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Holt CA Course 1 8-4 Sample Spaces Warm Up Warm Up California Standards California Standards Lesson Presentation Lesson PresentationPreview.

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Presentation on theme: "Holt CA Course 1 8-4 Sample Spaces Warm Up Warm Up California Standards California Standards Lesson Presentation Lesson PresentationPreview."— Presentation transcript:

1 Holt CA Course Sample Spaces Warm Up Warm Up California Standards California Standards Lesson Presentation Lesson PresentationPreview

2 Holt CA Course Sample Spaces

3 Holt CA Course Sample Spaces

4 Holt CA Course Sample Spaces

5 Holt CA Course Sample Spaces Warm Up 1. A dog catches 8 out of 14 flying disks thrown. What is the experimental probability that it will catch the next one? 2. If Ted popped 8 balloons out of 12 tries, what is the experimental probability that he will pop the next balloon?

6 Holt CA Course Sample Spaces SDAP3.1 Represent all possible outcomes for compound events in an organized way (e.g., tables, grids, tree diagrams) and express the theoretical probability of each outcome. Also covered: SDAP3.3 California Standards

7 Holt CA Course Sample Spaces Objective: You will learn how to (YWLHT) use counting methods to determine possible outcomes.

8 Holt CA Course Sample Spaces Vocabulary sample space compound event Fundamental Counting Principle

9 Holt CA Course Sample Spaces Together, all the possible outcomes of an experiment make up the sample space. For example, when you toss a coin, the sample space is landing on heads or tails. A compound event includes two or more simple events. Tossing one coin is a simple event; tossing two coins is a compound event. You can make a table to show all possible outcomes of an experiment involving a compound event.

10 Holt CA Course Sample Spaces One bag has a red tile, a blue tile, and a green tile. A second bag has a red tile and a blue tile. Vincent draws one tile from each bag. Use a table to find all the possible outcomes. What is the theoretical probability of each outcome? Example 1: Using a Table to Find a Sample Space

11 Holt CA Course Sample Spaces Let R = red tile, B = blue tile, and G = green tile. Record each possible outcome. Example 1 Continued Bag 1Bag 2 RR RB BR BB GR GB RR: 2 red tiles RB: 1 red, 1 blue tile BR: 1 blue, 1 red tile BB: 2 blue tiles GR: 1 green, 1 red tile GB: 1 green, 1 blue tile

12 Holt CA Course Sample Spaces Find the probability of each outcome. Example 1 Continued P(2 red tiles) = 1616 P(1 red, 1 blue tile) = 1313 P(2 blue tiles) = 1616 P(1 green, 1 red tile) = 1616 P(1 green, 1 blue tile) = 1616 Bag 1Bag 2 RR RB BR BB GR GB

13 Holt CA Course Sample Spaces Check It Out! Example 2 Darren has two bags of marbles. One has a green marble and a red marble. The second bag has a blue and a red marble. Darren draws one marble from each bag. Use a table to find all the possible outcomes. What is the theoretical probability of each outcome?

14 Holt CA Course Sample Spaces Check It Out! Example 2 Continued Let R = red marble, B = blue marble, and G = green marble. Record each possible outcome. Bag 1Bag 2 GB GR RB RR GB: 1 green, 1 blue marble GR: 1 green, 1 red marble RB: 1 red, 1 blue marble RR: 2 red marbles

15 Holt CA Course Sample Spaces Find the probability of each outcome. Check It Out! Example 2 Continued P(1 green, 1 blue marble) = 1414 P(1 red, 1 blue marble) = 1414 P(2 red marbles) = 1414 P(1 green, 1 red marble) = 1414 Bag 1Bag 2 GB GR RB RR

16 Holt CA Course Sample Spaces When the number of possible outcomes of an experiment increases, it may be easier to track all the possible outcomes on a tree diagram.

17 Holt CA Course Sample Spaces There are 4 cards and 2 tiles in a board game. The cards are labeled N, S, E, and W. The tiles are numbered 1 and 2. A player randomly selects one card and one tile. Use a tree diagram to find all the possible outcomes. What is the probability that the player will select the E card and the 2 card? Example 3: Using a Tree Diagram to Find a Sample Space

18 Holt CA Course Sample Spaces Example 3 Continued List each letter on the cards. Then list each number on the tiles. N 1 2 N1 N2 S 1 2 S1 S2 E 1 2 E1 E2 W 1 2 W1 W2 There are eight possible outcomes in the sample space = The probability that the player will select the E and 2 card is P(E and 2 card) = number of ways the event can occur total number of equally likely outcomes

19 Holt CA Course Sample Spaces Check It Out! Example 4 There are 3 cubes and 2 marbles in a board game. The cubes are numbered 1, 2, and 3. The marbles are pink and green. A player randomly selects one cube and one marble. Use a tree diagram to find all the possible outcomes. What is the probability that the player will select the cube numbered 1 and the green marble? Make a tree diagram to show the sample space.

20 Holt CA Course Sample Spaces Check It Out! Example 4 Continued List each number on the cubes. Then list each color of the marbles. 1 Pink Green 1P 1G 2 Pink Green 2P 2G 3 Pink Green 3P 3G There are six possible outcomes in the sample space = The probability that the player will select the cube numbered 1 and the green marble is P(1 and green) = number of ways the event can occur total number of equally likely outcomes

21 Holt CA Course Sample Spaces The Fundamental Counting Principle states that you can find the total number of outcomes for a compound event by multiplying the number of outcomes for each simple event.

22 Holt CA Course Sample Spaces Carrie rolls two 1–6 number cubes. How many outcomes are possible? Example 5: Recreation Application The first number cube has 6 outcomes. The second number cube has 6 outcomes List the number of outcomes for each simple event. 6 · 6 = 36 There are 36 possible outcomes when Carrie rolls two number cubes. Use the Fundamental Counting Principle.

23 Holt CA Course Sample Spaces Check It Out! Example 6 A sandwich shop offers wheat, white, and sourdough bread. The choices of sandwich meat are ham, turkey, and roast beef. How many different one-meat sandwiches could you order? There are 3 choices for bread. There are 3 choices for meat. List the number of outcomes for each simple event. 3 · 3 = 9 There are 9 possible outcomes for sandwiches. Use the Fundamental Counting Principle.

24 Holt CA Course Sample Spaces Home Learning Click to view Lesson Videos

25 Holt CA Course Sample Spaces Lesson Quiz 1. Ian tosses 3 pennies. Use a tree diagram to find all the possible outcomes. What is the probability that all 3 pennies will land heads up? What are all the possible outcomes? How many outcomes are in the sample space? 2. a three question true-false test 3. choosing a pair of co-captains from the following athletes: Anna, Ben, Carol, Dan, Ed, Fran HHH, HHT, HTH, HTT, THH, THT, TTH, TTT; 15 possible outcomes: AB, AC, AD, AE, AF, BC, BD, BE, BF, CD, CE, CF, DE, DF, EF possible outcomes: TTT, TTF, TFT, TFF, FTT, FTF, FFT, FFF

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