadronic shower fully, particularly those fluctuated showers which develop deep inside the HCAL. Need to extend HCAL outside the solenoid magnet and make additional sampling of the shower. This part outside the magnet coil is referred as Outer Hadron Calorimeter (HO)

5 CMS HCAL-HO EDR, June 99 HO Location Geographically located just below the muon system and hence is constrained by the geometry of the muon system.

6 CMS HCAL-HO EDR, June 99 HO Coverage HO covers the central rapidity region ( < 1.26) occupied by the five Muon Rings. ( numbered as -2,-1,0,1,2) For Ring 0, there will be two HO layers ( Layer 0 & 1) on either side of the 18 cm thick tail catcher iron at R=3.82 m and 4.07 m For Rings -2,-1,1 & 2, there will be a single HO layer ( Layer 1) at R= 4.07 m

7 CMS HCAL-HO EDR, June 99 Simulation Study Use CMSIM Version 113 for CMS detector simulation Use tracker geometry as in post-ECAL pre-Tracker TDR Use ECAL geometry as in ECAL TDR Barrel inner hadron calorimeter with 17 layers in front of the coil HO consists of: Two layers in ring 0 on either side of the tail catcher iron One layer in rings 2,1,-1 & -2 Showers are generated using GEANT for electromagnetic and GHEISHA for hadronic component

8 CMS HCAL-HO EDR, June 99 Simulation Study Effect of leakage is visible from 70 GeV and increases with energy Effect of leakage is smaller at higher

9 CMS HCAL-HO EDR, June 99 Simulation Study Energy resolution: The constant term improves after addition of HO Fraction of events having measured energies 3 below the mean value Leakage is < 1%

10 CMS HCAL-HO EDR, June Test beam results Energy Resolution Leakage

11 CMS HCAL-HO EDR, June 99 Simulation Study Effect of HBO on missing energy QCD events

12 CMS HCAL-HO EDR, June 99 Design Consideration Basic Detector Elements should map the barrel hadron Calorimeter ( HB) towers of granularity X in and Should be able to see MIPS. 10 mm thick Bicron BC408 scintillator to be used as the active element. Use 0.94 mm dia WLS Kuraray double clad fibers ( in shapped grooves), spliced to clear fibers to carry light to HPDs located on the outer edge of the muon system.

13 CMS HCAL-HO EDR, June 99 HO segmentation HO Segmentation along HO in each ring is divided into 12 identical sectors, each covering 30 0 in Each sector has six slices- each covering 5 0 ( = 0.087) Width of slices in mm Ring 0: Layer 0: Ring 0: Layer 1: Ring -2,-1,1 and 2: Layer 1:

14 CMS HCAL-HO EDR, June 99 HO segmentation segmentation along Total coverage along in each ring : 2.51 m Length along in mm ( Edge towers are truncated due to geometrical constraints} Ring 0 - eight towers Ring 1/-1 - six towers Ring 2/-2 - five towers Tower # Lay-0 Lay-1 Tower # Lay 1 Tower # Lay & & & & & & & & & & &

15 CMS HCAL-HO EDR, June 99 HO Tile design Light from individual tile is collected using WLS fiber. Fibers are held inside the tile in keyhole type grooves There will be 4 identical shaped grooves per tile. HO has 95 different tile dimensions, 75 for layer 1 and 20 for layer 0. Total number of tiles

16 CMS HCAL-HO EDR, June 99 HO Tray Design All the tiles in the same slice of a ring will be packed as a single mechanical unit called the tray. It will cover the entire length of a muon ring along Z. Along, it will only be one tile wide ( 5 0 )

17 CMS HCAL-HO EDR, June 99 HO Tray Assembly Tiles in a tray will be covered with tyvek and tedler. Will be sandwiched between two plastic plates of 2mm and 1mm thickness for mechanical stability and ease of handling. 2mm thick plastic cover will have grooves to route the fibers from tiles to edge connector. Additional groove for the source tube

18 CMS HCAL-HO EDR, June 99 Picture of a tray

19 CMS HCAL-HO EDR, June 99 Full Tray

20 CMS HCAL-HO EDR, June 99 Light collection Clear fibers spliced to WLS fiber will transport scintillation light to an optical connector located at the edge of the tray.

