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Sentences, Run-Ons, and Fragments 6.0 next exit. Sentence A sentence must have a subject and a verb and express a complete thought. 6.1 nextprevious exit.

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Presentation on theme: "Sentences, Run-Ons, and Fragments 6.0 next exit. Sentence A sentence must have a subject and a verb and express a complete thought. 6.1 nextprevious exit."— Presentation transcript:

1 Sentences, Run-Ons, and Fragments 6.0 next exit

2 Sentence A sentence must have a subject and a verb and express a complete thought. 6.1 nextprevious exit

3 There Are Many Types of Sentences Simple Simple Compound Compound Complex Complex 6.2 nextprevious exit

4 Simple Sentences The most common type of sentence The most common type of sentence Often fairly short Often fairly short Contain a subject and a verb Contain a subject and a verb Express a complete thought Express a complete thought nextprevious exit

5 Simple Sentences The dragon is a mythological beast. 6.8 nextprevious exit

6 The dragon is a mythological beast. It is often found in both European and Asian folk tales. Dragons may be found in many sizes. They may be different sizes and colors. One such dragon is the red dragon. It has a very nasty temper. Dragons are fond of wealth. 6.9 nextprevious exit

7 They collect gold and precious metals. They store it in caves. Most libraries have books about dragon lore. They can be extremely helpful in understanding this mythological character nextprevious exit

8 6.11 The dragon is a mythological beast which is often found in both European and Asian folk tales. Complex Sentence nextprevious exit

9 6.12 Compound Sentence nextprevious exit.. The dragon is a mythological beast which is often found in both European and Asian folk tales. Dragons may be found in many sizes, and they may be of many different colors.

10 Complex Sentence 6.12 nextprevious exit. The dragon is a mythological beast which is often found in both European and Asian folk tales. Dragons may be found in many sizes, and they may be of many different colors. One such dragon is the red dragon which has a very nasty temper.

11 6.13 Complex Sentence nextprevious exit The dragon is a mythological beast which is often found in both European and Asian folk tales. Dragons may be found in many sizes, and they may be of many different colors. One such dragon is the red dragon which has a very nasty temper. Since dragons are fond of wealth, they collect gold and precious metals which they store it in caves.

12 Most libraries have books about dragon lore which can be extremely helpful in understanding this mythological character Complex Sentence nextprevious exit

13 Compound Sentences 6.14 nextprevious exit

14 6.15 Mom worked late, and Dad took me for a haircut. nextprevious exit

15 Complex Sentences 6.16 nextprevious exit

16 Complex Sentences Used to form an exact relationship Used to form an exact relationship Composed of a dependent clause which is an adjective or an adverb clause and independent clause which is a complete sentence Composed of a dependent clause which is an adjective or an adverb clause and independent clause which is a complete sentence nextprevious exit

17 After he raised the sails, the boat picked up speed. nextprevious exit

18 6.22 Adverb Clause After he raised the sails, the boat picked up speed. nextprevious exit

19 Sentence with Adverb Clause Although my sister likes fruit as a snack, I prefer candy nextprevious exit

20 6.24 Adverb Clause nextprevious exit Sentence with Adverb Clause Although my sister likes fruit as a snack, I prefer candy.

21 Sentence with a Present Participle Phrase Walking through the mall, she ran into a co-worker nextprevious exit

22 6.26 Present Participle Phrase nextprevious exit Walking through the mall, she ran into a co-worker. Sentence with a Present Participle Phrase

23 Sentence with an Appositive 6.27 My favorite bird is the cardinal, the state bird of Ohio. nextprevious exit

24 6.28 Appositive nextprevious exit Sentence with an Appositive My favorite bird is the cardinal, the state bird of Ohio.

25 Sentence with a Past Participle Phrase Elected to the committee, Jean worked very hard nextprevious exit

26 6.29 Past Participle Phrase nextprevious exit Sentence with a Past Participle Phrase Elected to the committee, Jean worked very hard.

