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1 ALGEBRA TILES

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2 Rachel Magnuson

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3 By the end of this Show, youll be able to... Define and explain algebra tiles Be able to use algebra tiles to factor Show how algebra tiles can model polynomials Be able to add and subtract polynomials using algebra tiles

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4 Why Use Algebra Tiles? They are inexpensive and widespread They also make it possible to do the activities that are needed to introduce and explain the distributive law and factoring Provide a useful way to introduce operations on polynomials Work extremely well with all ages

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5 What are Algebra Tiles? How do they work?

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6 Algebra Tiles are manipulatives with which you can represent polynomials and perform polynomial operations, such as adding subtracting, multiplying, and dividing. Each tile represents a specific monomial. Algebra tiles work by the concept that every rectangle has a length, width, and area. The lengths and the widths are the lengths of the sides of the rectangle in some unit. We will be working with unit x. The area is how many squares of that unit it takes to cover the rectangle.

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7 Nomials Monomial – A mathematic expression consisting of a single term. Examples: X, 2Y Binomial – A mathematic expression consisting of 2 terms connected by a plus or minus sign. Examples: 2X+4, 4Y-2 Polynomial – A mathematical expression of one or more algebraic terms of which consists of a constant multiplier by one or more variables raise to a non-negative power. Example: 3X 2 +4x+5 Trinomial – A polynomial of 3 terms. Example: 2X+4Y-Z

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8 Algebra Tiles can be key in understanding factoring. Lets take a look at factoring.

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9 Key Points You can think of factoring as the reverse of First Outside Inside Last (FOIL) Factoring is used to break down or factor a quadratic or higher order equation You can check your factors by using FOIL to determine if you get the original equation back

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10 3 monomials well be working with Large Square X 2

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11 Rectangle X

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12 Small Square 1

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13 The Basics of Algebra Tiles

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14 Large Squares These are the blocks that will be known as x 2. These blocks appear as blue when positive and red when negative

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15 Rectangles The rectangular blocks that are as long as the square blocks but not as tall are known as x. These blocks appear as green when positive and red when negative.

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16 Small Squares The very small squares are constant terms. They look like the blocks that you probably used in addition and subtraction. They are numbers like 5, 7,9, etc. These blocks appear as yellow when positive and red when negative.

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17 Some Area Examples 5 4 7 9 7 (5 x 7) 35 (4 x 9) 36 (7 x 7) 49

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18 Now, lets change the numbers in the previous rectangles to algebraic variables. A Y X B X (Y x X) XY (B x A) AB (X x X) X 2

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19 Algebra Tiles Algebra Tiles are a geometric way to factor. Each size and shape tile has a specific value. This value is determined by the size of each side of a rectangle or square. If you recall, the area of a rectangle is length * width, the area of a square is side * side or s 2. x x x2x2 1 x x 1 1 1 x -x-x 2 1 -x 1

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20 Examples of tiles used to represent equations such as the following: 1 – x 2 s 3 – xs 2 – 1s 2 – x 2 s 5 – xs 2 – 1s

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21 In some cases, you can combine these shapes to form perfect rectangles or squares. Here are two examples :

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22 Now lets try factoring these equations that are formed into rectangles. The first two examples will be done for you.

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23 Resources Learning about Algebra Tiles Examples using Algebra Tiles Everything you need to know Play with Algebra Tiles online Make your own Algebra Tiles

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