Presentation on theme: "Transit-Oriented Development in Boston A Presentation for the National Community Development Association Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA June 2007."— Presentation transcript:
Transit-Oriented Development in Boston A Presentation for the National Community Development Association Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA June 2007
Historical Background Boston is known as Americas Walking City Compact size and density make walking an effective mode of transit. Boston has 7 th highest percentage of pedestrian commuters in US (Cambridge, MA is highest). First subway in the US: Tremont Street Subway opened in 1897 (precursor to Green Line)
Historical Background 1947 new Metropolitan Transit Authority (MTA) formed and took over streetcars, subways elevated railways and bus operations, served 14 adjacent cities and towns. 1964 Metropolitan Boston Transit Authority (MBTA) formed, serving 78 cities and towns. 1987 Washington Street elevated replaced by Southwest Corridor (subway, commuter rail), reducing rapid transit service to Roxbury. 1999 MBTA expanded to 175 cities and towns
Quick Facts MBTA averages 1.1 million passenger trips every workday. Subway averages about 600,000 trips every workday. No. of lines: 13 commuter rail, 5 light rail, 4 subway, 3 trolleybus, 4 ferryboat, 183 bus Boston ranks 3 rd in transits market share for commuting (33%). Washington, DC is 1 st. MBTA has its own song, Charlie on the MTA, recorded by Kingston Trio in 1959
TOD in Boston: context Almost all of Boston is within ¼ mile of a transit station MBTA coordinates/collaborates with City on renovations to existing stations and construction of new stations, makes MBTA land available. $30 million TOD Infrastructure and Housing Support Bond Program for pedestrian improvements, bicycle facilities, design, housing projects and parking facilities $10 million Commercial Area Transit Node Housing Program
TOD Projects in Boston 1973 EPA parking freeze @ 1973 levels plus 10% 51,000 spaces in 1977, grew only 9% to 59,100 in 1997. Boston has 2 nd most expensive parking in US – NYC is 1 st Many T-stops are located within one of Bostons 19 Main Streets neighborhood commercial revitalization districts
TOD Projects Mattapan Square Station (Red Line) Bartlett Yards at Dudley Station (Bus and Silver Line) Fairmount Line (Commuter Rail): upgrade Uphams Corner & Morton Street stations, possible 4 new stations at Newmarket, Four Corners, Talbot Ave and Blue Hill Ave. Maverick Station (blue line) HOPE-VI Ashmont Station (Red Line)
Ashmont TOD Project Located at Peabody Square in Ashmont Neighborhood of Dorchester. Redevelopment of station and surface parking lot into 6 story, 190,000 s.f. mixed-use building 116 housing units (72 affordable rental, 42 market rate condos), 10,000 s.f. of neighborhood retail, 80 underground parking spaces Funding included $2.7 million state & City HOME funds, $2 million in TOD $, $750K CATNHP, $15.6 million LIHTC, etc.
Useful Resources The New Transit Town: Best Practices in Transit-Oriented Development, edited by Hank Dittmar & Gloria Ohland, Island Press, 2004 Transit-Oriented Development in the United States: Experiences, Challenges and Prospects. TCRP Report 102, Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, 2004 Center for Transit-Oriented Development website: www.transitorienteddevelopment.orgwww.transitorienteddevelopment.org
Contact Information Bob Gehret, Deputy Director Policy Development & Research Division Department of Neighborhood Development 26 Court Street, 8 th Floor,Boston, MA 02108 E-mail: email@example.com@cityofboston.gov Phone: (617) 635-0242
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