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IMPORTANT MESSAGE ---------------------------------------- From: AIDAT Date: 20 October 2012 To: Australian Workplaces Cc: Industries, Unions and WHS Regulators.

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Presentation on theme: "IMPORTANT MESSAGE ---------------------------------------- From: AIDAT Date: 20 October 2012 To: Australian Workplaces Cc: Industries, Unions and WHS Regulators."— Presentation transcript:

1 IMPORTANT MESSAGE ---------------------------------------- From: AIDAT Date: 20 October 2012 To: Australian Workplaces Cc: Industries, Unions and WHS Regulators Re: D R U G T E S T I N G H A R M O N I S A T I O N ---------------------------------------------------------------------- DISCLAIMER: Although this presentation is made in support of Safe Work Australia Week, it is not authorised by Safe Work Australia and does not represent any official or other views of Safe Work Australia, who may not endorse, adopt, confirm, guarantee or approve of any material or representations in this AIDAT presentation.

2 Uniform Drug Testing Standards © Copyright 2012 AIDAT ® Drug Testing Today ® Australasian Institute of Drug & Alcohol Testing Inc. All rights reserved. Roadmap to Drug Testing Today ® By Sylvest Larsen Safety Ambassador Safe Work Australia Week

3 without Flaws All Testing All Workplaces, All Roadsides All States, All Territories All Australians © Copyright 2012 AIDAT ® Drug Testing Today ® Australasian Institute of Drug & Alcohol Testing Inc. ® Same Standards

4 Drug Testing Trends StateRailBusFerryRoadAirFWAL.Gov. FED2013*20082012 VIC2004 TAS2005 SA2006 NSW20062012 QLD2007 WA2007 NT2008 ACT2010 © Copyright 2012 AIDAT ® Drug Testing Today ® Australasian Institute of Drug & Alcohol Testing Inc. ® * The Australasian Railway Association will set up a new single National Rail Safety Regulator in January 2013, which will replace the seven state-based regulators in Australia. NRSR will replace 46 pieces of state, territory and national legislation related to railway safety, bringing national, consistent and uniform (drug testing) regulations. ?UrineOral

5 Drug Testing Milestones 1988-2008 1988: Ronald Reagan introduces urine based mandatory drug testing in federal workplaces for illicit drugs 1995: Standards Australia introduces AS 4308 urine drug testing for illicit and prescription drugs 2004: Victoria is the first state to introduce random roadside oral fluid drug testing for illicit drugs 2006: Introduction of AS 4760 - the worlds first oral fluid based drug testing standard for illicit drugs 2008: Civil Aviation Safety Authority (CASA) introduces AS 4760 based mandatory testing for illicit drugs © Copyright 2012 AIDAT ® Drug Testing Today ® Australasian Institute of Drug & Alcohol Testing Inc. ®

6 Drug Testing Milestones 2009-2012 2009: AIRC Full Bench: urine to be replaced with oral fluid when AS 4760 accredited laboratories are available 2009: The first laboratory is NATA accredited to AS 4760 oral fluid (for screening and confirmatory testing) 2010: ACT is last, and Australia first country, to adopt random roadside, AS 4760 based, drug testing 2012: The first oral fluid based on-site/rapid drug test is NATA certified to AS 4760 (screening testing) 2012: FWA Full Bench declares AS 4308 urine testing to be replaced with AS 4760 oral fluid for all testing © Copyright 2012 AIDAT ® Drug Testing Today ® Australasian Institute of Drug & Alcohol Testing Inc. ®

7 Key Drug Testing Rulings [2009] FWA 424: Random, drug & alcohol testing justified at dangerous refinery - for safety-critical staff only [2009] AIRCFB 428: Urine to be replaced with oral fluid as soon as accredited laboratories becomes available [2010] NSWIRC 1068: On-site, urine testing of truck drivers justified - in the absence of accurate oral fluid tests [2011] FWA 8288: On-site, urine testing of coal miners ruled more effective than current, deficient, oral fluid tests [2012] FWAFB 4998: Urine unjust and unreasonable and to be replaced with oral fluid for all testing purposes © Copyright 2012 AIDAT ® Drug Testing Today ® Australasian Institute of Drug & Alcohol Testing Inc. ®

