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DFN 2111: Marietta Monaghan Jay Garrell Susan Kang Aaron Hoopes David Dreher.

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Presentation on theme: "DFN 2111: Marietta Monaghan Jay Garrell Susan Kang Aaron Hoopes David Dreher."— Presentation transcript:

1 DFN 2111: Marietta Monaghan Jay Garrell Susan Kang Aaron Hoopes David Dreher

2 Built between 447BC – 432BC Built on top of the previous temple that was destroyed as a replacement Built for the goddess Athena Believed to have been directed by statesman, Pericles Architects: Ictinos, Callicrates, and Phidias

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4 Designer: Ictinus Designer/Builder: Callicrates Sculptor/Decorative: Phidias

5 Doric Fluted columns with no base Triglyph & metope entablatures Masculine styles Materials Everything except for wooden roof beams & interior ceilings are marble 100,000 tons of marble quarried 11 miles northeast of central Athens Dimensions Measured by the top step of the base, the building is feet (30.89 meters) wide and feet (69.54 meters) long. Periteral: columns all around the perimeter (wings) Octastyle 8 columns on East & West; 17 columns on North & South Interior spaces Ionic Columns Pronaos Double Cella Smaller west cella with 4 columns Larger east cella with 9 columns along the sides and 5 columns along the back Housed the large Athena statue Opisthodomos

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7 None of the horizontal lines are absolutely straight Four sides of the foundation have a slight upward curve in the center Columns slightly swell outwards as if straining under heavy weight Every column leans in ever so slightly If corner columns were to continue, they would meet 1 ½ miles above the Earth Surfaces sanded to hide imperfections

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9 Marble tiles Uniquely thin tiles (3cm thick) appear almost translucent Laconian style roof with concave tegula (pan) tiles and convex imbricle (cover) tiles Wood Beams Antefixes Placed between alternate rows of roof tiles to hide appearance of clutter along the roof

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12 Use of pulleys and wooden cranes Used to haul and lift marble blocks Naval technology; Athenians were the greatest naval power in the Aegean Oxen were used to bring marble slabs to site Hauled up the side of the Acropolis by rolling on top of logs

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