Presentation on theme: "Importance of Standardisation – The Business Case"— Presentation transcript:
1 Importance of Standardisation – The Business Case DKE 952Dortmund, 26. August, 2003Wolfgang MaerzMCC
2 The IECFounded in 1906, the International Electrotechnical Commission prepares and publishes international standards for all electrical, electronic and related technologies. The Commission’s objectives are to:meet the requirements of the global market efficiently;ensure primacy and maximum world-wide use of its standards and conformity assessment schemesassess and improve the quality of products and services covered by its standardsestablish the conditions for the interoperability of complex systemsincrease the efficiency of industrial processescontribute to the improvement of human health and safetycontribute to the protection of the environment
3 WTO and IEC The World Trade Organisation‘s (WTO) „Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade“ (TBT)makes standardization and theassessment to conformity of standardsan important part of the global trade agenda andcites the IEC As one of themajor partners to establish standards for trade.
4 IEC TC 57 Power System Control and associated Communications Secretary: Dr Andreas Huber (Siemens, Germany)Chairman: Mr Thierry Lefebvre (EdF, France)TC 57 consists of 24 P-member and 11 O-member countriesScopeTo prepare international standards for power system control equipment and systems - including EMS, SCADA, Distribution Automation, Teleprotection and associated communications such as power line carrier - used in the planning, operation and maintenance of electric power systems.Power systems control comprises control within control centres, RTUs and substations including telecontrol and interfaces to equipment, systems and databases outside the scope of TC57.
5 Secondary Distribution Standard domain of IEC TC 57Power Generators380 / 220 kV and higherTransmissionControl Centres- Transmission - Distribution- Energy management- Asset management - Trouble call- etcGrid SupplyPoint110 kVBulk SupplyPoint30 kVDistribution- transmission- primary- secondary- etcsubstationsSecondary DistributionPrimary DistributionIndustrial DistributionUrban Distribution10 kVRural Distribution
6 Power System Communication Architecture Application DomainAdministrativeServicesCommunicationLevelCIM - CommonInformation ModelPower ModelOMObject ModelsSMService ModelsSA SCADASA SwitchesSA Power TransformerSA C/V TransformerDP Wind turbinesDP PhotovoltaicDP Fuel cellsConfiguration LanguageCFLSECSecurityNetwork ManagementCNMCPCommunication ProfilesSerial interfaces inprimary equipmentPrimary EquipmentSubstation (PES)Distributed EnergyResources (DER)
7 Content From interfaces to architectures The notion of Communication InterfacesThe development of Communication Interfaces over the timeThe evolving of Communication ArchitecturesThe future seamless Communication ArchitectureThe importance of international standards forEconomy of countriesMultinational vendor corporationsSmall-to-medium-sized vendor enterprisesSystem operators (users)Energy market participants
15 Interfaces in substation ApplicationCommunicationDevices(IDEs)BusStandardisationDevice modelObject modelServicesCommunication Stack (OSI layer 1-7)Example IEC 61850Substation bus (MMS, ..)Process bus
16 Interfaces in control centre Integration BusStandardisationObject modelInterfaces of ComponentsCommunication Stack (CORBA, DCOM, ...)Example IEC 61970, 61968Integration Bus (IB)Common Information Model (CIM)Control centreApplication SoftwareExternal systemsIDLCIMCommunication(legacy systemswith adapter)Components(multiple vendors)
17 Evolving of Communication Architectures ProtocolIEC /101104 (IP routing)Time80‘sIEC /TASE.2 (MMS)(IP routing)ProtocolApplicationObjectsServicesMapping90‘sIEC (MMS, ...)IEC (CORBA, ..)IEC (CORBA, ..)Bus ProtocolsObjectsServicesMapping00‘s
18 Logical Device (vendor specific) Object Modelling of IEDs in SubstationObjectsServicesMappingBus ProtocolsTime00‘sApplicationLogical Device (vendor specific)L. NodeObjectFunctional Group
19 Modelling of real world devices Virtual device(circuit breaker)Real world device(circuit breaker)Class_Nameattribute...servicesmappingmeta data
21 Future Seamless Communication Architecture ConventionalWeb-based fixedWeb-based mobile:anytimeanywherea seam
22 Seamless DefinitionSeamless is defined on the abstract level for interoperability without data format and service conversion and does not exclude physical seams at various system levels if necessaryA system is seamless if the application layer data model (objects) and abstract services (ACSI, Abstract Communication Service Interface) are used throughout the system within the substation and for telecontrol to the control centreThis does not exclude different protocol stacks on different system levels the objects and services are mapped to, but the use of the same stack throughout the system simplifies it and allows potential additional cost savings.
