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Study Skills How memory works …. I Just Cant Revise! Is this how revision affects you?Is this how revision affects you? I revise and a few days later.

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Presentation on theme: "Study Skills How memory works …. I Just Cant Revise! Is this how revision affects you?Is this how revision affects you? I revise and a few days later."— Presentation transcript:

1 Study Skills How memory works …

2 I Just Cant Revise! Is this how revision affects you?Is this how revision affects you? I revise and a few days later I forget!I revise and a few days later I forget! I have to revise everything again!I have to revise everything again! and again …!and again …!

3 Dont Worry! This is normal!!This is normal!! Your short term memory does forget thingsYour short term memory does forget things Thats why its called short termThats why its called short term Before you can plan effective revisionBefore you can plan effective revision –you need to know how short term memory works and how to transfer the information to your long term memory

4 Short Term Memory When you revise for say one hour the information goes into short term memoryWhen you revise for say one hour the information goes into short term memory But after only a short time the information starts to leak outBut after only a short time the information starts to leak out EF 1/2Brainometer

5 Short Term Memory After only a day or so most of the information will have goneAfter only a day or so most of the information will have gone To put the information back you will have to revise all over again for another hourTo put the information back you will have to revise all over again for another hour EF 1/2 Brainometer Quick Facts The more interesting you found the work – the more information you will retain. If you didnt UNDERSTAND the work you will lose information more quickly!

6 Smart Revision Suppose that you could revise for less time ….Suppose that you could revise for less time …. But retain more information!But retain more information! You can with Smart RevisionYou can with Smart Revision Heres why Smart Revision worksHeres why Smart Revision works

7 Smart Revision A great deal of research shows that after 50 – 60 minutes revising the brain stops absorbing information and spends about 10 minutes organising itselfA great deal of research shows that after 50 – 60 minutes revising the brain stops absorbing information and spends about 10 minutes organising itself Soon afterwards information starts to be lost unless it is reinforcedSoon afterwards information starts to be lost unless it is reinforced The end of that 10 minutes organisation time is the best time to recap (take a break while the brain does its bit!)The end of that 10 minutes organisation time is the best time to recap (take a break while the brain does its bit!) Quick Facts The original research was done by Hermann Ebbinghaus (1885) Ebbinhaus used the now common term learning curve to describe this phenomena

8 How to Revise Smart Revise a topic for up to 50 minutes – No longer!Revise a topic for up to 50 minutes – No longer! Take a 10 minute breakTake a 10 minute break Information will soon start leaking out!Information will soon start leaking out! But spend 10 minutes quickly recapping the topic (Well show you how later!)But spend 10 minutes quickly recapping the topic (Well show you how later!) And the leakage is stoppedAnd the leakage is stopped EF 1/2Brainometer

9 Next Day Because of the top up much more information is retained this timeBecause of the top up much more information is retained this time Another short top up is enough to reinforce the information and replace any that was lostAnother short top up is enough to reinforce the information and replace any that was lost EF 1/2Brainometer

10 A Week Later! Because of the two top ups much of the information is still retained after a weekBecause of the two top ups much of the information is still retained after a week Another short top up is enough to replace the lost informationAnother short top up is enough to replace the lost information You have revised for less time but you remember more information!You have revised for less time but you remember more information! EF 1/2Brainometer

11 Remembering Facts 100% 0% Red shows facts retained with no top ups Green show facts retained with SMART revision

12 Memory Transfer By topping up before the memory is lost …By topping up before the memory is lost … Short term memory is being transferred to your long term memoryShort term memory is being transferred to your long term memory You should top up again after a month to reinforce the informationYou should top up again after a month to reinforce the information Quick Facts The diagram of the brain is NOT meant to indicate the areas where memory is actually located!!

13 Recap Your Work A quick and effective way to recap your revision is to make a mind map diagramA quick and effective way to recap your revision is to make a mind map diagram See the example on the next slideSee the example on the next slide Remember not to waste time making it very neat and artistic but do use pictures.Remember not to waste time making it very neat and artistic but do use pictures. Spend about 10 minutes on your recap after about minutes of revisionSpend about 10 minutes on your recap after about minutes of revision Remember to take a break first!Remember to take a break first!

14 Mind Mapping Example Start in the centre of your page. Sketch a picture representing the main topic Start in the centre of your page. Sketch a picture representing the main topic Draw a line from the centre Write on the line one of the main points, adding a picture will help! Draw branching lines for sub points Label the lines Lancaster Henry lV Henry Vl Henry V York Edward lV Richard lll Edward V Expand the map Your mind map will be more complex than this! Lancaster & York

15 Remember Adding pictures to the map will help you rememberAdding pictures to the map will help you remember But its NOT a work of art, dont waste too much time!But its NOT a work of art, dont waste too much time!