21 CMS HCAL-HO EDR, June 99 Optical Cable Routing Optical cables made of 0.94 mm diameter clear fibers carry light from the tray connector to the HPDs located in a Decoder box outside the muon system

22 CMS HCAL-HO EDR, June 99 List of HO items No of Tiles : 2736 No of Trays : 432 No of Pigtails : 864 No of Optical cables : 864 Area of Scintillator : 380 m 2

23 CMS HCAL-HO EDR, June 99 Material Safety Information Scintillator Name : BC 408 Chemical Name : Polyvinyl Toluene ( >97% wt) & Organic Fluors ( < 3% wt) Formula : C 10 H 11 Flash Point : None Unusual Fire and Explosion Hazards : None Avoid : Temperatures above C Respiratory Protection : When machining or polishing wear and approved dust respirator

24 CMS HCAL-HO EDR, June 99 Pre Production Prototype Sector Aim: To test a small number of modules using test beam to establish the production procedure and to optimise the detector design: PPP1: Cover 20 0 in and one half barrel ( 2 and 1/2 rings) in Z Need: 8 half length Trays ( 1.27 m) for ring 0 8 full length Trays ( 2.54 m) for rings 1 & 2 # of Tiles : 76 # of pigtails : 32 These Trays were exposed to test beams at CERN in the summer of 98 PPP2: Additional 8 trays made and transported to CERN this year to cover one sector completely for this years combined run with HB and HE modules

25 CMS HCAL-HO EDR, June 99 Test Beam Modules PPP tile with 4 grooves visible Pigtial with connector Finished Tray

26 CMS HCAL-HO EDR, June Test Beam Setup

27 CMS HCAL-HO EDR, June 99 Test Beam Results Response of the HO tiles was measured With Cosmic ray Muons (with PMTs) at TIFR With muon beams at CERN Using HPDs with D0 pre-amplifier electronics Using HPDs with QIE prototype electronics ( Proof of principle) Using radioactive wire source Using X-Y scanner

28 CMS HCAL-HO EDR, June 99 Cosmic Test Setup

29 CMS HCAL-HO EDR, June 99 Cosmic Ray test of PPP trays After fabrication the trays were tested using cosmic ray muons at TIFR, Mumbai.

30 CMS HCAL-HO EDR, June 99 Test Beam Results Pedestal subtracted muon ADC signal from a ring 0 HO tower- (layer 0 and layer 1 combined) Signal = 34.7, p = 9.4, S/N = 4 Pedestal subtracted muon ADC signal from a ring 1 tile ( Single layer). Signal = 18, p =10, S/N = 1.8

31 CMS HCAL-HO EDR, June 99 Test Beam Results Fine scan of an HO tile ( Tile # 124) using 2 cm X 2cm beam spot to test tile uniformity

32 CMS HCAL-HO EDR, June 99 Test Beam Calibration LED data was used for calibration of individual channels.

33 CMS HCAL-HO EDR, June 99 Photo Electron yield due to MIP For HO tiles, we have estimated p.e. yields using test beam muon spectrum and the LED calibration data Ring 0 Tiles Ring 1 Tiles

34 CMS HCAL-HO EDR, June 99 Source Calibration HO trays have also been calibrated using wire source scanner as well as X- Y source scanner

35 CMS HCAL-HO EDR, June 99 HO with QIE + HPD Muons could be seen in HO with the QIE + HPD contained within 2 time slices of 40 MHz.

36 CMS HCAL-HO EDR, June 99 Summary Need for an Outer Hadron Calorimeter (HO) in the barrel region has been established. Simulations and test beam results show that HO will improve the energy resolution and is necessary for physics involving missing Et. We have a detailed Engineering design for HO. We have tested Pre-Production Prototype (PPP) Modules with HPD readouts using muon beam at CERN in Results show that we are sensitive to MIPs which is one of our design goals. We have also tested these modules using radioactive wire source as well as using X-Y source scan. Through the exercise of producing the PPP modules, we have developed all the tools and necessary procedures for QC/QA and are ready to enter the production stage.

37 CMS HCAL-HO EDR, June 99 HO Technical Board Within India-CMS collaboration we have a Technical Board to discuss and decide on various technical issues related to HO. Current Members of the Technical Board: Naba K Mondal (Coordinator) Atul Gurtu M.R.Krishnaswamy K.Sudhakar J.B.Singh R.S.Koppikar S.N.Ganguli (India-CMS contact person)

38 CMS HCAL-HO EDR, June 99 HO Task Coordinators Naba K Mondal : Technical Coordinator M.R.Krishnaswamy : Incharge of overall Quality Control J.M.Kohli : Incharge of the Chandigarh Center

39 CMS HCAL-HO EDR, June 99 Production Responsibilities Machining of Scintillator tiles will be done at two centers 25% of tile grooving and the necessary QC will be done at Chandigarh 75% of tile grooving at Mumbai ( TIFR & BARC) All the remaining jobs will be done at the Optics Centre, TIFR, Mumbai with participation from Chandigarh group Procurement of all raw materials ( Scintillator sheets,WLS and Clear fibers, Tyvek and Tedler sheets, plastic sheets, cutters etc) will be done through the Mumbai center. Shipment of all the trays will be done through the Mumbai centre

40 CMS HCAL-HO EDR, June 99 Introduction to HO Project Naba K Mondal TIFR, Mumbai, India


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