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Wireless network Usually use Radio Frequency (RF) technology Adv :

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Presentation on theme: "Wireless network Usually use Radio Frequency (RF) technology Adv :"— Presentation transcript:

1 Wireless network Usually use Radio Frequency (RF) technology Adv :
transmit and receive data over the air Adv : providing all the features of wired LAN without the limitations of a cable Disadv : lower transmission speed higher cost (when c.f. wired network)

2 Wireless LAN usually used in complement with a wired LAN
becoming an alternative for wired LAN by means of an access point (AP) a device that transports data between a wireless LAN and a wired LAN with wireless LAN Card wireless network interface card wireless node with area of coverage


4 One of the advantage of Wireless LAN
provide mobility suitable for school campus taking inventory in a warehouse making order for a restaurant hospitals construction site temporarily office health care ; retail ; manufacturing ; warehousing ; education

5 Network Topology Network Topology = logical layout or the way in which the computers and other network devices are connected Each computer / device = node Common Topologies Bus topology Star topology Ring topology

6 Bus Topology all computers and other network devices are connect to a single central cable

7 Adv : Disadv : Easy to set up
failure of one device does not affect the rest of the bus network Disadv : failure of any point on the central bus may lead to the failure of the whole network only one PC can send data on a bus network therefore number of computer attached to the bus will affect the performance of network more PC, more waiting, slower the network

8 3 concepts about Bus Topology
sending the signal signal bounce (CSMA / CD) terminator

9 Sending the signal in form of electronic signals
sent to all computers on the network only the computer whose address matches the address encoded in the original signal accepts the information all other PC reject the data

10 Signal Bounce as data is sent to the entire network
travels from one end of the cable to the other if signal is allowed to continue uninterrupted signal will keep bouncing back and forth other PC cannot send signals therefore signal must be stopped after it has a chance to reach the proper destination address

11 Terminator to stop the signal from bouncing
a component called a terminator placed at each end of the cable to absorb free signals to clear the cable so that other PCs can send data both end should plug with terminator

12 Star Topology all the devices on the network
connect to a central device (hub / switch / router) thus forming a star if one device / computer fail not affecting the others. If the connecting cable between an device and the central device fail / has problem not affecting the others

13 If the central device fails
power / networking problem the entire network is not working Star topology is the most common type of network topology


15 Advantage : Disadvantage : centralized resources
centralized management Disadvantage : great deal of cable in a large network installation if central point fail, the entire network goes down

16 no bouncing and terminator
One PC fail if one PC, or one of the cable that connects it to the hub fails (on a star network) only the failed computer will not be able the send, or receive network data no bouncing and terminator

17 Ring Topology all the devices are connected on a circular path
data flows in only one direction For sending data data travels to each computer on the ring until it reaches its destination control data transmission by using token-passing scheme

18 Token Disadv : control signal passes from one device to the next
indicating which device is allow (has the right) to transmit signal thus ensure the only one computer at a time can transmit data therefore, no data collision Disadv : if a device on a ring network fail / cable fail whole network fail

19 Topologies : usually more than 1 topology is used in a network
For example : school network bus + star

20 Network Operating System
Desktop Operating System e.g. Windows 98 / ME good to use with necessary software for establishing communication with a network server But if want to manage network resources control the flow of data maintain security …………….. !!!!!!!!

21 Thus need a Network Operating System (NOS) NOS :
has 2 components : Network Server Software Network Client Software

22 Network Server Software
e.g. Mac OS X Server / Windows .NET Server control file access from the server’s hard disk manage print queue tracks user data such as user Ids and passwords Network Client Software Mac OS X, Windows XP Professional gather login information handles drive mapping directs printouts to the network printers

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