2 Introduction What is an essay ? An essay is a piece of writing that usually has five or moreparagraphs. An essay is written about one topic that hasseveral main points. The main points are introduced in anintroductory paragraph and supported in bodyparagraphs. The conclusion is the last paragraph.EssayBody Paragraph 1_____________Body Paragraph 2Body Paragraph 3Introduction_____________Conclusion_____________
3 Parts of an Essay An Introduction An introductory paragraph is the first paragraph in an essay. It contains two parts.1. General Statements: a few sentences about your subject that catch the attention of your reader.2. A Thesis Statement: one sentence that tells your reader the main points of your topic and states the overall “plan” of your essay.
4 Example An Introduction General Statements“Metropolitan City is full of charm and scenic beauty, so visitorsfrom around the world come to enjoy its famous theaters,museums,countless ethnic restaurants, and scenic wonders. AlthoughMetropolitan City seems like a paradise, it isn’t. The city hasseveral serious problems: poor public transportation, congestedstreets, and expensive housing”(Hogue, A. & Oshima, A., 1991, p. 92).Thesis Statement
5 Example Body Paragraph Topic Sentence“The first and most important problem is Metropolitan City’s inadequatepublic transportation system. Thousands of residents rely on the city’s busesand streetcars to travel throughout this large city, but Metro TransportationSystem’s daily schedules are totally unreliable. A bus or streetcar that shouldarrive at 7:45 may not arrive until 8:00 or later. Moreover, it is not unusualfor a bus driver to pass up groups of people waiting for the bus, because hewants to make up for lost time. Unfortunately, people often end up going towork late or missing important appointments. In order for people to get totheir destinations on time, people must allow for waiting time at the bus andstreetcar stops” (Hogue, A. & Oshima, A., 1991, p. 79).Concluding SentenceSupporting Sentences
6 Parts of an Essay Conclusion The conclusion paragraph is the last paragraph in the essay. Itcompletes the essay by summarizing or repeating the mostimportant ideas. The conclusion can also include an opinion, aprediction, or a solution to a problem.Body Paragraph 1IntroductionConclusionBody Paragraph 2Body Paragraph 3
7 ExampleConclusionSummary of Main Ideas“In conclusion, Metropolitan City must improve its public transit system,clear up the massive traffic jams caused by slow-moving traffic in thedowntown areas, and keep rentals down to affordable levels. In other words,Metropolitan City must improve its image, or it will soon become just anothermediocre city due to the lack of administrative responsibility to solve theseunfortunate problems”(Hogue, A. & Oshima, A., 1991, p. 79).Prediction
8 Overview of an Essay Introduction General statements and information about the topicThesis statement- lists the main ideas in the essayBody Paragraph 1Body Paragraph 2Body Paragraph 3Body ParagraphsSupport the main ideas of the thesis statementBegin with topic sentencesConclusionBrief summary of main points of the essay