23 Seamless Communication Architecture (1) Control centre with CIMWeb based mobile access 1)UMTSGPSseamlesscoms:meta dataconfiguration datareal-time dataEngineeringStationradioNetwork OSI Layer 1-3(IP)Substation Host(with Proxy)IEC Substation bus 1)(7/3 layer)IEDIEC Process bus 1)(7/3 layer)HV/MVEquipment1) and emergency systemin case of data network or CC failure1) substation bus / process buscan be identical (flat architecture)
24 Seamless Communication Architecture (2) Network OSI Layer 1-3(IP)IEDHV/MVEquipmentIEC Substation bus 1)(7/3 layer)IEC Process bus 1)Substation Host(with Proxy)Control centre with CIMRemote CCfront endOther possibility with distributedremote CC front endinternal CC protocol1) substation bus / process buscan be identical (flat architecture)seamlesscoms:meta dataconfiguration datareal-time data
25 Telecontrol & Bus Protocols Communication StackIEC TASE.2 (MMS, ...) over IPIEC Substation Bus (MMS, ...)IEC Integration Bus (CORBA, ..)IEC Integration Bus (CORBA, ..)Telecontrol & Bus ProtocolsObjectsServicesMappingApplicationAPIHigh life > for everDefinition„Diamonds of SCADA/EMS“Medium life < 20 yearsTechnology
26 Seamless Objects and Services IEC Process Bus(3 layer)Bus ProtocolsMappingApplicationAPISubstation: ProcessObjectsServicesIEC Station Bus(7 layer)Bus ProtocolsMappingApplicationAPISubstation: StationControl CentreIEC Station BusIEC TASE.2IEC 61970/61968 Integration Bus / CIMBus protocolsMappingApplicationAPIseamlessMay bethe same!Ethernet
27 Seamless with web-based technologies Web-based IntranetBrowserWeb-based mobileUMTSGPSCoordinated CommunicationsSeamless Object ModelSeamless Virtual Communication ServicesIndependence of Protocol ImplementationEliminating Gateways and Format ConversionsReduced cost of implementationReduced cost of MaintenanceReduced cost over the life cycleseamlesscoms
28 Example of seamless physical Architecture ControlcentreSubstationHost withProxyEngineeringIEC 61850fortelecontrolRouterIEC 61850IEC 61850Bay #1Bay #2BaycontrollerRelayARelayBSwitch 10 Mbit/sBaycontrollerRelayARelayBBUSSwitch 10 Mbit/sSwitch 10 Mbit/sIEC 61850IEC 61850(flat switched Ethernet network)ModernSwitchgearModernCT / VTModernSwitchgearModernCT / VTSame data model, services and protocol mappings
29 decentralised wind power systems Seamless also fordecentralised wind power systemsWIND TURBINE GENERATOR SYSTEMSIEC Part 25 - Communications for monitoring and control of wind power plantscommunication based on IEC (i.e. ISO 9506; MMS)IEC TC 88IEC TC 57
30 communication based on IEC 61850 (i.e. ISO 9506; MMS) Coming soon ...DER Distributed energy resources.. . decentralized communications forfuel cells and photo voltaic.communication based on IEC (i.e. ISO 9506; MMS)IEC TC 57
31 Need for a Security Framework HoldingSubsidiary #1System Operator Electricity#2Generation#4#5#nPublicTelecoms+InternetExternalProcessNetWorldOtherSystem Operators#3System Operator GasCorporateNetwork?
