2 Station 1 - Discrimination Against African Americans Define the term “Segregation”to cause or force the separation of; in this case, separating people based on race
3 Station 1 - Discrimination Against African Americans 2. How was segregation enforced in the South? Laws and customs enforcement vacation in the south
4 Station 1 - Discrimination Against African Americans 3. List 5 examples of segregation in the South.Banned people of different races from sharing taxicabsDifferent races have separate entrances to buildingSeparate elevators and stairwaysSeparate drinking fountainsSeparate water faucetsBlacks could not sit on the same train car is whitesBlacks had to sit in the back of the busBlacks had to give up their bus seats to whites
5 Station 1 - Discrimination Against African Americans Why did African Americans hesitate to speak out against segregation?Fear of being fired from their jobs, harassed by police, beaten, or worse (killed).
6 Station 2 - The Supreme Court Ends School Segregation 5. List 3 ways in which segregated schools were separate but unequal.Blacks schools oftenWere old and dingyOvercrowdedHad few books, maps, textbooks, library materialsFew or no desks
7 Station 2 - The Supreme Court Ends School Segregation 6. What year was the Supreme Court decision Brown v. Board of Education? 1954
8 Station 2 - The Supreme Court Ends School Segregation 7. What did Brown v. Board of Education say/do? It ended school segregation
9 Station 2 - The Supreme Court Ends School Segregation 8. Who was Thurgood Marshall? The lawyer who won the Brown v. Board of Education decision. He also became the first African American Supreme Court Justice.
10 Station 3 - The Montgomery Bus Boycott 9. Who was Rosa Parks? She was the African American lady who, in 1955, was arrested for not giving up her seat on a bus. This started the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
11 Station 3 - The Montgomery Bus Boycott Describe what the Montgomery Bus Boycott was and how it affected African Americans. 17,000 African Americans stop riding the busses. This caused many to carpool or walk to work everyday.
12 Station 3 - The Montgomery Bus Boycott 11. How long did the bus boycott last? More than a year
13 Station 3 - The Montgomery Bus Boycott 12. What was the result of the boycott? The Supreme Court ruled that segregated busses is unconstitutional.
14 Station 3 - The Montgomery Bus Boycott 13. What role did Martin Luther King Jr. play in the bus boycott? MKL was chosen to lead the bus boycott.
15 Station 4 - Nonviolent Protests 14. When did the events surrounding the “Little Rock Nine” occur? 1957
16 Station 4 - Nonviolent Protests 15. Describe who the “Little Rock Nine” were and what they did.9 African American students who tried repeatedly to enter Central High School in Little Rock, AR. They were eventually allowed in when the President sent troops to protect them
17 Station 4 - Nonviolent Protests 16. What is a sit-in? A form of nonviolent resistance to segregation in which people occupy seats in a segregated facility (usually a restaurant)
18 Station 4 - Nonviolent Protests 17. Were sit-ins successful? Why or why not? Yes. Sit-ins negatively affected business profits and business owners needed to make a profit
19 Station 5 - The Movement Comes to Birmingham 18. Why did Civil Rights leaders chose to protest in Birmingham, Alabama? Because in up until 1962, Birmingham had succeeded in denying African Americans civil rights and continuing segregation.
20 Station 5 - The Movement Comes to Birmingham 19. List tactics used by the Birmingham police and Bull Connor to end the protests.Threatened to throw store owners in jail if they served African AmericansArrested MLK for “Parading without a permit”Arrested protestersSprayed protesters with high pressure hosesSwung nightsticks at people’s headsUsed attack dogs
21 Station 5 - The Movement Comes to Birmingham 20. Summarize the main point of Martin Luther King Jr.’s “Letter from a Birmingham Jail.” That the protesters do not cause tensions, but that they expose the tensions that already exist.
22 Station 5 - The Movement Comes to Birmingham 21. What were the Children’s marches? Because so many protesters had been arrested, MLK agreed to recruit and allow children to protest.
23 Station 5 - The Movement Comes to Birmingham 22. How did Birmingham become desegregated? President Kennedy sent 3,000 troops to restore peace. Store owners ended segregation in their stores. The mayor had ended segregation at the library, golf courses, park, and schools.
24 Station 6 - The March on Washington and Civil Rights Laws 23. When did the Civil Rights March on Washington take place? August 28, 1963
25 Station 6 - The March on Washington and Civil Rights Laws 24. What famous speech was given at this march? Martin Luther King Jr.’s “I Have a Dream”
26 Station 6 - The March on Washington and Civil Rights Laws 25. What did the Civil Rights Act of 1964 do? Outlawed segregation in public facilities and banned discrimination in employment based on race, sex, religion, or nationality.
27 Station 6 - The March on Washington and Civil Rights Laws 26. What did the Voting Rights Act do? Outlawed literacy test, allowed the President to register blacks to vote in 7 southern states. In a few months, over 600,000 African Americans had registered to vote in the south.
28 Station 6 - The March on Washington and Civil Rights Laws 27. How did Martin Luther King Jr. die? He was shot to death by James Earl Ray
29 Station 7 - Black Power28. What is meant by the term “Black Power”? The call by some civil rights activist for African Americans to have political and economic power. This included not relying on nonviolent protests.
30 Station 7 - Black Power29. How did “black pride” and “black power” cause some young African Americans to reject Martin Luther King Jr.’s philosophy of nonviolence? Many African Americans thought that they should be able to defend themselves even with violence.
31 Station 7 - Black Power30. Why did many African Americans believe they should be able to defend themselves with violence? Many believed that nonviolence didn’t achieve change fast enough. Others were taught that whites were the enemies of blacks and that blacks would never gain respect if they depended on whites for everything.
32 Station 7 - Black Power31. Who was Malcolm X? A black Civil Rights leader who thought that African Americans should gain their freedom by any means necessary (including violence)
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