Presentation on theme: "Importance of Standardisation – The Business Case DKE 952 Dortmund, 26. August, 2003 Wolfgang Maerz MCC"— Presentation transcript:
Importance of Standardisation – The Business Case DKE 952 Dortmund, 26. August, 2003 Wolfgang Maerz MCC
Founded in 1906, the International Electrotechnical Commission prepares and publishes international standards for all electrical, electronic and related technologies. The Commissions objectives are to: meet the requirements of the global market efficiently; ensure primacy and maximum world-wide use of its standards and conformity assessment schemes assess and improve the quality of products and services covered by its standards establish the conditions for the interoperability of complex systems increase the efficiency of industrial processes contribute to the improvement of human health and safety contribute to the protection of the environment The IEC
WTO and IEC The World Trade Organisations (WTO) Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) makes standardization and the assessment to conformity of standards an important part of the global trade agenda and cites the IEC As one of the major partners to establish standards for trade.
IEC TC 57 Power System Control and associated Communications Secretary: Dr Andreas Huber (Siemens, Germany) Chairman: Mr Thierry Lefebvre (EdF, France) Scope To prepare international standards for power system control equipment and systems - including EMS, SCADA, Distribution Automation, Teleprotection and associated communications such as power line carrier - used in the planning, operation and maintenance of electric power systems. Power systems control comprises control within control centres, RTUs and substations including telecontrol and interfaces to equipment, systems and databases outside the scope of TC57. TC 57 consists of 24 P-member and 11 O-member countries
Power Generators 380 / 220 kV and higher Transmission Bulk Supply Point 30 kV Distribution Grid Supply Point 110 kV Secondary Distribution Primary Distribution Industrial Distribution Urban Distribution 10 kV Rural Distribution Control Centres - Transmission - Distribution - Energy management - Asset management - Trouble call - etc - transmission - primary - secondary - etc substations Standard domain of IEC TC 57
Power System Communication Architecture CIM - Common Information Model Administrative Services OM Object Models SM Service Models CP Communication Profiles CFL Configuration Language SEC Security CNM Network Management Application Domain Communication Level Serial interfaces in primary equipment Primary Equipment Substation (PES) Distributed Energy Resources (DER) Power Model SA SCADASA SwitchesSA Power TransformerSA C/V TransformerDP Wind turbines DP Photovoltaic DP Fuel cells
Content From interfaces to architectures The notion of Communication Interfaces The development of Communication Interfaces over the time The evolving of Communication Architectures The future seamless Communication Architecture The importance of international standards for Economy of countries Multinational vendor corporations Small-to-medium-sized vendor enterprises System operators (users) Energy market participants
From Standards to Business
World Electricity Market – 2,385 Billion 1) 11,5 17,8 4,7 4,1 38,2 1,3 3,0 5,4 6,2 7,8 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% % share Other Consumer Electronics Houshold Appliances Luminaires & Lamps Medical Systems Information Technology and Communications Car Electric & Electronics Measuring & Automation Energy & Installation Equipment Components 425 Billion 112 Billion 911 Billion 1) 1999 influences
12,0 2,0 4,5 5,5 12,5 3,5 2,5 2,0 2,5 0 % 2 % 4 % 6 % 8 % 10 % 12 % 14 % % growth/ a World Electricity Market – growth rate in %/ a 1) 1) 1999 Other Consumer Electronics Houshold Appliances Luminaires & Lamps Medical Systems Information Technology and Communications Car Electric & Electronics Measuring & Automation Energy & Installation Equipment Components technological drivers active! old industry! 1) 1999 influences
Engineering 35 % Hard- and Software 10 % Maintenance 25 % SW Upgrades 30 % Life-Cycle Cost of Automation Systems 1) 1) Automotive industry 45 % 55 % Too many Interfaces increase the overall cost! Dont forget!