16 Second Recap After one day try to reproduce the mind mapAfter one day try to reproduce the mind map When you have done all you can from memory fill in any missing information by looking at the originalWhen you have done all you can from memory fill in any missing information by looking at the original Remember only look at the first mind map when you have done all you canRemember only look at the first mind map when you have done all you can Spend only about 10 minutes on this second recapSpend only about 10 minutes on this second recap

17 After a Week Do a second top upDo a second top up You can draw the map againYou can draw the map again OR use a diagram like this:OR use a diagram like this: Your diagram will have more information!Your diagram will have more information! House of Lancaster House of York Henry lV Henry V Henry Vl Edward lV Edward V Richard lll Red RoseWhite Rose

18 Keep a Diary Its important not to miss any top up sessionsIts important not to miss any top up sessions Keeping a simple diary is essentialKeeping a simple diary is essential Revision Diary Topic First Recap 30 mins Second Recap Next day Third Recap One week 22 nd April23 rd April30 th April 22 nd April23 rd April30 th April 23 rd April24 th AprilIst May

19 Memory Aids Helping you to remember..

20 Memory Aids - Mnemonics An example of a mnemonic is Richard Of York Gave Battle In VainAn example of a mnemonic is Richard Of York Gave Battle In Vain The initial letters help you remember the order of the colours of the rainbowThe initial letters help you remember the order of the colours of the rainbow You can make up your own to help you remember listsYou can make up your own to help you remember lists Mnemonics like this are most useful when you are trying to remember the order of itemsMnemonics like this are most useful when you are trying to remember the order of items

21 Story Chains Remembering lists can be hard!Remembering lists can be hard! See if you can remember this?See if you can remember this? Boy, bee, bottle, boat, blue, blind, big, bluebottle, bankBoy, bee, bottle, boat, blue, blind, big, bluebottle, bank How many do you remember?How many do you remember? How many will you know in an hour?How many will you know in an hour?

22 Story Chains Boy, bee, bottle, boat, blue, blind, big bluebottle, bankBoy, bee, bottle, boat, blue, blind, big bluebottle, bank Now make up a story:Now make up a story: A boy found a bee and put it in a bottle. Then he rowed his boat on the lake. He asked can you see the blue water. No said the bee. Im blind but I have big ears and I can hear that bluebottle on the other bank.A boy found a bee and put it in a bottle. Then he rowed his boat on the lake. He asked can you see the blue water. No said the bee. Im blind but I have big ears and I can hear that bluebottle on the other bank.

23 Bottle Bee How Many Now how many can you remember?Now how many can you remember? Boy Word 1 Word 2 Word 3 Boat Word 4 Blue Word 5 Blind Word 6 Big Word 7 Bluebottle Word 8 Bank Word 9

24 Substitute Words The story chain works well if you can imagine a picture of the word e.g. boat, beeThe story chain works well if you can imagine a picture of the word e.g. boat, bee Often you cant easily do this e.g. Lancastrian, YorkistOften you cant easily do this e.g. Lancastrian, Yorkist In these case try to think of a substitute word that sounds like or reminds you of the real wordIn these case try to think of a substitute word that sounds like or reminds you of the real word Lancastrian could be LankyLancastrian could be Lanky Yorkist could be Yorkie barYorkist could be Yorkie bar

25

26 Numbers Lists of numbers can be difficult to rememberLists of numbers can be difficult to remember You can use the story method if you associate an image with each numberYou can use the story method if you associate an image with each number Think of ONE as GunThink of ONE as Gun TWO as ShoeTWO as Shoe

27 Numbers Gun = 1 Sticks = 6 Shoe = 2Tree = 3 Door = 4Dive = 5 Heaven = 7Gate = 8Sign = 9Hen = 10 Can you guess the name of each picture and its number? Click a shape to reveal or hide the answers!

28 Location Boxes This takes a little effort to learn but can work well for remembering quite long listsThis takes a little effort to learn but can work well for remembering quite long lists You need to use locations that you know wellYou need to use locations that you know well Dont try to use the one in the exampleDont try to use the one in the example Choose …Choose … –a room in your house –The whole house / garden –Your journey to school

29 My Location Going to school 1. Open the front door 2. Walk to the gate 3. Wait at the bus stop 4. Sit in my seat 5. Get off at the school entrance etcGoing to school 1. Open the front door 2. Walk to the gate 3. Wait at the bus stop 4. Sit in my seat 5. Get off at the school entrance etc The orange places are my locationsThe orange places are my locations

30 The List In my mind I go on the journey and …In my mind I go on the journey and … Stick the dart in my doorStick the dart in my door Leave the apple at the gateLeave the apple at the gate Stick the card to the bus stopStick the card to the bus stop Find a pound under the seat on the busFind a pound under the seat on the bus Put the flag at the school entrancePut the flag at the school entrance

31 Why Does it Work Once you have learned the order of places in your location…Once you have learned the order of places in your location… You can visualize a picture of the items in that placeYou can visualize a picture of the items in that place

32 Make it Memorable! The image of the dart sticking in the nice door will stick in your memoryThe image of the dart sticking in the nice door will stick in your memory Putting the apple by the gate isnt that memorable – maybe imagine a giant apple completely blocking the gate!Putting the apple by the gate isnt that memorable – maybe imagine a giant apple completely blocking the gate! Once youve learned the journey you can jump into the list at any point, even go backwards!Once youve learned the journey you can jump into the list at any point, even go backwards!

33 Summing Up Revise in chunks of about minutesRevise in chunks of about minutes Then take short breaks – relax!Then take short breaks – relax! Recap for 10 minutes straight after the breakRecap for 10 minutes straight after the break Top up after 1 day, 1 week and 1 monthTop up after 1 day, 1 week and 1 month Keep a simple diary – dont miss top ups!Keep a simple diary – dont miss top ups! Try to UNDERSTAND the workTry to UNDERSTAND the work Use memory aidsUse memory aids

34 Good Luck!


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