8 Key Drug Testing Standards Drugs US NIDA 1988, Urine Workplace AS 4308 1995, Urine Workplace AS 4760 2006, Oral Work/Road Amphetamines Benzodiazepines Cannabis Cocaine Opiates Phencyclidine Irrelevant © Copyright 2012 AIDAT ® Drug Testing Today ® Australasian Institute of Drug & Alcohol Testing Inc. ® Conformity: All standards test for most common illicit drugs Discrepancy: Only AS 4308 tests for BZO prescription drugs

9 [2012] FWA Full Bench 4998 Drugs US NIDA 1988, Urine Workplace AS 4308 1995, Urine Workplace AS 4760 2006, Oral Work/Road Amphetamines Benzodiazepines Cannabis Cocaine Opiates Phencyclidine Irrelevant © Copyright 2012 AIDAT ® Drug Testing Today ® Australasian Institute of Drug & Alcohol Testing Inc. ® Progress: AS 4760 replaces AS 4308 for all testing purposes Regress: Benzodiazepines (BZO) to be included in all testing

10 Benzodiazepines (Benzos, BZO) Benzos are a group of 30+ drugs called minor tranquillisers prescribed to help people cope with grief or trauma, to help calm people and relieve anxiety or to help people sleep. Anxiety/Stress Nervousness Depression Sedation Insomnia Seizures Muscle Relaxation Panic Attacks Benzos are depressants which can cause drowsiness and other impairments. Extended use (against medical advice) can lead to tolerance and dependence, and BZO can also be misused in combination with alcohol and other drugs (AOD). © Copyright 2012 AIDAT ® Drug Testing Today ® Australasian Institute of Drug & Alcohol Testing Inc. ®

11 Permanent Problem By adding benzodiazepines (BZO) to the testing menu you mix common prescription medicine with illicit drugs (cannabis, cocaine, ecstasy, ice and heroin). Employees shall not have to disclose any information about prescription medication - unless and until they have returned a confirmed positive drug test (FWA). With increasing popularity of on-site testing, staff testing positive to BZO will be sent home in front of colleagues (often branded as illicit drug users), before the screen test has been confirmed and the usage/prescription validated. © Copyright 2012 AIDAT ® Drug Testing Today ® Australasian Institute of Drug & Alcohol Testing Inc. ®

12 Pending Problems BZO is not part of current oral fluid standard (AS 4760) The number of BZO drugs to be included is not clarified No (official) cut-off levels have been set for above drugs No (accurate) rapid/on-site testing devices are available No (accredited) on-site testing providers are available It has taken 25 years to develop an accurate on-site test for illicit drugs, and it may well take another five years before on-site screening becomes available for AS 4760 compliant testing incorporating the most important benzodiazepines. © Copyright 2012 AIDAT ® Drug Testing Today ® Australasian Institute of Drug & Alcohol Testing Inc. ®

13 Drug Testing Status © Copyright 2012 AIDAT ® Drug Testing Today ® Australasian Institute of Drug & Alcohol Testing Inc. ® Fair Work Australia Standards Technology Australia & Industry - are not in sync any time soon..