Region Product Operation Vendor User Fitting together by standardized Interfaces Market
Interfaces telecontrol Serial Link Application Communication Standardisation Object model Services Communication Stack (OSI layer 1-7) Example IEC Telecontrol CC-CC TASE.2 (MMS) Example IEC Telecontrol -101, -102, -103, -104
Interfaces in substation Bus Application Communication Standardisation Device model Object model Services Communication Stack (OSI layer 1-7) Example IEC Substation bus (MMS,..) Process bus Devices (IDEs)
Integration Bus Standardisation Object model Interfaces of Components Communication Stack (CORBA, DCOM,...) Example IEC 61970, Integration Bus (IB) Common Information Model (CIM) Control centre Application Software External systems Application Software IDL CIM Interfaces in control centre Communication (legacy systems with adapter) Components (multiple vendors)
Object Modelling of IEDs in Substation Logical Device (vendor specific) L. Node Object Functional Group Objects Services Mapping Bus Protocols Time 00s Application
Class_Name attribute... services... Real world device (circuit breaker) Virtual device (circuit breaker) mapping Modelling of real world devices meta data
The Importance of Meta Data Bill 1,000 $ ? ?
Future Seamless Communication Architecture Conventional Web-based fixed Web-based mobile : anytime anywhere a seam
Seamless Definition Seamless is defined on the abstract level for interoperability without data format and service conversion and does not exclude physical seams at various system levels if necessary A system is seamless if the application layer data model (objects) and abstract services (ACSI, Abstract Communication Service Interface) are used throughout the system within the substation and for telecontrol to the control centre This does not exclude different protocol stacks on different system levels the objects and services are mapped to, but the use of the same stack throughout the system simplifies it and allows potential additional cost savings.
Seamless Communication Architecture (1) Network OSI Layer 1-3 (IP) IED HV/MV Equipment IEC Substation bus 1) (7/3 layer) IEC Process bus 1) (7/3 layer) Substation Host (with Proxy) Engineering Station seamless coms : meta data configuration data real-time data UMTS GPS Control centre with CIM Web based mobile access 1) 1) and emergency system in case of data network or CC failure radio 1) substation bus / process bus can be identical (flat architecture)
Seamless Communication Architecture (2) seamless coms : meta data configuration data real-time data Network OSI Layer 1-3 (IP) IED HV/MV Equipment IEC Substation bus 1) (7/3 layer) IEC Process bus 1) (7/3 layer) Substation Host (with Proxy) Control centre with CIM Remote CC front end Other possibility with distributed remote CC front end internal CC protocol 1) substation bus / process bus can be identical (flat architecture)
Medium life < 20 years Technology Communication Stack High life > for ever Definition Diamonds of SCADA/EMS IEC TASE.2 (MMS,...) over IP IEC Substation Bus (MMS,...) IEC Integration Bus (CORBA,..) IEC Integration Bus (CORBA,..) Telecontrol & Bus Protocols Objects Services Mapping Application API
Seamless Objects and Services IEC Station Bus (7 layer) Bus Protocols Mapping Application API Substation: Station IEC Process Bus (3 layer) Bus Protocols Mapping Application API Substation: Process Objects Services Control Centre IEC Station Bus IEC TASE.2 IEC 61970/61968 Integration Bus / CIM Bus protocols Mapping Application API EthernetMay be the same! seamless
Seamless with web-based technologies Coordinated Communications Seamless Object Model Seamless Virtual Communication Services Independence of Protocol Implementation Eliminating Gateways and Format Conversions Reduced cost of implementation Reduced cost of Maintenance Reduced cost over the life cycle seamless coms Web-based mobile UMTS GPS Web-based Intranet Browser
Example of seamless physical Architecture Switch 10 Mbit/s Bay controller Relay A Relay B Bay controller Relay A Relay B Switch 10 Mbit/s Modern Switchgear Modern CT / VT Modern Switchgear Modern CT / VT Router Engineering Substation Host with Proxy Control centre Switch 10 Mbit/s BUS Bay #1 Bay #2 IEC for telecontrol IEC (flat switched Ethernet network) Same data model, services and protocol mappings
WIND TURBINE GENERATOR SYSTEMS IEC Part 25 - Communications for monitoring and control of wind power plants communication based on IEC (i.e. ISO 9506; MMS) Seamless also for decentralised wind power systems IEC TC 88 IEC TC 57
DER Distributed energy resources... decentralized communications for fuel cells and photo voltaic. Coming soon... communication based on IEC (i.e. ISO 9506; MMS) IEC TC 57
Need for a Security Framework Holding Subsidiary #1 System Operator Electricity #2 Generation #4 #5 #n Public Telecoms + Internet External Process Net World Other System Operators #3 System Operator Gas Corporate Network Process Net ? ?