32 Vision: Convergence and Seamless Control ServicesNetworksTerminalsMultimediaApplicationsInformationTechnologies&CommunicationsSeamlessObjectsServicesPlatformsControlbangSeamless Control
33 - the national macro economic view - How the economies of countries benefit from international standardisation- the national macro economic view -
34 International standardisation leads to cost savings of about 1 % of the gross national product (GNP) 1). Thisresults to world-wide savings of about20 Million € of the EMS/SCADA market (2 Billion €)24 Billion € of the electricity product market (2,385 Billion €)The impact of International Standardization on the economyis greater then of those of patents and licences 1)Standardisation leads to technology transfer betweenvendorsIn the Standardisation process vendors learn of therequirements of users1) Research result (DIN Berlin, TU Dresden, FhG-ISI Karlsruhe), Germany, 2000
35 How multinational vendor corporations benefit from international standardisation - the global micro economic view -
36 Since the middle of the 20th century, growth rates in international trade and investment have exceededthose of domestic economies.Innovative vendors gain more than 50 % of there sales withproducts < 5 years old and need standards for itFrom this follows that standards must keep up with thepace of innovationStandardisation helps vendors to enter foreign marketsand profit from it.
37 Developing anticipatory intelligence: You can acquire information that enables you to anticipate, before other stakeholders, circumstances that have not yet widely manifested themselves.
38 Using customer networks: You can identify consumer needs and conceive new products through networking with user representatives on standards committees and this may enhance the market success of new products.
39 Saving time and money:One of the goals of standardization is to make design and manufacturing simpler, cleaner, surer.By using standards, you don’t need to reinvent the wheel every time. Instead, you can focus your efforts on adding something new to the wheel – something that will improve the quality of life and that will contribute to technological progress.Knowledge about standardization helps to research and invest in the right technology
40 Improving safety and quality: Nobody today can pretend to know all there is about a certain technology.Within IEC working groups you will encounter ideas some of which will be new and valuable, others which may help you to avoid making costly mistakes.
41 ABBUsing IEC international standards saves us time and money in our multi-million dollar transfer of technology project with Indian Railways.Without IEC standards this project could not have been attempted.Christian VetterliTechnology Transfer Project Head
42 SiemensIf customers don’t see the IEC present in the product, Siemens must justify why. The IEC has made globalization possible for Siemens ...Without IEC standards, prices forSiemens products would be much higher as they would have to adapt to different national requirements around the world.Gerhard GollerHead of Global Operations for High-Voltage Switchgear
43 Vendors move to the markets One worldOne technologyOne standardIEC (substation bus & process bus & telecontrol) forElectricity nets communicationsWindmill turbines communicationsComing soon ... fuel cells communications
44 How small-to-medium-sized vendor enterprises benefit from international standardisation - the global micro economic view -
45 Since the middle of the 20th century, growth rates in international trade and investment have exceededthose of domestic economies.Standardisation helps SMEs to enter foreign marketsand profit from it.
46 It is the received view that SMEs in technology-intensive industries have little possibility of setting either de jure or de facto standards.While there may be far fewer de facto standards set by SMEs, nevertheless SMEs have important incentives for participating in international standardization. These incentives have to do with very important benefits related to strategic marketing advantages.
47 Many new SMEs - particularly the high-tech or internet-related ones - are international right from the beginning, yet these companies often experience substantial problems and high failure rates when trying to penetrate foreign markets.SMEs must address this from the beginning. One strategy they can use to penetrate successfully is being involved in international standardization.
48 SMEs are able to provide third party equipment to systems of big vendors using standardized interfacesSMEs can act as suppliers of big manufacturesSMEs mostly gain from technology transfer
49 How System Operators benefit from international standardisation
50 Sales (fee of net and system services use) ROI driven System OperatorsSCADA/EMS& Control SystemsrequirementsstandardsAsset-Management(ROI)EngineeringOperationPowerSystemControlSales (fee of net and system services use)MarketParticipantsNetCustomersVendorsMarket rules and codesRegulationSystem servicesBalancingMeteringSettlementProductsConstructionServicesFee comparison with other SOs
51 Open standardized architectures substantially reduce installation time and cost and allow equipment frommultiple vendors within one system.Answer: Standard support ofSystem integrationInterfaces.
52 Approximately 55 % of the installed cost of utility control systems are associated with system configuration and integration over the life cycleAnswer: Standard support ofSystem migrationConfigurationMaintenanceConformance tests.
53 How market participants benefit from international standardisation
54 Electronic business language The function of the liberalized energy market with manymarket participants and more than1 million transactions per day 1)in Europe relies heavily on electronic communicationAnswer: Standard support ofElectronic business communication based on ebXML, Wb ServicesEnergy market specific business languageTrue B2B (not over mail boxes and folders)High security and performance.Modelling is a regional issue (Europe: ETSO, EFET, ..)1) Study of the EU, 2001