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Summit Hill Elementary Art EDventures Tessellating Triangles 5 th Grade/Math Tiling M.C. Escher Brought to you by S.H.E. PTA

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Meet M. C. Escher 1898-1972 "Are you really sure that a floor can't also be a ceiling?"

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A Supportive Father Mauritis Cornelis (M.C.) Escher or Mauk as he was nicknamed, was born in Holland in 1898 around the time the automobile was invented. He was the youngest of three boys from a wealthy family. His dad encouraged Mauk to learn carpentry, take piano lessons, travel and to eventually pursue art as a career. Hand with Reflecting Sphere By M.C. Escher

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From Architect to Print Maker Escher wasnt a very good student. His teachers remember him as being a good artist. While in Architecture School his professors encouraged him to pursue his artistic talents. He switched from designing buildings to designing prints instead. Escher had no math training beyond High School but is very famous for creating images that included a lot mathematics. Cycle By M.C. Escher Can you see any math or architecture in this print?

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Math Made Visual Scientists and Mathematicians around the world are big fans of his art because it is filled with their concepts. For example, Eschers Gravity piece features a geometric (mathematic) shape called a polyhedra. (hit enter) His Drawing Hands piece cleverly symbolizes another math concept of an infinite loop (or never ending loop.) (hit enter) Gravity Drawing Hands

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Interplay With Shapes He is best known for his prints with interacting shapes. Escher liked his art to fill the entire picture plane (or surface) so there was no empty space. He often used a math process of dividing a picture plane into geometric shapes called tiling. Then he would change these shapes so they interacted with each otheralmost like pieces in a puzzle, to create art called tessellations. Sky and Water I Can you see the interacting puzzle-like shapes?

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See The Tessellation? Shapes that completely cover a picture plane with no overlap (like tiles on a bathroom floor) are known in math as tiling. When you fill the tiles with pictures or colors to create patterns you have art that is called tessellations. Square TilesTriangular Tiles Hexagonal Tiles This has both tessellations and a never ending loop.

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Eschers Inspiration Twenty of his tessellation prints include insect shapes. Escher liked to use the insect world for inspiration- he respected the order he found within nature. Untitled Can you relate these images like Escher?

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Order of Nature What shape is in this tessellation?

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What Image Do You See First? Circle Limit 5

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Triangular Tessellation Cannon ball Jellyfish Nurse Shark Moray Eel Sea Star Escher traveled the world to study buildings and bathrooms with beautiful tile for his tessellations projects. His favorites were in Spain. Next time you are in a bathroom – take a look at the floor. You might just find a tessellation under your toes! Now its time to create a triangular tessellation of your own!

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Meet M. C. Escher 1898-1972 "Are you really sure that a floor can't also be a ceiling?"

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Tessellations Sample Candy Colors Now its time to color your triangular tessellation. Color like shapes the same color. For example all the gumballs are blue. All the candy hearts are purple. All the gummy fruit slices are orange. Background Color When you are finished coloring your candy shapes, go ahead and color in the background a solid color. Do not repeat a color that you have already used! You have just tessellated a triangle 8 times to create a tile! Wowza!

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Project Art EDventures Folding Take square piece of paper and fold in half to make two triangles. Open and repeat in the other direction so you now have four triangles. Open and fold in half to make two. Open and repeat so you now have 8 total triangles. You should have a single triangle too (handed out): It should fit inside one of your folded triangles perfectly. Candy Shapes Ask the kids to think of different kinds of candy shapes and draw them on the white board. For example, the kids may call out gum balls! -draw a circle. Licorice! - draw a skinny rectangle. Candy hearts!- draw a heart, etc. Then ask the kids to chose three types of candy shapes from the board and to draw them inside their single triangle. The simpler the better! Tell them to make their marks dark! Lines Now ask the kids to draw two lines on their triangle. The lines have to go from one side of the triangle to another and go off the edge. (Its ok to touch or disect their candy but the end design will be easier if it does not.

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Project Art EDventures Triangle to Square Fold you paper into a triangle so your transferred triangle touches the empty folded triangle to your upper left. Then trace over the back side to transfer your design again. Transfer Your Triangle Fit your loose triangle inside your folder square with the pencil marks down. You should be able to see the lines through the paper. Now trace over these lines. Press firmly because you want the carbon to transfer onto your paper square. Trace over your loose triangle. It will transfer! Open it up and you will have filled a square! Go over your lines do they are DARK! Trace over the backside Folded edge to your right.

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Project Art EDventures Rectangle to Rectangle Fold you paper into a rectangle. Now you want to fill the right side of your paper that is still blank. Square to Rectangle Fold your paper into a rectangle with the pencil marks inside your square touching the empty square just above it. Open it up and you will have filled a rectangle! Go over your lines so they are DARK! Fold your paper up into a landscape rectangle. Trace over the entire backside. Folded edge on this side. Open it up and you will have filled the entire square! Go over your lines so they are DARK! Trace over the entire backside square. Folded edge on the bottom.

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Supply List Light Weight Paper – like copy paper. Precut into (get the size) large squares. (One per child.) Triangles –precut to be the same size as one of the eight smaller folded triangles within your squares. (One per child.) Pencils, erasers and sharpeners. (One per child.) Crayons-one box per child. You can do this lesson with colored pencils or markers. In order to completely color this in 45 minutes, we have found crayons to work the best. And, there is usually no need to take time to sharpen crayons.

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Art EDventures Made possible with your donations to S.H.E.s PTA M.C. Escher Dear Mom, Dad or Caretaker, Hi! I went on an Art EDventure today called Tessellating Triangles. We learned about a Dutch artist named M.C. Escher. Although he didnt take math past high school, Escher is famous for including mathematical concepts in his art. It was fun discovering how he used a math concept called tiling in his art to create amazing puzzle-like prints. He also liked to play tricks on your eyes by cleverly using never ending loops and geometric shapes like polyhedras. We learned how to tessellate a triangle into a tile too. Ask me how I did it! (My hand sure needed a shake break after I was through!) Sky and Water I Dear Mom, Dad or Caretaker, Hi! I went on an Art EDventure today called Tessellating Triangles. We learned about a Dutch artist named M.C. Escher. Although he didnt take math past high school, Escher is famous for including mathematical concepts in his art. It was fun discovering how he used a math concept called tiling in his art to create amazing puzzle-like prints. He also liked to play tricks on your eyes by cleverly using never ending loops and geometric shapes like polyhedras. We learned how to tessellate a triangle into a tile too. Ask me how I did it! (My hand sure needed a shake break after I was through!) M.C. Escher Sky and Water I

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