Vision: Convergence and Seamless Control Convergence Services Networks Terminals Multimedia Applications Information Technologies & Communications Seamless Objects Services Platforms Control bang Seamless Control
How the economies of countries benefit from international standardisation - the national macro economic view -
International standardisation leads to cost savings of about 1 % of the gross national product (GNP) 1). This results to world-wide savings of about 20 Million of the EMS/SCADA market (2 Billion ) 24 Billion of the electricity product market (2,385 Billion ) The impact of International Standardization on the economy is greater then of those of patents and licences 1) Standardisation leads to technology transfer between vendors In the Standardisation process vendors learn of the requirements of users 1) Research result (DIN Berlin, TU Dresden, FhG-ISI Karlsruhe), Germany, 2000
How multinational vendor corporations benefit from international standardisation - the global micro economic view -
Since the middle of the 20th century, growth rates in international trade and investment have exceeded those of domestic economies. Innovative vendors gain more than 50 % of there sales with products < 5 years old and need standards for it From this follows that standards must keep up with the pace of innovation Standardisation helps vendors to enter foreign markets and profit from it.
Developing anticipatory intelligence: You can acquire information that enables you to anticipate, before other stakeholders, circumstances that have not yet widely manifested themselves.
Using customer networks: You can identify consumer needs and conceive new products through networking with user representatives on standards committees and this may enhance the market success of new products.
Saving time and money: One of the goals of standardization is to make design and manufacturing simpler, cleaner, surer. By using standards, you dont need to reinvent the wheel every time. Instead, you can focus your efforts on adding something new to the wheel – something that will improve the quality of life and that will contribute to technological progress. Knowledge about standardization helps to research and invest in the right technology
Improving safety and quality: Nobody today can pretend to know all there is about a certain technology. Within IEC working groups you will encounter ideas some of which will be new and valuable, others which may help you to avoid making costly mistakes.
Using IEC international standards saves us time and money in our multi-million dollar transfer of technology project with Indian Railways. Without IEC standards this project could not have been attempted. Christian Vetterli Technology Transfer Project Head ABB
If customers dont see the IEC present in the product, Siemens must justify why. The IEC has made globalization possible for Siemens... Without IEC standards, prices for Siemens products would be much higher as they would have to adapt to different national requirements around the world. Gerhard Goller Head of Global Operations for High-Voltage Switchgear Siemens
One world One technology One standard IEC (substation bus & process bus & telecontrol) for Electricity nets communications Windmill turbines communications Coming soon... fuel cells communications Vendors move to the markets
How small-to-medium-sized vendor enterprises benefit from international standardisation - the global micro economic view -
Since the middle of the 20th century, growth rates in international trade and investment have exceeded those of domestic economies. Standardisation helps SMEs to enter foreign markets and profit from it.
It is the received view that SMEs in technology-intensive industries have little possibility of setting either de jure or de facto standards. While there may be far fewer de facto standards set by SMEs, nevertheless SMEs have important incentives for participating in international standardization. These incentives have to do with very important benefits related to strategic marketing advantages.
Many new SMEs - particularly the high-tech or internet-related ones - are international right from the beginning, yet these companies often experience substantial problems and high failure rates when trying to penetrate foreign markets. SMEs must address this from the beginning. One strategy they can use to penetrate successfully is being involved in international standardization.
SMEs are able to provide third party equipment to systems of big vendors using standardized interfaces SMEs can act as suppliers of big manufactures SMEs mostly gain from technology transfer
How System Operators benefit from international standardisation
ROI driven System Operators Asset- Management (ROI) Engineering Operation Power System Control Sales (fee of net and system services use) Market Participants Net Customers Vendors Market rules and codes Regulation System services Balancing Metering Settlement Products Construction Services Fee comparison with other SOs SCADA/EMS & Control Systems requirements standards
Open standardized architectures substantially reduce installation time and cost and allow equipment from multiple vendors within one system. Answer: Standard support of System integration Interfaces.
Approximately 55 % of the installed cost of utility control systems are associated with system configuration and integration over the life cycle Answer: Standard support of System migration Configuration Maintenance Conformance tests.
How market participants benefit from international standardisation
Electronic business language The function of the liberalized energy market with many market participants and more than 1 million transactions per day 1) in Europe relies heavily on electronic communication Answer: Standard support of Electronic business communication based on ebXML, Wb Services Energy market specific business language True B2B (not over mail boxes and folders) High security and performance. Modelling is a regional issue (Europe: ETSO, EFET,..) 1) Study of the EU, 2001