14 © Copyright 2012 AIDAT ® Drug Testing Today ® Australasian Institute of Drug & Alcohol Testing Inc. ® Drug Testing Today ® Review Refine Resolve

15 Reason Non-Safety -Sensitive Safety- Sensitive Pre-employment Periodic Check-up Random/Blanket Suspicion/Incident Counsel/Follow-up Rehab/RTW AS 4308AS 4760 UrineOral © Copyright 2012 AIDAT ® Drug Testing Today ® Australasian Institute of Drug & Alcohol Testing Inc. ® Endeavour Energy

16 Reason Non-Safety -Sensitive Safety- Sensitive Pre-employment+ BZO Periodic Check-up+ BZO Random/Blanket+ BZO Suspicion/Incident+ BZO Counsel/Follow-up+ BZO Rehab/RTW+ BZO AS 4308AS 4760 Illicit & BZOIllicit Drugs © Copyright 2012 AIDAT ® Drug Testing Today ® Australasian Institute of Drug & Alcohol Testing Inc. ® Fair Work Australia

17 Reason Non-Safety -Sensitive Safety- Sensitive Setting Pre-employmentClinic Periodic Check-upClinic Random/BlanketWork Suspicion/IncidentWork Counsel/Follow-upWork Rehab/RTWClinic Unjustified Justified Drug Testing Today ® © Copyright 2012 AIDAT ® Drug Testing Today ® Australasian Institute of Drug & Alcohol Testing Inc. ®

18 Reason Non-Safety -Sensitive Safety- Sensitive Setting Pre-employmentClinic Periodic Check-up?Clinic Random/BlanketWork Suspicion/IncidentWork Counsel/Follow-up??Work Rehab/RTWClinic AS 4308AS 4760 UrineOral Drug Testing Today ® © Copyright 2012 AIDAT ® Drug Testing Today ® Australasian Institute of Drug & Alcohol Testing Inc. ®

19 Reason Non-Safety -Sensitive Safety- Sensitive Setting Pre-employmentClinic Periodic Check-upClinic Random/BlanketWork Suspicion/IncidentWork Counsel/Follow-upWork Rehab/RTWClinic AS 4308AS 4760 Illicit & BZOIllicit Drugs Drug Testing Today ® © Copyright 2012 AIDAT ® Drug Testing Today ® Australasian Institute of Drug & Alcohol Testing Inc. ®

20 UNIFORM Drug Testing MODEL HEALTH (Medical) SAFETY (Operational) Area Pre-employment Periodic, Rehab Work, Road, Rail Bus, Ferry, Air SettingMedical FacilityWork/Roadside DomainPrivatePublic ParticipationVoluntaryMandatory NotificationAnnouncedUnannounced SpecimenUrineOral Fluid Drug ClassesIllicit & BZOIllicit Detection WindowDaysHours StandardAS 4308AS 4760 Drug Testing Today ® © Copyright 2012 AIDAT ® Drug Testing Today ® Australasian Institute of Drug & Alcohol Testing Inc. ®

21 At last, two standards, relying on different specimens, revealing different pictures, serving different purposes, can be applied in unison - complimenting each other. AS 4308 AS 4760 Drug Testing Today ®

22 On the road For employers and at work and employees © Copyright 2012 AIDAT ® Drug Testing Today ® Australasian Institute of Drug & Alcohol Testing Inc. ® Drug Testing Today ® - is one small step away Clarity Simplicity Consistency Stability which you can take today..

23 ESTABLISHMENT OF Uniform Standards ESTABLISHMENT OF Uniform Standards © Copyright 2012 AIDAT ® Drug Testing Today ® Australasian Institute of Drug & Alcohol Testing Inc. ® Drug Testing Today ®

24 © Copyright 2012 AIDAT ® Drug Testing Today ® Australasian Institute of Drug & Alcohol Testing Inc. ® Drug Testing Today ®

25 Workplaces, employer associations, trade unions and other organisations with an interest in Uniform Drug Testing Standards Thank You Workplaces, employer associations, trade unions and other organisations with an interest in Uniform Drug Testing Standards Thank You © Copyright 2012 AIDAT ® Drug Testing Today ® Australasian Institute of Drug & Alcohol Testing Inc. All rights reserved. Drug Testing Today ® www.drugtesting.org.au Drug Testing Today ® please register here


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