27 Run-On Sentences 6.31 nextprevious exit

28 A run-on sentence is made up of two separate sentences run together with no clear break between them Run-On Sentence nextprevious exit

29 There Are Two Types of Run-On Sentences Fused sentence Fused sentence Comma splices Comma splices 6.33 nextprevious exit

30 When there is no punctuation at all separating two complete statements, the run-on is called a fused sentence Fused Sentence nextprevious exit

31 When there is no punctuation at all separating two complete statements, the run-on is called a fused sentence Fused Sentence Mr. Jones worked very hard he was promoted to manager. nextprevious exit

32 Divide the fused sentence into two separate sentences. Mr. Jones worked very hard. He was promoted to manager. Mr. Jones worked very hard; he was promoted to manager. nextprevious exit

33 Make the fused sentence into a compound sentence by adding a simple conjunction and a comma. and butsoor Mr. Jones worked very hard, and he was promoted to manager. nextprevious exit

34 Use subordination to make one of the complete thoughts dependent upon the other one. Since Mr. Jones worked very hard, he was promoted to manager. nextprevious exit

35 A comma splice occurs when a comma alone separates two complete thoughts. A stronger mark of punctuation is needed. Adding a conjunction or creating a clause will also correct the error Comma Splice nextprevious exit

36 6.45 Comma Splice Carolyn went to the bus stop, she met the young children. nextprevious exit

37 Carolyn went to the bus stop. She met the young children. Corrections Carolyn went to the bus stop, and she met the young children. When Carolyn went to the bus stop, she met the young children. nextprevious exit

38 A fragment is an incomplete thought. It does not make sense by itself. It may be a dependent clause or a phrase which is not joined correctly to a main sentence Fragments nextprevious exit

39 6.50 Dependent Clause Fragment After he missed his plane nextprevious exit

40 6.51 nextprevious exit Dependent Clause Fragment After he missed his plane, he waited two hours for the next flight.

41 6.52 Phrases as Fragments Clinging to a tree nextprevious exit

42 6.53 nextprevious exit Phrases as Fragments Clinging to a tree, the Koala gazed at the tourists.

43 6.54 Missing Word Fragments nextprevious exit The baby on the blanket

44 6.56 nextprevious exit The baby on the blanket cooed at his parents. Missing Word Fragments

45 Dear Mr. Johnson, I am very interested in applying for a job nextprevious exit

46 6.57 Phrase Fragment nextprevious exit Dear Mr. Johnson, I am very interested in applying for a job. With your company as a mortgage loan officer.

47 6.57 Adverb Clause Fragment nextprevious exit Dear Mr. Johnson, I am very interested in applying for a job. With your company as a mortgage loan officer. As my resume indicates.

48 6.57 nextprevious exit Dear Mr. Johnson, I am very interested in applying for a job. With your company as a mortgage loan officer. As my resume indicates. I have had four years of experience in consumer lending.

49 6.57 Adjective Clause Fragment nextprevious exit Dear Mr. Johnson, I am very interested in applying for a job. With your company as a mortgage loan officer. As my resume indicates. I have had four years of experience in consumer lending. Which I believe would be of benefit to your company.

50 In addition, I have managed a small office I have also worked for three years at American National Bank as a loan processor Run-On Sentence nextprevious exit

51 6.59 nextprevious exit In addition, I have managed a small office I have also worked for three years at American National Bank as a loan processor. I would welcome the opportunity to discuss my qualifications for the position with you. Sincerely, Bill Smith

52 Dear Mr. Johnson, I am very interested in applying for a job with your bank as a mortgage loan officer. As my resume indicates, I have had four years of experience in consumer lending which I believe would be of benefit to your company. In addition, I have managed a small loan office, and I have also 6.60 nextprevious exit

53 worked for three years at American National Bank as a loan processor. I would welcome the opportunity to discuss my qualifications for the position with you. Sincerely, Bill Smith 6.61 previous exit


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