Presentation on theme: "First Aid For The School Bus Driver"— Presentation transcript:
1First Aid For The School Bus Driver By Shawn BennearSDB Powerpoints forSeneca Valley School District
2A Bus Driver’s Main JobTo safely transport student’s to and from school, events and activities.
3What Could Possibly Go Wrong? AccidentsNose bleedsIllnessBee StingsInjuriesAsthmaBleedingJust about anything you can imagine.
4Leading Cause Of Death In Children Injuries are the leading cause of death among children between the ages of 1 and 19, and most of these injury deaths can be prevented.In 1996, for example, more than 13,000 children and adolescents in the United States died from unintentional (“accidental”) injuries, predominantly resulting from motor vehicle crashes, drowning, and residential fires.
5What Constitutes An Emergency Any situation that is beyond your control.When in doubt, it is an emergency.
6Bad Things Happen... Unfortunate events can happen. Quick decisions can be the difference between controlled chaos and disaster.Get help fast! Time is NOT on your side in a emergency situation!
7Time To Get Help. Who do you call for help? How do you do it? Remain calm and speak clearly.Give your location and the nature of the emergency.
8In The Meantime…You may find it necessary to perform some first aid techniques.
9On The Scene SafetyBefore you give care, make sure the scene is safe forYouYour StudentsThose around youOn Scene Safety is your number one priority.
11Put On Those Gloves!Precautions should be observed when caring for bleeding injuries and handling other body fluids.Caregivers who anticipate assisting in first aid when body fluids are present should use disposable gloves.
12When Done, Wash Hands…Would you consider cooking dinner after gardening without washing your hands?Wash hands vigorously with soap under a stream of running water for at least 15 seconds.
13When Done, Wash HandsRinse hands well with running water and thoroughly dry with paper towels.If soap and water are unavailable, instant hand cleaner may be used.
14General Emergency Guidelines Remain calm and communicate a calm, supportive attitude to the ill or injured individual.Never leave an ill or injured individual unattended.Do not move an injured individual or all the person to walk (bring help and supplies to the individual).
15General Emergency Guidelines If trained and if necessary, institute CPR or Rescue Breathing.Call for help immediately!Do not become involved in using treatment methods beyond your skill. Recognize your limits. When in doubt, call for help.
16Allergic ReactionAn anaphylactic (allergic) reaction is a rare, severe and sudden generalized reaction that is potentially life threatening.Signs & SymptomsApprehension and flushingRash (especially the face)Swelling of affected areasBreathing Difficulty, wheezing, gurglingSkin feels moist and/or appears flushed, pale or bluis.Absent or weak pulse.
17Allergic Reaction Treatment Call for help immediately If individual is know to have allergies, consult written action plan on file and proceed with physician’s recommendationsCheck the individual’s pulse and respiration. Be alert for breathing and pulse being slower or faster than usual.If necessary, cover with blankets to keep warm.If necessary, certified personnel start CPR and/or Rescue Breathing.Call Parent
18AsthmaAsthma is a lung disease that causes repeated episodes of breathing problems.Symptoms of asthma can be mild, severe or fatal.Asthma is potentially life threatening.
19Asthma Signs and symptoms Breathing problems Wheezing (high-pitched, whistling sound)CoughingTightness in chestShortness of breath
20AsthmaTreatmentIf breathing problem is severe or prolonged past 2 minutes, call for help immediately.Place individual in comfortable position, usually sitting.Remain calm.If individual is know to school personnel as having asthma, refer to written action plan on file and proceed with physician’s recommendations.
21BitesFor all bites, if there is any history of allergic reaction or if any of the following signs or symptoms are present, call for help immediately.
22Bites Signs and Symptoms Hives (tiny bumps of the skin) Itching and swelling involving skin, nose, or eyesThroat tightness, swelling inside the mouth, metallic taste and hoarsenessWheezing (high-pitched, whistling sound), difficulty breathing, chest tightnessPerson appears paleWeakness, dizziness, headache, fainting
23Animal Bite Treatment Call for help. If alert, allow individual to sit up.Wear gloves. Use Universal Precautions.Cleanse wound thoroughly with soap and water for 5 minutes. (What do you have on the bus?)Cover wound with clean bandage.Call parent and recommend follow-up medical care. (Follow school policy)Call Animal Control.
24Severe Bleeding Determine cause of injury Call for help immediately Wear gloves. Use Universal PrecautionsControl bleeding by placing a clean covering (preferably sterile) over wound and apply pressure to a nearby artery.If injury does not appear to involve broken bone, elevate injured area above the level of the heart.If necessary, add more dressings. Do not remove previous dressings. Secure dressing in place.
26Fainting Treatment Position individual on back on a flat surface. If other injuries are present, see appropriate procedures.If no injuries, elevate legs 8 – 12 inches.Loosen clothing around neck and waist.Apply cool, damp cloth to head.Continue to observe carefullyIf recovery is not complete in less than 2 minutes, call for help.If breathing stops, certified personnel start Rescue Breathing.
27Hyperventilation Signs and Symptoms Rapid, shallow breathing Profuse sweatingPale skinNauseaTingling of hands, face and feet
28Hyperventilation Treatment Calm and reassure individual Encourage individual to breathe slowlyDo not have individual breathe into paper bag.If individual does not respond and their condition worsens, call for help
29Nose bleedsSigns and SymptomsBleedingSwellingBruisingChoking
30Nose bleeds Treatment Wear gloves. Use Universal Precautions If bleeding is not related to trauma, keep individual slightly leaning forward and breathing through the mouth.Loosen anything tight around the neck.Pinch the sides of the nose against the septum (bone in center of nose) for at least 5 – 10 minutes to allow a clot to form.Apply ice/cold packs to forehead, over bridge of nose and back of neck. (Do not apply directly to skin)If bleeding does not stop in 5 – 10 minutes, call for help.
31SeizuresRemain calm. A seizure can not be stopped once it starts. Call for help immediately.Signs and SymptomsMay experience an aura (unusual sensation) or feeling immediately preceding seizure.Strange soundLack of smellUrgent need to get to safetyMild blackoutRhythmic jerking or stiffening of all or some of the extremities and face
32Seizures Treatment Wear gloves. Use Universal Precautions Do not place anything in individual’s mouth.Place on side to prevent choking on secretions and blockage of the airway.If individual is standing or sitting, gently lower to ground to avoid a fall.If possible place a cushion or blanket under individual’s head.
33Seizures Do not hold or restrain individual Clear around individual to prevent injury from sharp objects.Do not give food, drink or medications during a seizureRemain with the individual during the seizure to monitor progress.Observer all of the individual’s activity during the seizure, including:Time seizure beganArea of body where seizure began, types of movement.
34Choking - ConsciousIf individual can breathe, cough or speak, do not interfere.Stay with the individual. Encourage to cough out the obstruction.If individual cannot clear their airway by coughing, is unable to speak, breath or cough, call for help.Perform abdominal thrusts
35Motor Vehicle Accident Follow your districts policyCall for helpIf safe, keep children on the bus to protect them from carsExplain fire department response and triage.
36Wrap upIf it can happen, it will happen. Illness and injury can and will occur on the bus.Remain calm, call for help and stay safe.Are there any other emergencies you’d like to discuss?